2019 Employment Situation in BARMM

February 26, 2020Special Release Ref No.: SR-BARMM-20-047

More than half of the population 15 years old and over in BARMM are in the labor force

More than half or 52.36 percent of the total population 15 years old and over in BARMM were in the labor force in 2019. The level of labor force participation of the working-age population in BARMM increased by 5.81 percentage points from the previous estimate in 2018 which recorded only 46.55 percent labor force participation rate (LFPR). BARMM recorded the lowest LFPR during this period. The region’s LFPR is lower than the national estimate which is 61.28 percent.

Figure 1. Labor Force Participation Rate in the Philippines, by Region: 2018 and 2019
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Most of the economically active population in BARMM are employed

About 93.42 percent of the working-age population who were economically active or those who belong to the labor force in BARMM are employed in 2019. This estimate is 2.83 percentage points lower than that of the previous year. BARMM’s employment rate is lower than the national estimate which is 94.94 percent.

Figure 2. Employment Rate in the Philippines, by Region: 2018 and 2019
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Unemployment rate of BARMM increased by 2.83 percentage points

The unemployment rate of BARMM increased by 2.83 percentage points, that is from 3.75 percent in 2018 to 6.58 percent in 2019. BARMM’s unemployment rate was higher than that of the national estimate which was 5.06 percent.

Figure 3. Unemployment Rate in the Philippines, by Region: 2018 and 2019
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

TECHNICAL NOTES

The Labor Force Survey (LFS) is a nationwide quarterly survey conducted by the National Statistics Office (NSO).

The reference period used in the survey is the past seven (7) days preceding the date of visit of the enumerator. The number of sample households was 51,000.

The concepts and definitions used in the survey can be found in the regular NSO-ISH Bulletins. Some are given below:

a. Labor Force - refers to the population 15 years old and over who contribute to the production of goods and services in the country. It comprises the employed and unemployed.

b. Employed - consists of persons in the labor force who are reported either as at work or with a job or business although not at work. Persons at work are those who did some work, even for an hour during the reference period.

c. Unemployed - consists of persons in the labor force who are reported as (1) without work; and (2) currently available for work; and (3) seeking work or not seeking work because of the belief that no work is available, or awaiting results of previous job application, or because of temporary illness or disability, bad weather or waiting for rehire or job recall.

Note: The new definition of unemployed was adopted starting April 2005 per NSCB Resolution No. 15 dated October 20, 2004.

The old definition of unemployed considered only two criteria:

1) Without work and looking for work; or

2) Without work and not looking for work due to valid reasons.

d. Underemployed - refers to the employed persons who express the desire to have additional hours of work in their present job or an additional job, or have a new job with longer working hours.

e. Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) - proportion of total labor force to the total household population 15 years and over.

f. Employment Rate - proportion of employed persons to the total labor force.

g. Unemployment Rate - proportion of unemployed persons to the total labor force

h. Underemployment Rate - proportion of underemployed persons to total employed persons.

Starting with the July 2003 round, the quarterly Labor Force Survey uses the 2003 Master Sample Design. Using this new master sample design, the number of samples increased from 41,000 to around 51,000 sample households.

The province of Basilan is now under Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao while Isabela City (Basilan) is under Region IX, in accordance with Executive Order No. 36.

The 1992 four-digit code for Philippine Standard Occupational Classification (PSOC) and 1994 Philippine Standard Industry Classification (PSIC) were used in classifying occupation and industry, respectively.

Starting with the January 2007 LFS round, the population projections based on the 2000 Census of Population has been adopted to generate the labor force statistics. This is in compliance with NSCB Resolution No. 1 series of 2005 entitled Adoption of the Methodology Used in Generating the 2000 Census of Population and Housing-Based National Population Projections.

 

(Sgd) HJI. RAZULDEN A. MANGELEN, MPA, MDM
(Chief Statistical Specialist)
Officer-in-Charge
RSSO-ARMM