Q3 2019 Corn Area Harvested in BARMM

December 9, 2019Special Release Ref No.: SR-ARMM-19-049

Area harvested for corn in BARMM increased by 23.90 percent in Q3 2019

The total area harvested for corn in BARMM increased by 23.90 percent in the third quarter of 2019 to 125,852.00 hectares (ha) from the 101,572.00 ha during the same period in the previous year. More than half or 52.89 percent of corn area harvested in the region during this period was in Lanao del Sur, while 46.58 percent was in Maguindanao (Figure 1). About one percent remaining area was in Basilan, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi.

Figure 1. Percent Distribution of Corn Area Harvested in BARMM, by Province: Q3 2019
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Area harvested for Lanao del Sur increased by 57.13 percent, while area harvested for corn in Basilan and Sulu decreased by corresponding rates of 94.00 percent and 10.62 percent. On the other hand, there is no significant change observed in Maguindanao and there is no production in Tawi-Tawi in the third quarter of 2018 (Figure 2).

Figure 2. Corn Area Harvested in BARMM, by Province: Q3 2018 – Q3 2019 (in Hectares)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Most of corn area harvested in BARMM was for white corn

About 60.51 percent of the total corn area harvested in BARMM in Q3 2019 was for white corn, while the remaining 39.49 percent was for yellow corn (Figure 3). Area harvested for white corn and yellow corn increased by 23.84 percent and 24.01 percent, respectively.

Figure 3. Corn Area Harvested in BARMM, by Farmtype: Q3 2019
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Area harvested for white corn in Basilan, Maguindanao and Sulu decreased 94.00 percent, 8.37 percent and 10.62 percent, respectively (Figure 4). On the other hand, area harvested in Lanao del Sur increased by 49.87 percent; while there is no production recorded in Tawi-Tawi in the third quarter of the previous year.

Figure 4. Area Harvested for White Corn in BARMM, by Province: Q3 2018 – Q3 2019 (in Hectares)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Area harvested for yellow corn in Lanao del Sur and Maguindanao increased by 85.76 percent and 7.20 percent, respectively. Moreover, there was no production recorded in Basilan, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi for yellow corn during the period.

Figure 5. Volume of Rainfed Palay Production in BARMM, by Province: Q3 2018 – Q3 2019 (in Hectares)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

TECHNICAL NOTES

Palay and Corn Production Survey

Palay Production Survey and Corn Production Survey (PPS and CPS) are some of the major agricultural surveys conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA). These generate estimates and forecasts on palay and corn production, area and yield and other production-related data that serve as inputs for policy making and programs on palay/rice.

Definition of Terms:

Palay Household – the sample household operates an agricultural land, whole or part of which is palay area within the nine-month period, or the land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production. Specifically, any of the following conditions must be satisfied:

a. Household harvested palay during the reference quarter;
b. Household has standing palay crop in the farm;
c. Household intends to plant within the succeeding quarter; and
d. The land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production.

Non-Palay Household – household operates an agricultural land which is not intended for/devoted to palay production, i.e., zero palay production, no standing palay crop and planting intention.

Corn Household – the sample household operates an agricultural land, whole or part of which is corn area within the nine-month period, or the land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production. Specifically, any of the following conditions must be satisfied:

a. Household harvested corn during the reference quarter;
b. Household has standing corn crop in the farm;
c. Household intends to plant within the succeeding quarter; and
d. The land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to corn production.

Non-Corn Household – household operates an agricultural land which is not intended for/devoted to palay production, i.e., zero palay production, no standing palay crop and planting intention.

TECHNICAL NOTES:

Production refers to the quantity produced and actually harvested for a particular crop during the reference period. For palay and corn, harvest area refers to the actual area harvested/to be harvested during the reference quarter. Estimates and forecasts of production and harvest area of palay and corn are generated from the Quarterly Palay and Corn Production Survey (PCPS) of which there are four survey rounds in a year that is January, April, July and October. The following are the data taken from these surveys:

a. Production estimates of the previous quarter for each survey round;
b. Forecast one quarter ahead based on the standing crop; and
c. Forecast two quarters ahead based on planning intentions.

 

(Sgd) HJI. RAZULDEN A. MANGELEN, MPA, MDM
(Chief Statistical Specialist)
Officer-in-Charge
RSSO-ARMM