Palay and Corn Situation in ARMM (April 2018 Round)

January 14, 2019Special Release Ref No.: SR-ARMM-19-001

Palay production in ARMM decreased by 2.2 percent in the first quarter of 2018.

In the first quarter of 2018, the volume of palay production in ARMM accounted for about 14.3 percent of all regions in Mindanao. It was estimated at 163,360 metric tons with a decrease of 2.2 percent from 167,238 metric tons of palay production in the same period of 2017.

Majority of produced palay in ARMM were grown in rainfed farms with a rate of 74.5 percent of the total palay production in the region. Production from this type of ecosystem decreased by 8.4 percent, from 133,306 metric tons in the first quarter of 2017 to 122,066 metric tons in the same period of 2018. On the other hand, the volume of production of palay from irrigated farms increased by 22.5 percent, from 33,932 metric tons to 41,564 metric tons in the said period, respectively.

Figure 1. Volume of Palay Production by Ecosystem, ARMM: First Quarters of 2017 and 2018 (in metric tons)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Maguindanao province had the highest level of palay production in ARMM contributing 80.4 percent of the total palay produced in the region. The volume of \palay production in this province increased by 0.8 percent, from 130,590 metric tons in the first quarter of 2017 to 131,699 metric tons in the same period in 2018. Basilan also had a positive growth rate of 9.9 percent in the said periods, while Lanao del Sur recorded 13.2 percent decrease. There were no data of production gathered in the province of Sulu and Tawi-tawi.

Figure 2. Volume of Total Palay Production by Province, ARMM: First Quarters of 2017 and 2018 (in metric tons)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Irrigated Palay Production in ARMM

Majority of the irrigated farms for palay in ARMM were produced in Maguindanao with a rate of 74.3 percent of the total irrigated palay production in the region. The volume of irrigated palay production in this province increased by 42.6 percent, from 21,651 metric tons in the first quarter of 2017 to 30,878 metric tons in the same period of 2018.

Figure 3. Volume of Irrigated Palay Production by Province, ARMM: First Quarters of 2017 and 2018 (in metric tons)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Rainfed Palay Production in ARMM

Similar to irrigated palay production, the province of Maguindanao also had the largest contribution to the rainfed production in ARMM comprising 82.6 percent of the total rainfed palay production in the region. The volume of this production in this province decreased by 6.5 percent from 108,939 metric tons in the first quarter of 2017 to 100,821 metric tons in the same period in 2018.

Figure 4. Volume of Rainfed Palay Production by Province, ARMM: First Quarters of 2017 and 2018 (in metric tons)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Corn production in ARMM increased by 0.1 percent in the first quarter of 2018.

In the first quarter of 2018, the volume of corn production in ARMM accounted for about 31.4 percent among all the regions in Mindanao. It was estimated at 319,411 metric tons with a 0.1 percent increase from 319,126 metric tons in the same period of 2017. About 68.3 percent of the total corn production in the region is classified as yellow corn. The volume of production of this type of corn increased by 2.0 percent, from 213,912 metric tons in the first quarter of 2017 to 218,107 metric tons in the same period of 2018. On the other hand, the volume of production of white corn decreased by 3.7 percent, from 105,214 metric tons to 101,304 metric tons in in the said period, respectively.

Figure 5. Volume of Corn Production by Ecosystem, ARMM: First Quarters of 2017 and 2018 (in metric tons)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Maguindanao province recorded the highest production of corn in ARMM in 2018 with a rate of 65.2 percent. There was also an increase of about 12.9 percent of the volume of corn production in the said province, from 184,490 metric tons in the first quarter of 2017 to 208,539 metric tons in the same period of 2018. Moreover, all remaining provinces had positive outcomes in the said periods, except Lanao del Sur which had a decrease of 17.6 percent.

Figure 6. Volume of Total Corn Production by Province, ARMM: First Quarters of 2017 and 2018 (in metric tons)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

White Corn Production in ARMM

More than half (55.1 percent) of the white corn in ARMM were produced in Maguindanao. The volume of white corn production in this province increased by 36.7 percent, from 40,807 metric tons in the first quarter of 2017 to 55,802 metric tons in the same period of 2018.

