Q2 2020 Employment Situation in BARMM

September 14, 2020Special Release Ref No.: SR-BARMM-20-081

Less than half of the population 15 years old and over in BARMM are in the labor force

Less than half or 41.06 percent of the total population 15 years old and over in BARMM were in the labor force in April 2020. The level of labor force participation of the working-age population in BARMM decreased by 15.29 percentage points from the previous estimate in April 2019 which recorded 56.35 percent labor force participation rate (LFPR). BARMM recorded the lowest LFPR during this period. The region’s LFPR is lower than the national estimate which is 55.64 percent.

Figure 1. Labor Force Participation Rate in the Philippines, by Region: April 2019 and April 2020
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Most of the economically active population in BARMM are employed

About 70.22 percent of the working-age population who were economically active or those who belong to the labor force in BARMM are employed in April 2020. This estimate is 21.50 percentage points lower than that of the previous year. BARMM’s employment rate is lower than the national estimate which is 82.32 percent.

Figure 2. Employment Rate in the Philippines, by Region: April 2019 and April 2020
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Unemployment rate of BARMM increased by 21.50 percentage points

The unemployment rate of BARMM increased by 21.50 percentage points, that is from 8.27 percent in April 2019 to 29.78 percent in April 2020. BARMM’s unemployment rate was higher than that of the national estimate which was 17.68 percent.

Underemployment rate of BARMM decreased by 2.68 percentage points

About 7.82 percent of the employed persons in BARMM want to have additional hours of work in their present job or an additional job, or a new job with longer working hours in April 2020. This is the lowest rate in the entire country, lower than the national estimate of 18.92 percent. The underemployment rate in the region decreased by 2.68 percentage points during this period from the 10.50 percent rate in April 2019.

Figure 3. Unemployment Rate in the Philippines, by Region: April 2019 and April 2020
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

 

Figure 4. Underemployment Rate in the Philippines, by Region: April 2019 and April 2020
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

NOTE: All regional estimates discussed in this article is exclusive for the original ARMM territory only. ARMM legally does not exist as of writing, thus the term BARMM is used to avoid confusion among the readers.

TECHNICAL NOTES

The Labor Force Survey (LFS) is a nationwide quarterly survey conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) during the months of April, April, April, and April. For this release, the data being presented are based on the final results of the April 2018 round of the LFS.

The reference period used in the survey is the past seven (7) days preceding the date of interview of theenumerator. The concepts and definitions used in the survey can be found in PSA Integrated Survey of Households (ISH) Bulletins. Some are given below:

a. Labor Force – refers to the population 15 years old and over who contribute to the production ofgoods and services in the country. It comprises the employed and unemployed.

b. Employed – refers to persons in the labor force who are reported either as at work or with a job orbusiness although not at work. Persons at work are those who did some work, even for an hour duringthe reference period.

c. Unemployed – refers to persons in the labor force who are reported as:

  1. without work; and
  2. currently available for work; and
  3. seeking work or not seeking work due to the following reasons:
i.belief that no work is available, or
ii.awaiting results of previous job application, or
iii.because of temporary illness or disability, or
iv.bad weather, or
v.waiting for rehire or job recall.

d. Underemployed – refers to employed persons who express the desire to have additional hours ofwork in their present job or an additional job, or a new job with longer working hours.

e. Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) – refers to the proportion of total labor force to the totalhousehold population 15 years old and over.

f. Employment Rate – refers to the proportion of employed persons to the total labor force.

g. Unemployment Rate – refers to the proportion of unemployed persons to the total labor force.

h. Underemployment Rate – refers to the proportion of underemployed persons to total employed persons.

Starting April 2012 LFS, the codes for industry adopted the 2009 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC). Prior to this, codes for industry used the 1994 PSIC.

Question on vocational course was introduced in the April 2012 Labor Force Survey (LFS) questionnaire.

Starting April 2016 round, the LFS adopted the 2013 Master Sample Design, with a sample size of approximately 45,000 households.

The 2012 Philippine Standard Occupational Classification (PSOC) was adopted starting April 2016. The 1992 PSOC had been used prior to April 2016.

Starting with the April 2016 LFS round, the population projections based on the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (2010 CPH) was adopted to generate the labor force statistics.

Overseas Filipino Workers are not considered part of the labor force in the Philippines. Hence, in the LFS, data on economic characteristics of household members who are overseas workers are not collected. In LFS reports, they are excluded in the estimation of the size of working population, that is, population aged 15 years and older, and in the estimation of the labor force.

 

(Sgd) HJI. RAZULDEN A. MANGELEN, MPA, MDM
(Chief Statistical Specialist)
Officer-in-Charge
RSSO-ARMM