Maguindanao Consumer Price Index (as of January 2019)
Maguindanao Consumer Price Index
Survey of Retail Prices of Commodities conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) has generated a Consumer Price Index (CPI) of 125.2 for Maguindanao as of January 2019, using 2012 as the base year. This implies that the cost of a basket of goods and services commonly purchased by a typical Filipino household in the different municipalities of Maguindanao was at an average price of Php 125.2 as of January 2019. This is 0.4 percent lower than December 2018 with CPI = 125.7.
|Commodity Group||January 2019||January 2018||Decmeber 2018||December 2017|
|Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages||130.9||127.4||131.4||126.4|
|Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco||193.0||152.3||191.3||148.2|
|Clothing and Footwear||119.8||112.4||110.3||110.3|
|Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas, and Other Fuels||106.4||103.4||118.2||102.8|
|Furnishing, Household Equipment and Routine Maintenance of the House||126.6||119.1||125.0||108.2|
|Recreation and Culture||117.5||113.1||118.7||111.3|
|Restaurant and Miscellaneous Goods and Services||136.0||115.0||135.6||112.1|
Commodities under the groups of Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco, Restaurant and Miscellaneous Goods and Services, Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages, and Furnishing, Household Equipment and Routine Maintenance of the House had the highest corresponding CPIs of 193.0, 136.0, 130.9 and 126.6 in January 2019, respectively. These four commodity groups have CPIs higher than the total average CPI of all items in the province.
On the other hand, Education with CPI = 60.8 have the lowest CPI during the same period.
The average headline inflation rate in Maguindanao is at 4.2 percent as of January 2019 (2012=100). This implies that the prices of commodities and prices in the province on the average increased by 4.2 percent compared to the same period in the previous year.
Commodity groups of Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco, Restaurant and Miscellaneous Goods and Services, Health, Clothing and Footwear, and Furnishing, Household Equipment and Routine Maintenance of the House have shown the most volatile annual prices in January 2019 with the inflation rates of 26.7 percent, 18.3 percent, 10.5 percent, 6.6 percent and 6.3 percent, respectively. These five commodity groups have inflation rates higher than the total average inflation rate of all items in the province. On the other hand, the Clothing and Footwear has the most rapidly changing average price between January 2019 and December 2018 with an increase of 8.6 percent.
|Commodity Group||January 2019||December 2018|
|Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages||2.7||4.0|
|Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco||26.7||29.1|
|Clothing and Footwear||6.6||0.0|
|Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas, and Other Fuels||2.9||15.0|
|Furnishing, Household Equipment and Routine Maintenance of the House||6.3||15.5|
|Recreation and Culture||3.9||6.6|
|Restaurant and Miscellaneous Goods and Services||18.3||21.0|
Purchasing Power of Peso
Purchasing Power of Peso (PPP) is inversely related to inflation rate. Thus, as the inflation rate increases, PPP declines. In Maguindanao, PPP decreased by 5.9 percent in 2018 and has been decreasing at an average rate of 0.40 percent monthly in the year 2018.
The PPP in 2018 as a whole is at 0.80. This implies that the Php1.0 in 2012, as the base year, values only Php 0.80 in 2018.
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
The CPI is an indicator of the changes in the average retail prices of a fixed basket of goods and services commonly purchased by households relative to a base year.
Uses of CPI
The CPI is most widely used in the calculation of the inflation rate and purchasing power of peso. It is a major statistical series used for economic analysis and as a monitoring indicator of government economic policy.
Computation of CPI
The computation of the CPI involves consideration of the following important points:
a. Base Period
The reference date or base period is the benchmark or reference date or period at which the index is taken as equal to 100.
b. Market Basket
A sample of the thousands of varieties of goods purchased for consumption and services availed by the households in the country selected to represent the composite price behavior of all goods and services purchased by consumers.
c. Weighting System
The weighting pattern uses the expenditures on various consumer items purchased by households as a proportion to total expenditure.
The formula used in computing the CPI is the weighted arithmetic mean of price relatives, the Laspeyre’s formula with a fixed base year period (2006) weights.
e. Geographic Coverage
CPI values are computed at the national, regional, and provincial levels, and for selected cities.
Inflation Rate is the rate of change of the CPI expressed in percent. Inflation is interpreted in terms of declining purchasing power of peso.
Headline Inflation refers to the rate of change in the CPI, a measure of the average standard “basket” of goods and services consumed by a typical family.
Purchasing Power of Peso shows how much the peso in the base period is worth in the current period. It is computed as the reciprocal of the CPI for the period under review multiplied by 100.
(SGD) ENGR. AKAN G. TULA, MPA
(Supervising Statistical Specialist)