Figure 7. Volume of White Corn Production by Province, ARMM: First Quarters of 2017 and 2018 (in metric tons)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Yellow Corn Production in ARMM

The province of Maguindanao had the highest contribution to the yellow corn production in ARMM with a rate of 69.9 percent. The volume of yellow corn production of this province increased by 6.2 percent, from 143,683 metric tons in the first quarter of 2017 to 152,557 metric tons in the same period of 2018.

Figure 8. Volume of Yellow Corn Production by Province, ARMM: First Quarters of 2017 and 2018 (in metric tons)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Palay and Corn Production Survey

            Palay Production Survey and Corn Production Survey (PPS and CPS) are some of the major agricultural surveys conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA). These generate estimates and forecasts on palay and corn production, area and yield and other production-related data that serve as inputs for policy making and programs on palay/rice.

            The data generated from this survey are disseminated through special releases, bulletin and publications, namely:

Special Release

  • Palay and Corn Situation and Outlook
  • Seasonally Adjusted Rice Production and Prices

Bulletin (quarterly)

  • Rice and Corn Quarterly Bulletin

Publication (annual)

  • Palay Production in the Philippines
  • Corn Production in the Philippines

 The collections of data of these surveys are undertaken by hired Statistical Researchers (SRs). The SRs are trained prior to field operation to ensure that the procedures and concepts are   understood. The training includes mock interviews and dry-run exercises.

 PPS and CPS are quarterly surveys which cover sample farming households in sample barangays in all provinces except Batanes and include Zamboanga and Davao City. These employ   replicated two-stage stratified sampling design with the barangay as the primary sampling unit (psu) and farming household as the secondary sampling unit (ssu). The barangays are stratified   based on their palay and corn area and are selected using probability proportional to size, (pps and cps) scheme. Four replicates, four independent sets of sample barangays per stratum are   drawn. From the selected barangays, households were drawn through systematic sampling.

 The data gathered in this survey are as follows: production, area planted/harvested and yield by ecosystem and seed type; usage of seeds, fertilizer and pesticides; source of irrigation water and   adequacy, monthly distribution of production and area harvested; farm household disposition of production; area with standing crop, farmer’s planting intention for the quarter; and awareness and   availment of palay and corn program interventions. The reference period for each survey round is shown below:

Survey Round Reference Round
April Round January to March
July Round April to June
October Round July to September
January Round October to December

Definition of Terms:

Palay Household – the sample household operates an agricultural land, whole or part of which is palay area within the nine-month period, or the land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production. Specifically, any of the following conditions must be satisfied:

  1. Household harvested palay during the reference quarter;
  2. Household has standing palay crop in the farm;
  3. Household intends to plant within the succeeding quarter; and
  4. The land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to palay production.

Non-Palay Household – household operates an agricultural land which is not intended for/devoted to palay production, i.e., zero palay production, no standing palay crop and planting intention.

Corn Household – the sample household operates an agricultural land, whole or part of which is corn area within the nine-month period, or the land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent          declares that it is devoted to palay production. Specifically, any of the following conditions must be satisfied:

  1. Household harvested corn during the reference quarter;
  2. Household has standing corn crop in the farm;

a.    Household intends to plant within the succeeding quarter; and

b.    The land is temporarily in-fallow but the respondent declares that it is devoted to corn production.

Non-Corn Household – household operates an agricultural land which is not intended for/devoted to corn production, i.e., zero corn production, no standing corn crop and planting intention.

Technical Notes:

                        Production refers to the quantity produced and actually harvested for a particular crop during the reference period. For palay and corn, harvest area refers to the actual area harvested/to be harvested during the reference quarter. Estimates and forecasts of production and harvest area of palay and corn are generated from the Quarterly Palay and Corn Production Survey (PCPS) of which there are four survey rounds in a year that is January, April, July and October. The following are the data taken from these surveys:

               a.      Production estimates of the previous quarter for each survey round;

               b.      Forecast one quarter ahead based on the standing crop; and

               c.      Forecast two quarters ahead based on planning intentions.

 

(Sgd) HJI. RAZULDEN A. MANGELEN, MPA, MDM
(Chief Statistical Specialist)
Officer-in-Charge
RSSO-ARMM