Fisheries production increased by 4.90 percent in 2018
The production of Fisheries in Maguindanao, as of 1st semester of 2018, grew up by 4.90 percent compared to its production the same period in 2017. This minimal growth was attributed to the production of carp, brackish water fishpond – milkfish, freshwater pen – tilapia, seaweeds, slipmouth or sapsap and bangus.
The production grew up to 62,912.61 metric tons from 59,976.10 metric tons, adding over 2,936.51 metric tons to its 2017 production.
FISHERIES IN MAGUINDANAO
FIRST SEMESTER, 2017 AND 2018
Fisheries production in Maguindanao increased by 4.90 percent in 2018
The province of Maguindanao ranked number three in the fisheries production among the other provinces in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). This production accounted to 13.79 percent of ARMM’s total production in the first semester of 2018. In the same year, the production grew up to 62,912.61 metric tons from 59,976.10 metric tons, which accounted to 4.90 percent growth rate. This growth was significantly attributed to the productions of carp (up by 10.46 percent), brackish water fishpond – milkfish (up by 9.39 percent), freshwater pen – tilapia (up by 8.63 percent), seaweeds (up by 5.46 percent), slipmouth or sapsap (down by 100.00 percent) and inland municipal – bangus (down by 7.03 percent).
|Name of Species||2017||2018|
|Tilapia (inland municipal species)||3,885.26||3,982.14|
|Bangus (inland municipal species)||1,806.78||1,679.70|
|BF - Milkfish||1,100.11||1,203.38|
Seaweeds is the number one trend in the fisheries production in 2018
In the first semester of 2018, the production of other crops commodities was estimated at 62,912.61 metric tons, with 4.90 percent growth from 56,976.10 metric tons in the same period of 2017.
A review of the top five species produced in the province for the first semester of 2018 showed a production of 44,429.84 metric tons of seaweeds from 42,131.26 metric tons in 2017, which posted an increase of 5.46 percent and a production of 3,982.14 metric tons of tilapia (inland municipal species) from 3,885.26 metric tons in 2017, which was a 2.49 percent increase. Another increase, carp production, is up by 10.46 percent, from 1,762.70 metric tons in 2017 to 1,947.00 metric tons in 2018. Brackish water fishpond - milkfish production also increased, up by 9.39 percent, from 1,100.11 metric tons in 2017 to 1,203.38 metric tons in 2018.
Meanwhile, bangus (inland municipal species) production had decreased, down by 7.03 percent, from 1,806.78 metric tons in 2017 to 1,679.70 metric tons in 2018.
Maguindanao is the top three in fisheries.
The province of Maguindanao ranked number three in fisheries production in ARMM as of the first semester of 2018. Looking back to its top five produce, the province ranked number three in seaweeds production sharing 12.92 percent to the region’s total. The province ranked number one in tilapia (inland municipal species) production sharing 94.47 percent to the region’s total. The province was the sole producer of carp and bangus (inland municipal species) in the region. The province ranked number one in brackish water fishpond - milkfish production sharing 60.21 percent to the region’s total.
At the end of the first semester of 2018, fisheries production was estimated to 62,912.61 metric tons. Looking at the distribution of its production by sector, we can say that the aquaculture covers 75.99 percent of the total production. Municipal fisheries are accounted to 23.39 percent and commercial fisheries are accounted to the remaining 0.62 percent.
Growth of the fisheries production in the province continues
As shown in the Table 2, the total production of the province for fisheries had been growing positively as of the first semester of 2016 to 2018. The growth achieved by the province comparing the total production in the first semester of 2016 and first semester of 2018 is 8.93 percent. Looking in to the growth of the total productions in the 1st semester of 2016-2017 compared to that of 2017-2018, it is also growing on a positive trend because the growth achieved by the province in 2015-2016 and 2016-2017 is 3.85 percent and 4.90 percent respectively.
