Q3 2020 Livestock Production and Inventory in BARMM
Livestock production in BARMM increases by 0.91 percent in Q3 2020
The total livestock production in BARMM increased by 0.91 percent in the third quarter of 2020, from 7,494.00 metric tons (MT) in the third quarter of 2019 to 7,562.14 MT in the third quarter of 2020. This was brought by the increase in production of Hog and Goat with corresponding growth rates of 5.74 percent and 2.71 percent. On the other hand, production of Carabao and Cattle decreased by 3.79 percent and 2.97 percent, respectively.
Hog contributes 29.25 percent of the total livestock production in BARMM
Hog production comprised 29.25 percent of the total livestock production in BARMM in the third quarter of 2020, which was the highest during this period. This was followed by Goat and Cattle with percentage shares of 29.09 percent and 21.16 percent, respectively. Moreover, Carabao recorded the lowest percentage share of 20.50 percent during this period.
Swine inventory in BARMM increases by 17.92 percent as of 01 October 2020
Only the data on Swine inventory is available as of 01 October 2020. The total Swine inventory in BARMM increased by 17.92 percent, from 48,281 heads as of 01 October 2019 to 56,933 heads as of 01 October 2020. Swine inventory in all provinces, except for Tawi-Tawi, also increased during this period.
Basilan recorded the highest Swine inventory in the region during this period. The province comprised 81.27 percent of the total swine inventory, that is 46,270 heads as of 01 October 2020. This was followed by Maguindanao and Tawi-Tawi comprising 16.95 percent and 1.32 percent of the regional estimate, respectively; while the remaining corresponding shares of 0.34 percent and 0.11 percent were in Lanao del Sur and Sulu.
NOTE: All regional estimates discussed in this article is exclusive for the original ARMM territory only. However, ARMM legally does not exist as of writing, thus the term BARMM is used to avoid confusion among the readers.
This statistical report covers four (4) livestock (cattle, carabao, goat and swine) commodities.
The data on these commodities include: volume of production (in metric tons), number of animals slaughtered (in head) and inventory of animals (in head).
The data on inventory and volume of production are taken from the regular surveys conducted by PSA. The Backyard Livestock and Poultry Survey (BLPS) covers one (1) of the four (4) replicate samples of the Palay and Corn Production Survey (PCPS). It consists of 15,069 sample households in 1,051 sample barangays nationwide for Carabao, Cattle, Goat and Swine.
To supplement the statistical data on livestock sector obtained from the said survey, Compilation of Data from Slaughterhouses and Poultry Dressing Plants (CDSPDP) is also done. The CDSPDP covers around 1,387 Accredited (AAA and AA) and Locally Registered Meat Establishments (LRMEs) nationwide. These data are compiled from the administrative records of the National Meat Inspection Service (NMIS) and the Local Government Units (LGUs).
Concepts and Definitions
Backyard Farm – any farm or household, whether farming or non-farming, tending at least one head of animal and does not qualify as a commercial farm.
Inventory – the actual number of domesticated animals present in the farm as of a specific reference date.
- Beginning inventory is the number of live animals present in the farm at the beginning of the reference period, i.e. for January to June 2016, the beginning inventory is as of January 1, 2016; for January to March the beginning inventory is as of January 1.
- Ending inventory is the number of live animals/remaining stocks present in the farm at the end of the reference period, i.e. for January to June 2016, the ending inventory is as of July 1, 2016; for January to March, the remaining inventory is as of April 1.
Locally Registered Meat Establishment (LRME) – slaughterhouse, meat processing plants, meat cutting plants and cold storages that are allowed to operate by the city/municipal government but are not accredited by NMIS.
Slaughterhouses (SH) – premises that are approved and registered by the NMIS and LGUs in which food animals are slaughtered for human consumption.
Slaughtered in Slaughterhouses – the number of animals slaughtered in accredited (AAA, AA, A) slaughterhouses including number of animals slaughtered in LRMEs.
Volume of Production – the quantity of locally-raised animals disposed for slaughter which includes animals shipped-out for slaughter. This is expressed in number of heads, or in metric ton, liveweight equivalent.