Q2 2020 Farmgate Price Situationer of Selected Agricultural Commodities in BARMM
The average farmgate price of Cereals increased by PhP5.97 per kilogram between the second quarters of 2019 and 2020.
• Farmgate prices of all Cereal commodities in the region, except for Green Corn (Maize, green), White, decreased during this period.
• On the other hand, Green Corn (Maize, green), White increased by PhP3.09/kg.
Table 1. Farmgate Price of Cereals in BARMM, by Commodity: Q2 2019 – Q2 2020 (in PhP/kg)
Rootcrops in BARMM has an average farmgate price of PhP23.18 per kilogram during the second quarter of 2020. This is 16.25 percent higher than that of the second quarter of the previous year.
• AAmong the three Rootcrop commodities in the region, Cassavvva, fresh tubers for food recorded the highest farmgate price during this period. It costs PhP28.07 per kilogram during the second quarter of 2020. This is 74.89 percent higher than that of the previous year.
• Farmgate prices of Gabi Cebu, for ginataan [Taro (Cocoyam)] and Sweet Potato decreased by 3.66 percent and 6.70 percent, respectively.
3. Beans and Legumes
The average farmgate price of Beans and Legumes in the region in the second quarter of 2020 is PhP28.21 per kilogram. This is 25.09 percent lower than the average farmgate price of these commodities in the second quarter of the previous year which is PhP37.66 per kilogram.
• Among the five commodities of Beans and Legumes in BARMM during this period, Peanut with shell, dry had the highest price. It costs PhP37.51 per kilogram, which is 0.04 percent or PhP0.01 lower than its farmgate price in the second quarter of the previous year.
• Farmgate price of Peanut with shell, fresh and Stringbeans also decreased by 24.87 percent and 0.78 percent, respectively.
Condiments in BARMM has an average farmgate price of PhP226.70 per kilogram during the fourth quarter of 2019. This is 9.09 percent or PhP18.89 higher than its farmgate price in the fourth quarter of the previous year.
• Farmgate prices of all Condiments increased during this period. However, there was no data for Onion Leeks, Pepper Black and Pepper finger, green in Q2 2020.
• Pepper Bell, red and green posted the highest farmgate price during this period. It costs at PhP5150.00 per kilogram. This is higher by 61.48 percent or by PhP57.11 as compared with its previous price.
5. Fruit Vegetables
The average farmgate price per kilogram of Fruit Vegetables in BARMM decreased by 18.70 percent or by PhP3.99 in the second quarter of 2020.
• Ampalaya [Bitter gourd] recorded the highest price per kilogram during the second quarter of 2020, that is PhP31.89 per kilogram. However, this price decreased by 27.51 percent or by PhP12.10 in this period, from the PhP43.99 per kilogram farmgate price in the second quarter of 2019.
• Tomato is sold at farmgate price of PhP21.04 per kilogram during the second quarter of 2020. This is 25.41 percent lower than its price in the previous year of the same quarter. Moreover, farmgate price of Eggplant long, purple and Eggplant native, round also decreased by 3.94 percent and 30.67 percent, respectively.
6. Leafy Vegetables
The average farmgate price per kilogram of Leafy Vegetables in BARMM decreased by 8.85 percent or PhP1.69 in the second quarter of 2020.
• Kangkong [Morning glory] had the highest farmgate price per kilogram among the Leafy Vegetable commodities in BARMM. It is sold at PhP17.74 per kilogram in the second quarter of 2020, which is 9.00 percent lower or PhP1.75 less than its farmgate price in 2019.
• Farmgate price of Pechay native also decreased by 15.76 percent during this period.
Fruits in BARMM posted a 24.17 percent decrease in its average farmgate price during the second quarter of 2020. This is PhP5.71 less than its average farmgate price in the previous year of the same period.
• Banana Lakatan, green posted the highest farmgate price during this period. It costs PhP27.35 per kilogram in the second quarter of 2020. It increased by 16.02 percent. Farmgate prices of Banana Bungulan, green and Banana Latundan, green also increased during this period. On the other hand, Banana Saba, green posted a 10.21 percent decrease.
• Farmgate prices of all mango varieties decreased during this period by 3.65 percent for Mango Carabao, green; 2.41 percent for Mango Indian, green and 21.70 percent for Mango, Other Variety.
• Farmgate prices of Papaya Hawaiian and Papaya solo decreased by 16.39 percent and 69.32 percent, respectively; while that of Papaya native increased by PhP0.26/kg.
• Moreover, farmgate prices Avocado and Jackfruit, ripe decreased by 5.44 percent and 30.19 percent, respectively. Calamansi posted a positive 11.25 percent change in its farmgate price.
8. Commercial Crops
The average farmgate price per kilogram of Commercial Crops in BARMM decreased by 14.28 percent or by PhP6.06 between the second quarters of 2019 and 2020.
• There are three Coffee varieties in BARMM. These are Coffee Arabica, dry beans; Coffee Excelsa, dry beans; and Coffee Robusta, dry beans. Farmgate prices of Arabica and Excelsa decreased, while there was no data on farmgate price of Robusta during this period.
• Farmgate price of Abaca increased by 0.16 percent or by PhP0.10 per kilogram.
• Copra Corriente is sold at PhP17.29 per kilogram during the second period of 2020. This is 0.56 percent higher or PhP0.10 more than its farmgate price in the previous year.
9. Livestock and Poultry (Backyard)
Farmgate prices of all Livestock and Poultry commodities in BARMM increased during the second quarter of 2020.
• Chicken Native/Improved posted a positive growth rate of 2.81 percent or additional PhP4.11 per head during this period.
• Duck for meat is sold at PhP253.06 per kilogram during the second quarter of 2020. This is 33.07 percent higher than its farmgate price in the previous year.
• Farmgate price of Goat for Slaughter decreased by 21.90 percent or by PhP40.72 per kilogram.
• In the second quarter of 2020, Cattle for Slaughter is sold at PhP163.10 per kilogram, that is 19.37 percent higher than the previous period.
NOTE: All regional estimates discussed in this article is exclusive for the original ARMM territory only. ARMM legally does not exist as of writing, thus the term BARMM is used to avoid confusion among the readers.
The Farm Prices Survey (FPS) is a nationwide household-based survey designed to generate estimates of farmgate or producers’ prices. It contains information on prices received by producers at the first point of sale.
The outputs of the Farm Prices Survey are used in the periodic valuation of the outputs produced by the agricultural sector. Similarly, these are inputs to the development of price indices to measure the purchasing power of growers of selected agricultural products. Maintenance of farmgate prices will likewise provide needed inputs a) to analyze trends and variations in prices; b) forecasting future supply, demand and prices of agricultural commodities; c) to assist policy makers in the formulation, implementation and administration of economic programs, and d) to guide farmers/raisers in their decision making relative to their agricultural activities geared towards improvement of their profitability.
The survey is conducted during the last 10 days of the month in all the provinces of the country covering days 1 to 30 of the reporting month. Each province has a basket of FPS commodities.
The following activities are undertaken to monitor and sustain quality of data collected for Farm Prices Survey (FPS):
- consistency check through review of entries relative to the provincial FPS basket and trading matrix; and
- non-sampling errors are monitored and minimized by reviewing PO forms/questionnaires.