Palay and Corn productions in Maguindanao: 2nd Sem, 2018

April 4, 2019Special Release Ref No.: 38IG - 2019 - 013

PALAY AND CORN IN MAGUINDANAO

SECOND SEMESTER: 2016, 2017 AND 2018

 

Palay and corn production estimated at 249,183.50 MT and 264,419.56MT respectively

The province of Maguindanao ranked number one in the production of both palay and corn among the other provinces in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). The productions for palay and corn, as of the second semester of 2018, were estimated at 249,183.50 metric tons and 264,419.56 metric tons respectively. The production for palay and corn is accounted to 63.5 percent and 57.3 of the region’s total production in the second semester of 2018 respectively.

The volume of production of palay in the province of Maguindanao, as of the second semester of 2018, grew up by 12.2 percent compared to its production of the same semester in 2017. While on the other hand, the production of corn in the province, as of the second semester of 2018, also grew up by 54.1 percent compared to its production of the same semester in 2017.

The growth in the palay production was greatly attributed to the production of irrigated palay which is up by 58.3 percent and by the production of rainfed palay which is also up by 2.8 percent. While the growth in the corn production was mostly attributed to the production of yellow corn which grew by 73.9 percentand by the production of white corn which is also up by 33.1 percent.

 

 

Figure 1. Production of Palay and Corn (in metric tons): Maguindanao, 2nd Semester of 2016, 2017 and 2018

Source of Basic Data: Philippine Statistics Authority

Palay production in the province bounces back.           

Through the years, 2016 to 2018, the production of palay in the province drops down by 13.0 percent. It has been depleting at an average annual growth rate of -5.2 percent from the year 2016 to 2018.

In 2018, the production of palay was estimated at 249,183.50 metric and it covers up the 63.5 percent of the region’s total production. Although its production has been depleting over the years, its production bounces back in 2018 up to approximately 1.12 times its production in the same semester of the previous year 2017 because, looking back to its production in the same semester of the year 2017, it was estimated at 222,122.00 metric tons where it drops down by 22.49 percent compared to its production in 2016.

 

Corn production in the province also bounces back.           

Through the years, 2016 to 2018, the production of corn in the province drops down by 12.7 percent but has been growing at an average annual growth rate of 5.4 percent from the year 2016 to 2018.

In 2018, the production of corn was estimated at 264,419.56 metric tons and it covers up the 57.3 percent of the region’s total production. The production increasesupby 54.1 percent compared to its production in the same semester of the previous year 2017 but looking back to is production in the same semester in the year 2017, it was estimated at 171,618.00 metric tons and it drops by 43.3 percent compared to its production in 2016.

 

 

Figure 2. Production of Irrigated and Rainfed Palay (in metric tons): Maguindanao, 2nd Semester of 2016, 2017 and 2018

Source of Basic Data: Philippine Statistics Authority

Irrigated palay and rainfed palay are the same trend.

The productions of palay from the two types of ecosystem are in the same trends.

Irrigated palay decreases down by 29.2 percent compared to its production in the same semester of the previous year in the period 2016-2017 and it grow up back by 58.3 percent in the period 2017-2018.

Rainfed palay is of the same trend, decreasing down by 20.9 percent compared to its production in the same semester of the previous year in the period 2016-2017 and grows up back by 2.8 percent in the period 2017-2018.

 

 

Figure 3. Production of White and Yellow Corn (in metric tons): Maguindanao, 2nd Semester of 2016, 2017 and 2018

Source of Basic Data: Philippine Statistics Authority

White corn and yellow corn production bounces back.

The productions of corn from the two types of crop are also in the same trends.

Through the years, 2016 to 2018, white corn is depleting at an average annual growth rate of -5.8 percent. In the period 2016-2107, it drops down by 44.7 percent compared to its production in the same semester of the previous year while in the period 2017-2018, it grows up by 33.1 percent compared to its production in the same semester of the previous year.

Yellow corn drops down by 42.0 percent compared to its production in the same semester of the previous year in the period 2016-2017 but in the period 2017-2018, it increases up by 73.9 percent compared to its production in the same semester of the previous year. Through the years, 2016 to 2018, yellow corn is growing at an average annual growth rate of 15.9 percent.

 

 

 

 

Definition of Terms:

Palay Household – the sample household operates an agricultural land, whole or part of which is palay area within the nine-month period, or the land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production. Specifically, any of the following conditions must be satisfied:

Household harvested palay during the reference quarter;

Household has standing palay crop in the farm;

Household intends to plant within the succeeding quarter; and

The land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production.

 

Non-Palay Household – household operates an agricultural land which is not intended for/devoted to palay production, i.e., zero palay production, no standing palay crop and planting intention.

 

Corn Household – the sample household operates an agricultural land, whole or part of which is corn area within the nine-month period, or the land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production. Specifically, any of the following conditions must be satisfied:

Household harvested corn during the reference quarter;

Household has standing corn crop in the farm;

a.     Household intends to plant within the succeeding quarter; and

b.     The land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to corn production.

 

Non-Corn Household – household operates an agricultural land which is not intended for/devoted to corn production, i.e., zero corn production, no standing corn crop and planting intention.

 

 

Technical Notes:

Production refers to the quantity produced and actually harvested for a particular crop during the reference period. For palay and corn, harvest area refers to the actual area harvested/to be harvested during the reference quarter. Estimates and forecasts of production and harvest area of palay and corn are generated from the Quarterly Palay and Corn Production Survey (PCPS) of which there are four survey rounds in a year that is January, April, July and October. The following are the data taken from these surveys:

a.    Production estimates of the previous quarter for each survey round;

b.    Forecast one quarter ahead based on the standing crop; and

Forecast two quarters ahead based on planning intentions.

 

 

 

(SGD) ENGR. AKAN G. TULA, MPA

(Supervising Statistical Specialist)

Officer-in-Charge