Q4 2019 Commercial Fisheries Production in BARMM
Commercial fisheries production in BARMM increased by 1.59 percent
The total production of BARMM for commercial fisheries increased by 1.59 percent during the fourth quarter of 2019 (Q42019), that is from 22,972.48 metric tons (MT) in the fourth quarter of the previous year to 23,338.45 MT. Production in all provinces, except for Lanao del Sur, also increased during this period. Basilan, Maguindanao, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi posted corresponding growth rates of 3.02 percent, 5.94 percent, 2.00 percent and 4.10 percent. On the other hand, Lanao del Sur decreased by 25.80 percent.
Irrigated palay in Basilan and Maguindanao by 54.89 percent and 59.86 percent, respectively (Figure 4). On the other hand, production in Lanao del Sur decreased by 12.53 percent, while there was no production in Sulu and Tawi-Tawi during this period.
Sulu recorded the highest production of commercial fisheries in the region during this period. The province contributed 80.88 percent of the total region production. This was followed by Basilan with 15.83 percent share, while Tawi-Tawi, Lanao del Sur and Maguindanao contributed the remaining 1.32 percent, 1.59 percent and 0.38 percent, respectively.
Top 10 species comprised 91.03 percent of the total commercial fisheries production
About 91.03 percent of the total commercial fisheries production in BARMM was composed of the top 10 species during Q4 2019. Roundscad (Galunggong) posted the highest level of production in the region during this period. Its production increased by 0.83 percent between the fourth quarters of 2018 and 2019. This was followed by Eastern little tuna (Bonito), Frigate tuna (Tulingan), Skipjack (Gulyasan) and Bali sardinella (Tamban).
Value of production of commercial fisheries decreased by 0.40 percent
The value of production of commercial fisheries in BARMM decreased by 0.40 percent in the fourth quarter of 2019, that is from PhP898,911.62 thousand in the fourth quarter of the previous year to PhP895,321.50 thousand. The increase in the regional estimate was attributed to the improvement in the value of production in Basilan, Maguindanao, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi which posted positive growth rates of 1.42 percent, 7.62 percent, 0.17 percent and 4.61 percent, respectively.
Sulu contributed 79.75 percent of the total value of commercial fisheries production of the region during the fourth quarter of 2019. It was valued at PhP713,979.74 thousand which is 0.17 percent higher than the estimate in the previous period. This was followed by the value of production of Basilan, Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao and TawiTawi with corresponding percentage shares of 12.44 percent, 44.77 percent, 1.76 percent and 1.28 percent.
Top 10 species contributed 84.49 percent of the total value of commercial fisheries production
Top 10 species in terms of total value of commercial fisheries production contributed 84.49 percent of the total region estimate during the fourth quarter of 2019. Eastern little tuna (Bonito) posted the highest value of production. It was followed by Yellowfin tuna (Tambakol/Bariles), Roundscad (Galunggong), Skipjack (Gulyasan) and Frigate tuna (Tulingan).
• The Fisheries Production Survey of the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) is divided into four (4) major fisheries surveys. These are the Quarterly Commercial Fisheries Survey (QCFS), Quarterly Municipal Fisheries Survey (QMFS), Quarterly Inland Fisheries Survey (QIFS) and Quarterly Aquaculture Survey (QAqS). The commercial and municipal fisheries surveys aim to provide quarterly data on volume and value of fish production by species, by region and by province. The aquaculture surveys are intended to generate quarterly data on volume and value of cultured species by environment, by type of aquafarm, by region and by province
• The survey on commercial fisheries production covered 57 provinces and cities. For municipal fisheries and aquaculture surveys 81 provinces and cities were covered.
• The sampling frames for the surveys of commercial and municipal fisheries were established in 2000 through a nationwide listing of landing centers (LCs). Updating of the lists was conducted over the years. The designed used was a two-stage stratified random sampling with the landing centers as the first-stage sampling units and fishing boats as the second stage sampling units. The landing centers were stratified based on volume of fish unloaded. The province was the domain of the survey. Inland municipal fisheries included fishing in inland waters such as lakes, rivers, dams, marshes, swamps, etc. Household engaged in inland fishing was the unit of enumeration. For aquaculture survey, the lists of brackish water fishponds, freshwater fishponds, freshwater fish pens/fish cages, marine fish pens/ fish cages, oyster/mussel and seaweed farms by province served as the sampling frames.
Concept/s and Definition:
Commercial Fishing – the catching of fish with the use of fishing boats with a capacity of more than three (3) gross tons for trade, business or profit beyond subsistence or sports fishing.
Fisheries – all activities relating to the act or business of fishing, culturing, preserving, processing, marketing, developing, conserving and managing aquatic resources and the fishery areas including the privilege to fish or take aquatic resources thereof (RA 8550).
Fisheries Sector – the sector engaged in the production, growing, harvesting, processing, marketing, developing, conserving and managing of aquatic resources and fishing areas.
Fishing – the taking of fishery species from their wild state or habitat with or without the use of fishing vessels
Fishing Boat – type of watercraft, such as motorized/non-motorized banca, sailboat, motorboat, etc., either licensed or not, used for fishing purposes.
Fishing Gear – any instrument or device and its accessories utilized in taking fish and other fishery species.
Fishing Grounds – areas in any body of water where fish and other aquatic resources congregate and become target of capture.
Landing Center – place where the fish catch and other aquatic products are unloaded and traded.
Seawater – inshore and open waters and inland seas in which the salinity generally exceeds 20%.