Commercial fisheries production decrease by 0.51 percent
The production of the Commercial Fisheries in Maguindanao, as of the first semester of 2018, decreased by 0.51 percent compared to its production in 2017. The production trend was positively attributed by the productions of threadfin bream or bisugo, snapper or maya-maya, sinagid or samaral, crevalle or salay-salay, cavalla or talakitok and it was negatively affected by the productions of frigate tuna or tulingan and roundscad or galunggong.
The production decreased to 391.88 metric tons from 393.87 metric tons, lacking up to over 1.99 metric tons in order to caught up to its 2017 production.
COMMERCIAL FISHERIES PRODUCTION IN MAGUINDANAO
1STSEMESTER, 2017 AND 2018
Commercial fisheries production in Maguindanao decrease by 0.51 percent
The province of Maguindanao ranked number five in the production of commercial fisheries among the other provinces in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). This production accounted to 0.78 percent of ARMM’s total production by the end of first semester in 2018. In the same period, the production decreased to 391.88 metric tons from 393.87 metric tons, which posted a 0.51 percent decrease rate. This growth was positively attributed by the productions of threadfin bream or bisugo (up by 96.64 percent), snapper or maya-maya (up by 73.63 percent), sinagid or samaral (up by 53.82 percent), crevalle or salay-salay (up by 49.50 percent), cavalla or talakitok (up by 44.15 percent) and it was negatively affected by the productions of frigate tuna or tulingan (down by 12.49 percent) and roundscad or galunggong (down by 21.24 percent).
Roundscad (galunggong) production is a trend in the commercial fisheries
In the first semester of 2018, the production of commercial fisheries was estimated at 391.88 metric tons, with a decrease of 0.51 percent, from 393.87 metric tons in 2017.
A review of the top five species in commercial fisheries for first semester 2018 showed a production of 103.29 metric tons of galunggong from 131.15 metric tons in 2017, which posted a decrease of 21.24 percent; a production of 72.25 metric tons of tulingan from 82.56 metric tons, which posted a decrease of 12.49 percent and a production of 46.88 metric tons of matangbaka from 52.53 metric tons, which was a 10.76 percent decrease.
On the other hand, the following species had increase in numbers and also belong to the top five species being produced in the province.The production of gulyasan was estimated at 23.11 metric tons in the first semester of 2018 with an increase of 9.27 percent from 21.15 metric tons in 2017. The production of talakitok in the first semester of 2018 was estimated at 22.53 metric tons with an increase of 44.15 percent from 15.63 metric tons in 2017.
Maguindanao is the least producing province in commercial fisheries.
The province of Maguindanao ranked number five in the production of commercial fisheries in ARMM in the first semester of 2018. Looking back to its top five produce, the province ranked number four in galunggong production sharing1.03 percent to the region’s total. The province also ranked number four in tulingan production sharing 0.62 percent to the region’s total. In the matangbaka production, the province ranked number three sharing 0.89 percent to region’s total production. In the gulyasan production, the province ranked number four sharing 0.65 percent to the region’s total production and the province ranked number three in talakitok production sharing 9.54 percent to the region’s total production.
|Name of Species||2017||2018|
|Big-eyed scad (Matangbaka)||52.53||46.88|
|Bigeye tuna (Tambakol/ Bariles)||20.84||19.54|
|Blue crab (Alimasag)||..||6.41|
|Frigate tuna (Tulingan)||82.56||72.25|
|Indian sardines (Tamban)||6.93||13.82|
|Threadfin bream (Bisugo)||1.49||2.93|
|Yellowfin tuna (Tambakol/Bariles)||18.47||22.09|
Commercial fisheries production decreases this first semester of 2018
As shown in the Table 2, the total production of the province for commercial fisheries had decrease from 393.87 metric tons of the first semester of 2017 to 391.88 metric tons of the same period of 2018. The production decrease rate was estimated to be 0.51 percent. This minimal negative change in the production was greatly affected by the productions of galunggong (-21.24%), tulingan (-12.49%), matangbaka (-10.76%) and tambakol or bariles (-6.24%).
