Q2 2019 Palay Area Harvested in ARMM

September 10, 2019Special Release Ref No.: SR-ARMM-19-034

Area harvested for palay in ARMM increased by 7.08 percent in Q2 2019

The total area harvested for palay in ARMM increased by 7.08 percent in the second quarter of 2019 to 33,603.00 hectares (ha) from the 31,380.00 ha during the same period in the previous year. More than half or 58.60 percent of palay area harvested in the region during this period was in Maguindanao, while 41.07 percent was in Lanao del Sur (Figure 1). The remaining less than one percent was in Basilan, while there is no area harvested recorded in Sulu and Tawi-Tawi during the said period. 

Figure 1. Percent Distribution of Palay Area Harvested in ARMM, by Province: 2019 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Area harvested for palay in ARMM increased by 7.08 percent. This was attributed to the 23.16 percent increase in Lanao del Sur. On the other hand, area harvested in Basilan and Maguindanao decreased by 69.01 percent and 0.64 percent, respectively in the second quarter of 2019 (Figure 2).

Figure 2. Palay Area Harvested in ARMM, by Province: Q2 2018 - Q2 2019 (in Hectares)  
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Most of palay area harvested in ARMM was rainfed

About 71.42 percent of the total palay area harvested in ARMM in Q2 2019 were rainfed farms, while the remaining 28.58 percent were irrigated farms (Figure 3). Area harvested in irrigated and rainfed farms increased by 5.13 percent and 7.89 percent, respectively.  

Figure 3. Palay Area Harvested in ARMM, by Farmtype: Q2 2019 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Area harvested for irrigated palay in Basilan and Maguindanao decreased by 68.65 percent and 0.70 percent, respectively (Figure 4). On the other hand, area harvested in Lanao del Sur increased by 16.89 percent; while there is no production recorded in Sulu and Tawi-Tawi. 

Figure 4. Area Harvested for Irrigated Palay in ARMM, by Province: Q2 2018 - Q2 2019 (in Hectares) 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Area harvested of rainfed palay in Lanao del Sur increased by 27.01 percent while production in Basilan and Maguindanao decreased by 72.22 percent and 0.62

Figure 5. Volume of Rainfed Palay Production in ARMM, by Province: Q1 2018 – 2019 (in Metric Tons) 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority
 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Palay and Corn Production Survey

Palay Production Survey and Corn Production Survey (PPS and CPS) are some of the major agricultural surveys conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA). These generate estimates and forecasts on palay and corn production, area and yield and other production-related data that serve as inputs for policy making and programs on palay/rice.

Definition of Terms:

Palay Household – the sample household operates an agricultural land, whole or part of which is palay area within the nine-month period, or the land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production. Specifically, any of the following conditions must be satisfied:

a. Household harvested palay during the reference quarter;
b. Household has standing palay crop in the farm;
c. Household intends to plant within the succeeding quarter; and
d. The land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production.

Non-Palay Household – household operates an agricultural land which is not intended for/devoted to palay production, i.e., zero palay production, no standing palay crop and planting intention.

Corn Household – the sample household operates an agricultural land, whole or part of which is corn area within the nine-month period, or the land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production. Specifically, any of the following conditions must be satisfied:

a. Household harvested corn during the reference quarter;
b. Household has standing corn crop in the farm;
c. Household intends to plant within the succeeding quarter; and
d. The land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to corn production.

Non-Corn Household – household operates an agricultural land which is not intended for/devoted to corn production, i.e., zero corn production, no standing corn crop and planting intention.

Technical Notes:

Production refers to the quantity produced and actually harvested for a particular crop during the reference period. For palay and corn, harvest area refers to the actual area harvested/to be harvested during the reference quarter. Estimates and forecasts of production and harvest area of palay and corn are generated from the Quarterly Palay and Corn Production Survey (PCPS) of which there are four survey rounds in a year that is January, April, July and October. The following are the data taken from these surveys:

a. Production estimates of the previous quarter for each survey round;
b. Forecast one quarter ahead based on the standing crop; and
c. Forecast two quarters ahead based on planning intentions.

 

(Sgd) HJI. RAZULDEN A. MANGELEN, MPA, MDM
(Chief Statistical Specialist)
Officer-in-Charge
RSSO-ARMM