Q4 2019 Palay Production in BARMM

February 4, 2020Special Release Ref No.: SR-BARMM-19-004

Palay production in BARMM decreased by 6.54 percent in Q4 2019

The total palay production in BARMM decreased by 6.54 percent in the fourth quarter of 2019 (Q4 2019) to 162,531.15 metric tons (MT) from the 173,896.36 MT production in during the same period in the previous year. More than half or 67.93 percent of palay in the region during this period was produced in Maguindanao, while 31.52 percent was produced in Lanao del Sur (Figure 1). The remaining less than one percent was produced by Basilan and Tawi-Tawi, while there is no production recorded in Sulu during the said period. Palay production Basilan, Maguindanao and Tawi-Tawi increased by corresponding rates of 42.92 percent, 19.38 percent and 11.26 percent. On the other hand, production in Lanao del Sur decreased by 36.58 percent, while there was no production recorded in Sulu during this period (Figure 2).

Figure 1. Percent Distribution of Palay Production in BARMM, by Province: Q4 2019
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority
Figure 2. Volume of Palay Production in BARMM, by Province: Q4 2018 – Q4 2019 (in Metric Tons)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Most of palay in BARMM was produced in rainfed farms

About 74.15 percent of the total palay production in BARMM in Q4 2019 was produced in rainfed farms, while the remaining 25.85 percent was from irrigated farms (Figure 3). Production in rainfed farms decreased by 15.40 percent; while production of irrigated palay increased by 33.62 percent.

Figure 3. Percent Distribution of Palay Production in BARMM, by Farmtype: Q4 2019
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Irrigated palay in Basilan and Maguindanao by 54.89 percent and 59.86 percent, respectively (Figure 4). On the other hand, production in Lanao del Sur decreased by 12.53 percent, while there was no production in Sulu and Tawi-Tawi during this period.

Figure 4. Volume of Irrigated Palay Production in BARMM, by Province: Q4 2018 – Q4 2019 (in Metric Tons)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Production of rainfed palay in BARMM decreased by 15.40 percent. The same trend was recorded in the production in Lanao del Sur which decreased by 40.52 percent; while production in Basilan and Maguindanao increased by 6.75 percent and 8.47 percent, respectively (Figure 5).

Figure 5. Volume of Rainfed Palay Production in BARMM, by Province: Q4 2018 – Q4 2019 (in Metric Tons)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

TECHNICAL NOTES

Palay and Corn Production Survey

Palay Production Survey and Corn Production Survey (PPS and CPS) are some of the major agricultural surveys conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA). These generate estimates and forecasts on palay and corn production, area and yield and other productionrelated data that serve as inputs for policy making and programs on palay/rice.

Definition of Terms:

Palay Household – the sample household operates an agricultural land, whole or part of which is palay area within the nine-month period, or the land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production. Specifically, any of the following conditions must be satisfied:

a.Household harvested palay during the reference quarter;
b. Household has standing palay crop in the farm;
c. Household intends to plant within the succeeding quarter; and
d. The land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production.

Non-Palay Household – household operates an agricultural land which is not intended for/devoted to palay production, i.e., zero palay production, no standing palay crop and planting intention.

 Corn Household – the sample household operates an agricultural land, whole or part of which is corn area within the nine-month period, or the land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production. Specifically, any of the following conditions must be satisfied:

a. Household harvested corn during the reference quarter;
b. Household has standing corn crop in the farm;
c. Household intends to plant within the succeeding quarter; and
d. The land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to corn production.

Non-Corn Household – household operates an agricultural land which is not intended for/devoted to corn production, i.e., zero corn production, no standing corn crop and planting intention.

Technical Notes:

Production refers to the quantity produced and actually harvested for a particular crop during the reference period. For palay and corn, harvest area refers to the actual area harvested/to be harvested during the reference quarter. Estimates and forecasts of production and harvest area of palay and corn are generated from the Quarterly Palay and Corn Production Survey (PCPS) of which there are four survey rounds in a year that is January, April, July and October. The following are the data taken from these surveys:

a. Production estimates of the previous quarter for each survey round;
b. Forecast one quarter ahead based on the standing crop; and
c.Forecast two quarters ahead based on planning intentions.

 

(Sgd) HJI. RAZULDEN A. MANGELEN, MPA, MDM
(Chief Statistical Specialist)
Officer-in-Charge
RSSO-ARMM