Q3 2019 Corn Production in BARMM

December 9, 2019Special Release Ref No.: SR-ARMM-19-048

Corn production in BARMM increased by 39.57 percent in Q3 2019

The total corn production in BARMM increased by 39.57 percent in the third quarter of 2019 to 434,502.00 metric tons (MT) from the 311,319.00 MT production in the same period in the previous year. More than half or 53.94 percent of corn in the region during this period was produced in Maguindanao, while 45.91 percent was produced in Lanao del Sur (Figure 1). The remaining less than one percent was produced by Sulu, Basilan and Tawi-Tawi.

Figure 1. Percent Distribution of Corn Production in BARMM, by Province: Q3 2019
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Corn production in Lanao del Sur and Maguindanao increased by 85.15 percent and 15.45 percent, respectively. On the other hand, production in Basilan and Sulu decreased by corresponding rates of 97.78 percent and 14.42 percent; while there is no production in Tawi-Tawi in the third quarter of the previous year (Figure 2).

Figure 2. Volume of Corn Production in BARMM, by Province: Q3 2018 – Q3 2019 (in Metric Tons)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

More than half of corn produced in BARMM was White Corn

About 51.21 percent of the total corn production in BARMM in Q3 2019 was white corn, while the remaining 48.79 percent was yellow corn (Figure 3). Production of white corn increased by 24.65 percent; while yellow corn increased by 59.61 percent.

Figure 3. Percent Distribution of Corn Production in BARMM, by Croptype: Q3 2019
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

More than half or 59.17 percent of white corn production in BARMM was produced in Lanao del Sur, while Maguindanao contributed 40.54 percent (Figure 4). Production in Lanao del Sur and Maguindanao increased 45.70 percent and 3.01 percent, respectively. On the other hand, production in Basilan and Sulu decreased by 97.78 percent and 14.42 percent; while there is no production in Tawi-Tawi in the previous year (Figure 5).

Figure 4. Percent Distribution of White Corn Production in BARMM, by Province: Q3 2019
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

 

Figure 5. Volume of White Corn Production in BARMM, by Province: Q3 2018 – Q3 2019 (in Metric Tons)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Only Maguindanao and Lanao del Sur had production of yellow corn in Q3 2019, producing 68.00 percent and 32.00 percent, respectively. Production in Lanao del Sur increased by 290.18 percent, while Maguindanao recorded 24.88 percent increase in Q3 2019.

Figure 6. Percent Distribution of Yellow Corn Production in BARMM, by Province: Q3 2019
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

 

Figure 7. Volume of Yellow Production in BARMM, by Province: Q3 2018 – Q3 2019 (in Metric Tons)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

TECHNICAL NOTES

Palay and Corn Production Survey

Palay Production Survey and Corn Production Survey (PPS and CPS) are some of the major agricultural surveys conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA). These generate estimates and forecasts on palay and corn production, area and yield and other production-related data that serve as inputs for policy making and programs on palay/rice.

Definition of Terms:

Palay Household – the sample household operates an agricultural land, whole or part of which is palay area within the nine-month period, or the land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production. Specifically, any of the following conditions must be satisfied:

a. Household harvested palay during the reference quarter;
b. Household has standing palay crop in the farm;
c. Household intends to plant within the succeeding quarter; and
d. The land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production.

Non-Palay Household – household operates an agricultural land which is not intended for/devoted to palay production, i.e., zero palay production, no standing palay crop and planting intention.

Corn Household – the sample household operates an agricultural land, whole or part of which is corn area within the nine-month period, or the land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production. Specifically, any of the following conditions must be satisfied:

a. Household harvested corn during the reference quarter;
b. Household has standing corn crop in the farm;
c. Household intends to plant within the succeeding quarter; and
d. The land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to corn production.

Non-Corn Household – household operates an agricultural land which is not intended for/devoted to corn production, i.e., zero corn production, no standing corn crop and planting intention.

Production refers to the quantity produced and actually harvested for a particular crop during the reference period. For palay and corn, harvest area refers to the actual area harvested/to be harvested during the reference quarter. Estimates and forecasts of production and harvest area of palay and corn are generated from the Quarterly Palay and Corn Production Survey (PCPS) of which there are four survey rounds in a year that is January, April, July and October. The following are the data taken from these surveys:

a. Production estimates of the previous quarter for each survey round;
b. Forecast one quarter ahead based on the standing crop; and
c. Forecast two quarters ahead based on planning intentions.

 

(Sgd) HJI. RAZULDEN A. MANGELEN, MPA, MDM
(Chief Statistical Specialist)
Officer-in-Charge
RSSO-ARMM