2019 Marine Municipal Fisheries Production in BARMM
Marine municipal fisheries production in BARMM increased by 6.66 percent
The total volume production of BARMM for marine municipal fisheries increased by 6.66 percent in 2019, that is from 96,478.97 metric tons (MT) in the previous year to 102,907.39 MT. Production in Basilan, Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao and Tawi-Tawi increased by 2.67 percent, 32.70 percent, 2.51 percent and 5.76 percent, respectively. On the other hand, production in Sulu decreased by 0.45 percent.
Tawi-Tawi recorded the highest volume of production of marine municipal fisheries in the region during this period. The province contributed 51.98 percent of the total regional production. This was followed by Sulu with 21.07 percent share, while Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao and Basilan contributed the remaining 12.79 percent, 7.57 percent and 6.60 percent, respectively.
Top 10 species comprised 61.47 percent of the total marine municipal fisheries production
About 61.47 percent of the total marine municipal fisheries production in BARMM was composed of the top 10 species in 2019. Yellowfin tuna (Tambakol/Bariles) posted the highest level of production in the region during this period. Its production increased by 10.16 percent between 2018 and 2019. This was followed by Big-eyed scad (Matangbaka), Frigate tuna (Tulingan), Roundscad (Galunggong) and Indian mackerel (Alumahan).
Value of production of marine municipal fisheries increased by 12.36 percent
The value of production of marine municipal fisheries in BARMM increased by 12.36 percent in 2019, that is from PhP5,475,826.25 thousand in the previous year to PhP6,152,870.60 thousand. Value of production in Basilan, Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao and Tawi-Tawi increased by corresponding growth rates of 0.46 percent, 52.50 percent, 4.43 percent and 6.66 percent. On the other hand, value of production in Sulu decreased by 0.33 percent.
Tawi-Tawi contributed 44.50 percent of the total value of marine municipal fisheries production of the region in 2019. It was valued at PhP2,737,820.63 thousand which is 6.66 percent higher than the estimate in the previous period. This was followed by the value of production of Lanao del Sur, Sulu, Maguindanao and Basilan with corresponding percentage shares of 22.18 percent, 14.61 percent, 14.59 percent and 4.12 percent.
Top 10 species contributed 61.00 percent of the total value of marine municipal fisheries production
Top 10 species in terms of total value of marine municipal fisheries production contributed 61.00 percent of the total region estimate in 2019. Yellowfin tuna (Tambakol/Bariles) posted the highest value of production. It was followed by Big-eyed scad (Matangbaka), Frigate tuna (Tulingan), Indian mackerel (Alumahan) and Roundscad (Galunggong).
The Fisheries Production Survey of the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) is divided into four (4) major fisheries surveys. These are the Quarterly Commercial Fisheries Survey (QCFS), Quarterly Marine municipal Fisheries Survey (QMFS), Quarterly Inland Fisheries Survey (QIFS) and Quarterly Aquaculture Survey (QAqS). The commercial and marine municipal fisheries surveys aim to provide quarterly data on volume and value of fish production by species, by region and by province. The aquaculture surveys are intended to generate quarterly data on volume and value of cultured species by environment, by type of aquafarm, by region and by province.
The survey on commercial fisheries production covered 57 provinces and cities. For marine municipal fisheries and aquaculture surveys 81 provinces and cities were covered.
The sampling frames for the surveys of commercial and marine municipal fisheries were established in 2000 through a nationwide listing of landing centers (LCs). Updating of the lists was conducted over the years. The designed used was a two-stage stratified random sampling with the landing centers as the first-stage sampling units and fishing boats as the first stage sampling units. The landing centers were stratified based on volume of fish unloaded. The province was the domain of the survey. Inland marine municipal fisheries included fishing in inland waters such as lakes, rivers, dams, marshes, swamps, etc. Household engaged in inland fishing was the unit of enumeration. For aquaculture survey, the lists of brackish water fishponds, freshwater fishponds, freshwater fish pens/fish cages, marine fish pens/ fish cages, oyster/mussel and seaweed farms by province served as the sampling frames.
Concept/s and Definition:
Fisheries – all activities relating to the act or business of fishing, culturing, preserving, processing, marketing, developing, conserving and managing aquatic resources and the fishery areas including the privilege to fish or take aquatic resources thereof (RA 8550).
Fisheries Sector – the sector engaged in the production, growing, harvesting, processing, marketing, developing, conserving and managing of aquatic resources and fishing areas.
Fishing – the taking of fishery species from their wild state or habitat with or without the use of fishing vessels.
Fishing Boat – type of watercraft, such as motorized/non-motorized banca, sailboat, motorboat, etc., either licensed or not, used for fishing purposes.
Fishing Gear – any instrument or device and its accessories utilized in taking fish and other fishery species.
Fishing Grounds – areas in any body of water where fish and other aquatic resources congregate and become target of capture.
Inland Marine municipal Fishing – the catching of fish, crustaceans, mollusks and all other aquatic animals and plants in inland water like lakes, rivers, dams, marshes, etc. using simple gears and fishing boats some of which are non-motorized with a capacity of three (3) gross tons or less; or fishing not requiring the use of fishing boats.
Landing Center – place where the fish catch and other aquatic products are unloaded and traded.
Marine – seawater outside the coastal line such as Manila Bay, Visayan Sea, etc
Marine municipal Fishing – covers fishing operation carried out with or without the use of a boat weighing three (3) gross tons or less.
Seawater – inshore and open waters and inland seas in which the salinity generally exceeds 20%.