Q2 2019 Corn Area Harvested in ARMM

September 10, 2019Special Release Ref No.: SR-ARMM-19-036

Area harvested for corn in ARMM increased by 0.30 percent in Q2 2019

The total area harvested for corn in ARMM increased by 0.30 percent in the second quarter of 2019 to 52,015.00 hectares (ha) from the 51,857.00 ha during the same period in the previous year. More than half or 52.63 percent of corn area harvested in the region during this period was in Maguindanao, while 46.05 percent was in Lanao del Sur (Figure 1). About one percent remaining area was in Basilan, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi.  except in Basilan which recorded 70.88 percent decrease in 2018 (Figure 2).

Figure 1. Percent Distribution of Corn Area Harvested in ARMM, by Province: Q2 2019 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Area harvested for Lanao del Sur increased by 0.06 percent, while area harvested for corn in Basilan, Maguindanao and Sulu decreased by corresponding rates of 73.33 percent, 0.04 percent and 8.48 percent. On the other hand, there is no production in Tawi-Tawi in the second quarter of 2018 (Figure 2).

Figure 2. Corn Area Harvested in ARMM, by Province: Q2 2018 – Q2 2019 (in Hectares) 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Most of corn area harvested in ARMM was for white corn

About 76.22 percent of the total corn area harvested in ARMM in Q2 2019 were for white corn, while the remaining 23.78 percent were for yellow corn (Figure 3). Area harvested for white corn and yellow corn increased by 0.38 percent and 0.05 percent, respectively.

Figure 3. Corn Area Harvested in ARMM, by Farmtype: Q2 2019 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Area harvested for white corn in Basilan, Maguindanao and Sulu decreased 73.33 percent, 0.03 percent and 8.48 percent, respectively (Figure 4). On the other hand, area harvested in Lanao del Sur has no significant change; while there is no production recorded in Tawi-Tawi in the second quarter of the previous year.

Figure 4. Area Harvested for White Corn in ARMM, by Province: Q2 2018 – Q2 2019 (in Hectares)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Area harvested for yellow corn in Lanao del Sur increased by 2.31 percent; while production in Maguindanao decreased by 0.07 percent. Moreover, there was no production recorded in Basilan, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi for yellow corn during the period.

Figure 5. Volume of Rainfed Palay Production in ARMM, by Province: Q2 2018 – Q2 2019 (in Hectares)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority
 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Palay and Corn Production Survey

Palay Production Survey and Corn Production Survey (PPS and CPS) are some of the major agricultural surveys conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA). These generate estimates and forecasts on palay and corn production, area and yield and other production-related data that serve as inputs for policy making and programs on palay/rice.

Definition of Terms:

Palay Household – the sample household operates an agricultural land, whole or part of which is palay area within the nine-month period, or the land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production. Specifically, any of the following conditions must be satisfied:

a. Household harvested palay during the reference quarter;
b. Household has standing palay crop in the farm;
c. Household intends to plant within the succeeding quarter; and
d. The land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production.

Non-Palay Household – household operates an agricultural land which is not intended for/devoted to palay production, i.e., zero palay production, no standing palay crop and planting intention.

Corn Household – the sample household operates an agricultural land, whole or part of which is corn area within the nine-month period, or the land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production. Specifically, any of the following conditions must be satisfied:

a. Household harvested corn during the reference quarter;
b. Household has standing corn crop in the farm;
c. Household intends to plant within the succeeding quarter; and
d. The land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to corn production.

Non-Corn Household – household operates an agricultural land which is not intended for/devoted to corn production, i.e., zero corn production, no standing corn crop and planting intention.

Technical Notes:

Production refers to the quantity produced and actually harvested for a particular crop during the reference period. For palay and corn, harvest area refers to the actual area harvested/to be harvested during the reference quarter. Estimates and forecasts of production and harvest area of palay and corn are generated from the Quarterly Palay and Corn Production Survey (PCPS) of which there are four survey rounds in a year that is January, April, July and October. The following are the data taken from these surveys:

a. Production estimates of the previous quarter for each survey round;
b. Forecast one quarter ahead based on the standing crop; and
c. Forecast two quarters ahead based on planning intentions.

 

(Sgd) HJI. RAZULDEN A. MANGELEN, MPA, MDM
(Chief Statistical Specialist)
Officer-in-Charge
RSSO-ARMM