- The Fisheries Production Survey of the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) is divided into four (4) major fisheries surveys. These are the Quarterly Commercial Fisheries Survey (QCFS), Quarterly Municipal Fisheries Survey (QMFS), Quarterly Inland Fisheries Survey (QIFS) and Quarterly Aquaculture Survey (QAqS). The commercial and municipal fisheries surveys aim to provide quarterly data on volume and value of fish production by species, by region and by province. The aquaculture surveys are intended to generate quarterly data on volume and value of cultured species by environment, by type of aquafarm, by region and by province.
- The survey on commercial fisheries production covered 57 provinces and cities. For municipal fisheries and aquaculture surveys 81 provinces and cities were covered.
- The sampling frames for the surveys of commercial and municipal fisheries were established in2000 through a nationwide listing of landing centers (LCs). Updating of the lists was conducted over the years. The designed used was a two-stage stratified random sampling with the landing centers as the first-stage sampling units and fishing boats as the second stage sampling units. The landing centers were stratified based on volume of fish unloaded. The province was the domain of the survey. Inland municipal fisheries included fishing in inland waters such as lakes, rivers, dams, marshes, swamps, etc. Household engaged in inland fishing was the unit of enumeration. For aquaculture survey, the lists of brackishwater fishponds, freshwater fishponds, freshwater fish pens/fish cages, marine fish pens/ fish cages, oyster/mussel and seaweed farms by province served as the sampling frames.
Aquaculture - fishery operation involving all forms of raising and culturing of fish and other fishery species in marine, brackish and fresh water environment. Examples are fishponds, fish pens, fish cages, mussel, oyster, seaweed farms and hatcheries.
Aquafarm- the farming facilities used in the culture or propagation of aquatic species including fish, mollusk, crustaceans and aquatic plants for purposes of rearing to enhance production.
Brackishwater– is a mixture of seawater and freshwater with salinity that varies with the tide. Examples are estuaries, mangroves and mouths of rivers where seawater enters during high tide.
Commercial fishing – is the catching of fish with the use of fishing boats with a capacity of more than three gross tons for trade, business or profit beyond subsistence or sports fishing.
Fisheries - all activities relating to the act or business of fishing, culturing, preserving, processing, marketing, developing, conserving and managing aquatic resources and the fishery areas including the privilege to fish or take aquatic resources thereof (RA 8550).
Fisheries Sector - the sector engaged in the production, growing, harvesting, processing, marketing, developing, conserving and managing of aquatic resources and fishery areas.
Fish Cage - stationary or floating fish enclosure made of synthetic net wire/bamboo screen or other materials set in the form of inverted mosquito net ("happa" type) with or without cover with all sides either tied to poles stacked to the water bottom or with anchored floats for aquaculture purposes.
Fishing Gear - any instrument or device and its accessories utilized in taking fish and other fishery species.
Fishing Grounds - areas in any body of water where fish and other aquatic resources congregate and become target of capture.
Fish Pen - an artificial enclosure constructed within a body of water for culturing fish and fishery/ aquatic resources made up of bamboo poles closely arranged in an enclosure with wooden materials, screen or nylon netting to prevent escape of fish.
Fishpond - a body of water (artificial or natural) where fish and other aquatic products are cultured, raised or cultivated under controlled conditions. This is land-based type of aquafarm. Note that the setting-up of fish cages in ponds does not make the operation of fish cage and at the same time a fishpond.
Freshwater – is water without salt or marine origin, such as generally found in lakes, rivers, canals, dams, reservoirs, paddy fields and swamps.
Landing Center - place where the fish catch and other aquatic products are unloaded and traded.
Inland Municipal Fishing - the catching of fish, crustaceans, mollusks and all other aquatic animals and plants in inland water like lakes, rivers, dams, marshes, etc. using simple gearsand fishing boats some of which are non-motorized with a capacity of three gross tons or less; or fishing not requiring the use of fishing boats.
Municipal Fishing - covers fishing operation carried out with or without the use of a boat weighing three gross tons or less.
(SGD) ENGR. AKAN G. TULA, MPA
(Supervising Statistical Specialist)