Q2 2020 Livestock Production and Inventory in BARMM
Livestock production in BARMM decreased by 28.39 percent in Q2 2020
The total livestock production in BARMM decreased by 28.39 percent in the second quarter of 2020, from 7,198.00 metric tons (MT) in the second quarter of 2020 to 5,154.23 MT. This was brought by the decrease in all animal types by the corresponding negative growth rates of 25.08 percent for Carabao, 46.21 percent for Cattle, 8.02 percent for Hog and 27.63 percent for Goat.
Hog contributes 34.90 percent of the total livestock production in BARMM
Hog production comprised 41.92 percent of the total livestock production in BARMM in the second quarter of 2020, which was the highest during this period. This was followed by Cattle and Carabao with percentage shares of 30.81 percent and 18.68 percent, respectively. Moreover, Goat recorded the lowest percentage share of 8.59 percent during this period.
Livestock inventory in BARMM increased by 9.50 percent as of 01 July 2020
The total livestock inventory in BARMM increased by 9.50 percent, from 419,328 heads as of 01 July 2019 to 459,149 heads as of 01 July 2020. Inventory in all provinces also increased during this period.
Lanao del Sur recorded the highest livestock inventory in the region during this period. The province comprised 31.31 percent of the total inventory, that is 164,751 heads as of 01 July 2020. This was followed by Basilan and Maguindanao comprising 28.28 percent and 24.48 percent of the regional estimate, respectively; while the remaining corresponding shares of 10.09 percent and 5.85 percent were in Sulu and Tawi-Tawi.
Goat recorded the highest inventory in BARMM as of 01 July 2020
Goat inventory which comprised 42.06 percent of the total regional estimate recorded the highest level of livestock inventory in BARMM. There were 193,104 heads of Goat during the reference period. This was 11.44 percent higher than the inventory as of 01 July 2019. This was followed by Carabao, Cattle and Swine which contributed the corresponding shares of 27.04 percent, 19.23 percent and 11.67 percent.
NOTE: All regional estimates discussed in this article is exclusive for the original ARMM territory only. However, ARMM legally does not exist as of writing, thus the term BARMM is used to avoid confusion among the readers.
This statistical report covers four (4) livestock (cattle, carabao, goat and swine) commodities.
The data on these commodities include: volume of production (in metric tons), number of animals slaughtered (in head) and inventory of animals (in head).
The data on inventory and volume of production are taken from the regular surveys conducted by PSA. The Backyard Livestock and Poultry Survey (BLPS) covers one (1) of the four (4) replicate samples of the Palay and Corn Production Survey (PCPS). It consists of 15,069 sample households in 1,051 sample barangays nationwide for Carabao, Cattle, Goat and Swine.
To supplement the statistical data on livestock sector obtained from the said survey, Compilation of Data from Slaughterhouses and Poultry Dressing Plants (CDSPDP) is also done. The CDSPDP covers around 1,387 Accredited (AAA and AA) and Locally Registered Meat Establishments (LRMEs) nationwide. These data are compiled from the administrative records of the National Meat Inspection Service (NMIS) and the Local Government Units (LGUs).
Concepts and Definitions
Backyard Farm – any farm or household, whether farming or non-farming, tending at least one head of animal and does not qualify as a commercial farm.
Inventory – the actual number of domesticated animals present in the farm as of a specific reference date.
- Beginning inventory is the number of live animals present in the farm at the beginning of the reference period, i.e. for January to June 2016, the beginning inventory is as of January 1, 2016; for January to March the beginning inventory is as of January 1.
- Ending inventory is the number of live animals/remaining stocks present in the farm at the end of the reference period, i.e. for January to June 2016, the ending inventory is as of July 1, 2016; for January to March, the remaining inventory is as of April 1.
Locally Registered Meat Establishment (LRME) – slaughterhouse, meat processing plants, meat cutting plants and cold storages that are allowed to operate by the city/municipal government but are not accredited by NMIS.
Slaughterhouses (SH) – premises that are approved and registered by the NMIS and LGUs in which food animals are slaughtered for human consumption.
Slaughtered in Slaughterhouses – the number of animals slaughtered in accredited (AAA, AA, A) slaughterhouses including number of animals slaughtered in LRMEs.
Volume of Production – the quantity of locally-raised animals disposed for slaughter which includes animals shipped-out for slaughter. This is expressed in number of heads, or in metric ton, liveweight equivalent.