Q4 2019 Aquaculture Production in BARMM
Aquaculture production in BARMM increased by 1.84 percent
The total production of BARMM for aquaculture increased by 1.84 percent during the fourth quarter of 2019 (Q4 2019), that is from 198,986.22 metric tons (MT) Q4 2018 to 202,639.37 MT. Production in all provinces, except in Basilan, increased during this period.
Tawi-Tawi recorded the highest production of aquaculture in the region during this period. The province contributed 43.32 percent of the total regional production. This was followed by Sulu with 33.73 percent share.
Seaweeds comprised 95.81 percent of the total aquaculture production
About 95.81 percent of the total aquaculture production in BARMM was composed of seaweeds during Q4 2019. Its production increased by 1.79 percent between the fourth quarters of 2018 and 2019. Moreover, production of all aquaculture species, also increased during this period, including Tilapia and Milkfish with 3.17 percent and 1.87 percent growth rates, respectively.
Value of production of aquaculture increased by 6.25 percent
The value of production of aquaculture in BARMM increased by 6.25 percent in the Q4 2019, that is from PhP2,078,818.33 thousand in the fourth quarter of the previous year to PhP2,208,719.86 thousand. Value of production in all provinces, except in Basilan which decreased by 1.69 percent, also increased during this period.
Maguindanao contributed 58.04 percent of the total value of aquaculture production of the region in Q4 2019. It was valued at PhP1,281,940.65 thousand which is 5.71 percent higher than the estimate in the previous period. This was followed by the value of production of Tawi-Tawi and Sulu with corresponding percentage shares of 24.20 percent and 16.43 percent.
Seaweed contributed 54.02 percent of the total value of aquaculture production
Seaweed contributed 54.02 percent of the total value of regional aquaculture production during the fourth quarter of 2019. Its value increased by 6.14 percent, that is from PhP1,124,182.27 thousand in the previous year to PhP1,193,209.50 thousand in the fourth quarter of 2019. Moreover, value of production of all aquaculture species also increased, including Tilapia and Milkfish which contributed 27.48 percent and 15.68 percent shares to the regional estimate, respectively.
• The Fisheries Production Survey of the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) is divided into four (4) major fisheries surveys. These are the Quarterly Commercial Fisheries Survey (QCFS), Quarterly Municipal Fisheries Survey (QMFS), Quarterly Inland Fisheries Survey (QIFS) and Quarterly Aquaculture Survey (QAqS). The commercial and municipal fisheries surveys aim to provide quarterly data on volume and value of fish production by species, by region and by province. The aquaculture surveys are intended to generate quarterly data on volume and value of cultured species by environment, by type of aquafarm, by region and by province.
• The survey on commercial fisheries production covered 57 provinces and cities. For municipal fisheries and aquaculture surveys 81 provinces and cities were covered.
The sampling frames for the surveys of commercial and municipal fisheries were established in 2000 through a nationwide listing of landing centers (LCs). Updating of the lists was conducted over the years. The designed used was a two-stage stratified random sampling with the landing centers as the first-stage sampling units and fishing boats as the second stage sampling units. The landing centers were stratified based on volume of fish unloaded. The province was the domain of the survey. Inland municipal fisheries included fishing in inland waters such as lakes, rivers, dams, marshes, swamps, etc. Household engaged in inland fishing was the unit of enumeration. For aquaculture survey, the lists of brackish water fishponds, freshwater fishponds, freshwater fish pens/fish cages, marine fish pens/ fish cages, oyster/mussel and seaweed farms by province served as the sampling frames.
Concept/s and Definition:
Fisheries – all activities relating to the act or business of fishing, culturing, preserving, processing, marketing, developing, conserving and managing aquatic resources and the fishery areas including the privilege to fish or take aquatic resources thereof (RA 8550).
Fisheries Sector – the sector engaged in the production, growing, harvesting, processing, marketing, developing, conserving and managing of aquatic resources and fishing areas.
Fishing – the taking of fishery species from their wild state or habitat with or without the use of fishing vessels.
Fishing Boat – type of watercraft, such as motorized/non-motorized banca, sailboat, motorboat, etc., either licensed or not, used for fishing purposes
Fishing Gear – any instrument or device and its accessories utilized in taking fish and other fishery species.
Fishing Grounds – areas in any body of water where fish and other aquatic resources congregate and become target of capture
Inland Municipal Fishing – the catching of fish, crustaceans, mollusks and all other aquatic animals and plants in inland water like lakes, rivers, dams, marshes, etc. using simple gears and fishing boats some of which are non-motorized with a capacity of three (3) gross tons or less; or fishing not requiring the use of fishing boats.
Landing Center – place where the fish catch and other aquatic products are unloaded and traded
Municipal Fishing – covers fishing operation carried out with or without the use of a boat weighing three (3) gross tons or less.
Seawater – inshore and open waters and inland seas in which the salinity generally exceeds 20%.