Q2 2019 Corn Production in ARMM

September 10, 2019Special Release Ref No.: SR-ARMM-19-035

Corn production in ARMM increased by 12.38 percent in Q2 2019

The total corn production in ARMM increased by 12.38 percent in the second quarter of 2019 to 136,709.52 metric tons (MT) from the 121,651.00 MT production in the same period in the previous year. More than half or 59.62 percent of corn in the region during this period was produced in Maguindanao, while 39.99 percent was produced in Lanao del Sur (Figure 1). The remaining less than one percent was produced by Sulu, Basilan and Tawi-Tawi.

Figure 1. Percent Distribution of Corn Production in ARMM, by Province: Q2 2019 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Corn production in Lanao del Sur and Maguindanao increased by 0.57 percent and 21.77 percent respectively. On the other hand, production in Basilan and Sulu decreased by corresponding rates of 81.48 percent and 13.40 percent; while there is no production in Tawi-Tawi in the second quarter of the previous year (Figure 2).

Figure 2. Volume of Corn Production in ARMM, by Province: Q1 2018 – Q2 2019 (in Metric Tons) 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

More than half of corn produced in ARMM was white corn

About 72.69 percent of the total corn production in ARMM in Q2 2019 was white corn, while the remaining 27.31 percent was yellow corn (Figure 3). Production of white corn increased by 4.25 percent; while yellow corn increased by 41.81 percent.

Figure 3. Percent Distribution of Corn Production in ARMM, by Croptype: Q2 2019 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

More than half or 52.83 percent of white corn production in ARMM was produced in Lanao del Sur, while Maguindanao contributed 46.63 percent (Figure 4). Production in Lanao del Sur and Maguindanao increased 0.36 percent and 8.63 percent, respectively. On the other hand, production in Basilan and Sulu decreased by 81.48 percent and 13.40 percent; while there is no production in Tawi-Tawi in the previous year (Figure 5).

Figure 4. Percent Distribution of White Corn Production in ARMM, by Province: Q2 2019 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

 

Figure 5. Volume of White Corn Production in ARMM, by Province: Q1 2018 – 2019 (in Metric Tons) 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Only Maguindanao and Lanao del Sur had production of yellow corn in Q2 2019, producing 94.20 percent and 5.80 percent, respectively. Production in Lanao del Sur increased by 5.97 percent, while Maguindanao recorded 44.83 percent increase in Q2 2019.

Figure 6. Volume of Yellow Production in ARMM, by Province: Q2 2018 – Q2 2019 (in Metric Tons)– 2019 (in Metric Tons) 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority
 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Palay and Corn Production Survey

Palay Production Survey and Corn Production Survey (PPS and CPS) are some of the major agricultural surveys conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA). These generate estimates and forecasts on palay and corn production, area and yield and other production-related data that serve as inputs for policy making and programs on palay/rice.

Definition of Terms:

Palay Household – the sample household operates an agricultural land, whole or part of which is palay area within the nine-month period, or the land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production. Specifically, any of the following conditions must be satisfied:

a. Household harvested palay during the reference quarter;
b. Household has standing palay crop in the farm;
c. Household intends to plant within the succeeding quarter; and
d. The land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production.

Non-Palay Household – household operates an agricultural land which is not intended for/devoted to palay production, i.e., zero palay production, no standing palay crop and planting intention.

Corn Household – the sample household operates an agricultural land, whole or part of which is corn area within the nine-month period, or the land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production. Specifically, any of the following conditions must be satisfied:

a. Household harvested corn during the reference quarter;
b. Household has standing corn crop in the farm;
c. Household intends to plant within the succeeding quarter; and
d. The land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to corn production.

Non-Corn Household – household operates an agricultural land which is not intended for/devoted to corn production, i.e., zero corn production, no standing corn crop and planting intention.

Technical Notes:

Production refers to the quantity produced and actually harvested for a particular crop during the reference period. For palay and corn, harvest area refers to the actual area harvested/to be harvested during the reference quarter. Estimates and forecasts of production and harvest area of palay and corn are generated from the Quarterly Palay and Corn Production Survey (PCPS) of which there are four survey rounds in a year that is January, April, July and October. The following are the data taken from these surveys:

a. Production estimates of the previous quarter for each survey round;
b. Forecast one quarter ahead based on the standing crop; and
c. Forecast two quarters ahead based on planning intentions.

 

(Sgd) HJI. RAZULDEN A. MANGELEN, MPA, MDM
(Chief Statistical Specialist)
Officer-in-Charge
RSSO-ARMM