Q4 2021 Corn Production in BARMM

September 13, 2022Special Release Ref No.: SR-BARMM-22-043

Corn production in BARMM decreased by 0.42 percent in Q4 2021

The total corn production in BARMM decreased by 0.42 percent in the fourth quarter of 2021, that is from 214,752.33 metric tons (MT) in Q4 2020 to 213,856.52 MT in Q4 2021. Combining the production of Sulu, Tawi-Tawi and Basilan, the three provinces only got 0.45 percent of the total Corn Production in BARMM in Q4 2021. Maguindanao got the highest with 60.18 percent and followed by Lanao del Sur with 39.37 percent in Q4 2021
Figure 1. Percent Distribution of Corn Production in BARMM,by Province: Q4 2021
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA)
 
Corn production in Lanao del Sur and Sulu increased by 5.99 percent and 36.12 percent, respectively. On the other hand, production in Maguindanao and Basilan provinces reported to have a decrease by 4.33 percent and 3.02 percent, respectively. There are no changes in production for the province of Tawi-tawi.
Figure 2. Volume of Corn Production in BARMM, by Province:Q4 2020 – Q4 2021 (in Metric Tons)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA)

Most of the corn produced in BARMM in Q4 2021 is White Corn

About 66.84 percent of the total corn production in BARMM in Q4 2021 was white corn, while the remaining 33.16 percent was yellow corn. Production of white corn massively increased by 79.22 percent between the fourth quarters of 2020 and 2021. On the other hand, the yellow corn vastly shrunk its production by 47.47 percent between Q4 2020 and Q4 2021.

Figure 3. Percent Distribution of Corn Production in BARMM,
by Crop type: Q4 2021
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA)

Almost three-fourths or 70.67 percent of yellow corn production in BARMM was produced in Maguindanao, while Lanao del Sur contributed 29.33 percent on Q4 2021. There were no contribution for the provinces of Basilan, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi for the yellow corn production during the fourth quarter of 2020 and 2021.

Figure 4. Percent Distribution of Yellow Corn Production in BARMM,by Province: Q4 2021
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA)
 
Figure 5. Volume of Yellow Corn Production in BARMM, by Province:Q3 2020 – Q3 2021 (in Metric Tons)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA)

Maguindanao had a massive increased of white corn production of Q4 2021 with a 300.35 percent growth. Sulu and Lanao del Sur provinces had an increased too of 36.12 percent and 6.83 percent, respectively on Q4 2021. The province of Basilan was the only one who decreased its production by 3.02 percent. No change of production for the province of Tawi-tawi.

Figure 6. Percent Distribution of White Corn Production in BARMM,by Province: Q4 2021
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA)

 

Figure 7. Volume of White Production in BARMM, by Province:Q4 2020 – Q4 2021 (in Metric Tons)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA)

Palay and Corn Production Survey

Palay Production Survey and Corn Production Survey (PPS and CPS) are some of the major agricultural surveys conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA). These generate estimates and forecasts on palay and corn production, area and yield and other productionrelated data that serve as inputs for policy making and programs on palay/rice.

Definition of Terms:

Palay Household – the sample household operates an agricultural land, whole or part of which is palay area within the nine-month period, or the land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production. Specifically, any of the following conditions must be satisfied:

a. Household harvested palay during the reference quarter;
b. Household has standing palay crop in the farm;
c. Household intends to plant within the succeeding quarter; and
d. The land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production.
 

Non-Palay Household – household operates an agricultural land which is not intended for/devoted to palay production, i.e., zero palay production, no standing palay crop and planting intention.

Corn Household – the sample household operates an agricultural land, whole or part of which is corn area within the nine-month period, or the land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production. Specifically, any of the following conditions must be satisfied:

a. Household harvested corn during the reference quarter;
b.Household has standing corn crop in the farm;
c. Household intends to plant within the succeeding quarter; and
d. The land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to corn production.
 

Non-Corn Household  household operates an agricultural land which is not intended for/devoted to corn production, i.e., zero corn production, no standing corn crop and planting intention.

Technical Notes:

Production refers to the quantity produced and actually harvested for a particular crop during the reference period. For palay and corn, harvest area refers to the actual area harvested/to be harvested during the reference quarter. Estimates and forecasts of production and harvest area of palay and corn are generated from the Quarterly Palay and Corn Production Survey (PCPS) of which there are four survey rounds in a year that is January, April, July and October. The following are the data taken from these surveys:

a. Production estimates of the previous quarter for each survey round;
b. Forecast one quarter ahead based on the standing crop; and
c. Forecast two quarters ahead based on planning intentions.
 

 

(Sgd) ENGR. AKAN G. TULA
OIC-Regional Director
PSA RSSO-BARMM