- The Fisheries Production Survey of the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) is divided into four (4) major fisheries surveys. These are the Quarterly Commercial Fisheries Survey (QCFS), Quarterly Municipal Fisheries Survey (QMFS), Quarterly Inland Fisheries Survey (QIFS) and Quarterly Aquaculture Survey (QAqS). The commercial and municipal fisheries surveys aim to provide quarterly data on volume and value of fish production by species, by region and by province. The aquaculture surveys are intended to generate quarterly data on volume and value of cultured species by environment, by type of aquafarm, by region and by province.
- The survey on commercial fisheries production covered 57 provinces and cities. For municipal fisheries and aquaculture surveys 81 provinces and cities were covered.
- The sampling frames for the surveys of commercial and municipal fisheries were established in2000 through a nationwide listing of landing centers (LCs). Updating of the lists was conducted over the years. The designed used was a two-stage stratified random sampling with the landing centers as the first-stage sampling units and fishing boats as the second stage sampling units. The landing centers were stratified based on volume of fish unloaded. The province was the domain of the survey. Inland municipal fisheries included fishing in inland waters such as lakes, rivers, dams, marshes, swamps, etc. Household engaged in inland fishing was the unit of enumeration. For aquaculture survey, the lists of brackishwater fishponds, freshwater fishponds, freshwater fish pens/fish cages, marine fish pens/ fish cages, oyster/mussel and seaweed farms by province served as the sampling frames.
Aquaculture - fishery operation involving all forms of raising and culturing of fish and other fishery species in marine, brackish and fresh water environment. Examples are fishponds, fish pens, fish cages, mussel, oyster, seaweed farms and hatcheries.
Aquafarm- the farming facilities used in the culture or propagation of aquatic species including fish, mollusk, crustaceans and aquatic plants for purposes of rearing to enhance production.
Brackishwater– is a mixture of seawater and freshwater with salinity that varies with the tide. Examples are estuaries, mangroves and mouths of rivers where seawater enters during high tide.
Commercial fishing – is the catching of fish with the use of fishing boats with a capacity of more than three gross tons for trade, business or profit beyond subsistence or sports fishing.
Fisheries - all activities relating to the act or business of fishing, culturing, preserving, processing, marketing, developing, conserving and managing aquatic resources and the fishery areas including the privilege to fish or take aquatic resources thereof (RA 8550).
Fisheries Sector - the sector engaged in the production, growing, harvesting, processing, marketing, developing, conserving and managing of aquatic resources and fishery areas.
Fish Cage - stationary or floating fish enclosure made of synthetic net wire/bamboo screen or other materials set in the form of inverted mosquito net ("happa" type) with or without cover with all sides either tied to poles stacked to the water bottom or with anchored floats for aquaculture purposes.
Fishing Gear - any instrument or device and its accessories utilized in taking fish and other fishery species.
Fishing Grounds - areas in any body of water where fish and other aquatic resources congregate and become target of capture.
Fish Pen - an artificial enclosure constructed within a body of water for culturing fish and fishery/ aquatic resources made up of bamboo poles closely arranged in an enclosure with wooden materials, screen or nylon netting to prevent escape of fish.
Fishpond - a body of water (artificial or natural) where fish and other aquatic products are cultured, raised or cultivated under controlled conditions. This is land-based type of aquafarm. Note that the setting-up of fish cages in ponds does not make the operation of fish cage and at the same time a fishpond.
Freshwater – is water without salt or marine origin, such as generally found in lakes, rivers, canals, dams, reservoirs, paddy fields and swamps.
Landing Center - place where the fish catch and other aquatic products are unloaded and traded.
Inland Municipal Fishing - the catching of fish, crustaceans, mollusks and all other aquatic animals and plants in inland water like lakes, rivers, dams, marshes, etc. using simple gearsand fishing boats some of which are non-motorized with a capacity of three gross tons or less; or fishing not requiring the use of fishing boats.
Municipal Fishing - covers fishing operation carried out with or without the use of a boat weighing three gross tons or less.
(SGD) ENGR. AKAN G. TULA, MPA
(Supervising Statistical Specialist)