2018 Annual Palay Production in ARMM
Palay production in ARMM increased by 10.45 percent in 2018
The total palay production in ARMM increased by 10.45 percent in 2018 to 638,396.56 metric tons (MT) from the 577,984.00 MT production in the previous year. More than half or 67.86 percent of palay in the region during this period was produced in Maguindanao, while 31.32 percent was produced in Lanao del Sur (Figure 1). The remaining less than one percent was produced by Sulu, Basilan and Tawi-Tawi. Palay production in the provinces of ARMM also increased, except in Tawi-Tawi which recorded 86.17 percent decrease in 2018 (Figure 2).
Most of palay in ARMM was produced in rainfed farms
About 75.23 percent of the total palay production in ARMM in 2018 was produced in rainfed farms, while the remaining 24.77 percent were from irrigated farms (Figure 3). Production in irrigated and rainfed farms increased by 32.62 percent and 4.69 percent, respectively.
The provincial ranking in terms of level of palay production in both farm types was the same with that of the total palay production. Palay in Maguindanao, Sulu and Basilan increased by 56.94 percent, 36.67 percent, and 20.28 percent, respectively (Figure 4). On the other hand, production in Lanao del Sur decreased 1.32 percent, while there is no production recorded in Tawi-Tawi.
Production of rainfed palay in all provinces in ARMM, except Tawi-Tawi, increased in 2018. Sulu, Basilan and Maguindanao recorded significant increase of 28.01, 20.11 and 14.26 percent, respectively (Figure 5). On the other hand, production in Maguindanao increased by 0.66 percent only, while Tawi-Tawi recorded 86.17 percent decrease.
Palay and Corn Production Survey
Palay Production Survey and Corn Production Survey (PPS and CPS) are some of the major agricultural surveys conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA). These generate estimates and forecasts on palay and corn production, area and yield and other production-related data that serve as inputs for policy making and programs on palay/rice.
The data generated from this survey are disseminated through special releases, bulletin and publications, namely:
- Palay and Corn Situation and Outlook
- Seasonally Adjusted Rice Production and Prices
- Rice and Corn Quarterly Bulletin
- Palay Production in the Philippines
- Corn Production in the Philippines
The collections of data of these surveys are undertaken by hired Statistical Researchers (SRs). The SRs are trained prior to field operation to ensure that the procedures and concepts are understood. The training includes mock interviews and dry-run exercises.
PPS and CPS are quarterly surveys which cover sample farming households in sample barangays in all provinces except Batanes and include Zamboanga and Davao City. These employ replicated two-stage stratified sampling design with the barangay as the primary sampling unit (psu) and farming household as the secondary sampling unit (ssu). The barangays are stratified based on their palay and corn area and are selected using probability proportional to size, (pps and cps) scheme. Four replicates, four independent sets of sample barangays per stratum are drawn. From the selected barangays, households were drawn through systematic sampling.
The data gathered in this survey are as follows: production, area planted/harvested and yield by ecosystem and seed type; usage of seeds, fertilizer and pesticides; source of irrigation water and adequacy, monthly distribution of production and area harvested; farm household disposition of production; area with standing crop, farmer’s planting intention for the quarter; and awareness and availment of palay and corn program interventions. The reference period for each survey round is shown below:
|Survey Round||Reference Round|
|April Round||January to March|
|July Round||April to June|
|October Round||July to September|
|January Round||October to December|
Definition of Terms:
Palay Household – the sample household operates an agricultural land, whole or part of which is palay area within the nine-month period, or the land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production. Specifically, any of the following conditions must be satisfied:
- Household harvested palay during the reference quarter;
- Household has standing palay crop in the farm;
- Household intends to plant within the succeeding quarter; and
- The land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production.
Non-Palay Household – household operates an agricultural land which is not intended for/devoted to palay production, i.e., zero palay production, no standing palay crop and planting intention.
Corn Household – the sample household operates an agricultural land, whole or part of which is corn area within the nine-month period, or the land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production. Specifically, any of the following conditions must be satisfied:
- Household harvested corn during the reference quarter;
- Household has standing corn crop in the farm;
a. Household intends to plant within the succeeding quarter; and
b. The land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to corn production.
Non-Corn Household – household operates an agricultural land which is not intended for/devoted to corn production, i.e., zero corn production, no standing corn crop and planting intention.
Production refers to the quantity produced and actually harvested for a particular crop during the reference period. For palay and corn, harvest area refers to the actual area harvested/to be harvested during the reference quarter. Estimates and forecasts of production and harvest area of palay and corn are generated from the Quarterly Palay and Corn Production Survey (PCPS) of which there are four survey rounds in a year that is January, April, July and October. The following are the data taken from these surveys:
a. Production estimates of the previous quarter for each survey round;
b. Forecast one quarter ahead based on the standing crop; and
c. Forecast two quarters ahead based on planning intentions.