Women and Men in the Province of Sulu (Based on the results of 2015 Census of Population)

July 24, 2018Special Release Ref No.: 2018-031

The result of the 2015 Census of Population (POPCEN 2015) shows that the total population of Sulu reached 824,731 persons as of August 01, 2015, which was projected at 815,600 persons only. Based on this result, 50.6 percent are women and 49.4 percent were men. On the other hand, 45-74 year old men outnumbered women in the same age group. By 2020, Sulu’s total population is projected to reach 918,500 persons, still with more women than men.

Table 1. Distribution of total Population and Projected Population by Age-Group and by Sex, Sulu: 2015 and 2020
Age-Group 2015 Total Population 2020 Total Population
SEX SEX
Women Men Women Men
Sulu 416,861 40,7870 824,731 467,200 451,300 918,500
0 - 4 57,444 57,182 114,626 63,000 66,500 129,500
5 - 9 60,752 59,790 120,542 57,900 60,800 118,700
10 - 14 56,993 56,743 113,736 46,200 45,000 91,200
15 - 19 47,926 46,437 94,363 47,800 46,500 94,300
20 - 24 35,167 31,587 66,754 47,900 46,200 94,100
25 - 29 31,456 27,244 58,700 43,300 41,000 84,300
30 - 34 28,543 25,205 53,748 30,500 26,400 56,900
35 - 39 29,337 27,268 56,605 26,100 22,000 48,100
40 - 44 23,814 23,551 47,365 26,200 22,500 48,700
45 - 49 17,823 19,257 37,080 23,100 20,500 43,600
50 - 54 10,669 13,176 23,845 19,800 18,800 38,600
55 - 59 6,593 8,304 14,897 15,200 14,800 30,000
60 - 64 4,255 5,303 9,558 9,000 9,300 18,300
65 - 69 2,869 3,234 6,103 5,600 5,800 11,400
70 - 74 1,628 1,900 3,528 3,200 3,000 6,200
75 - 79 905 1,006 1,911 1,600 1,500 3,100
80+ 687 683 1,370 800 700 1,500
Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

The population of women is 2.3 percent higher than that of men. This resulted to a sex ratio of 102:100, which means that there are 102 women for every 100 men in Sulu.

Figure 1. Percent Distribution of Household Population by Municipality and by Sex, Sulu: 2015
Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

There are also more women than men recorded in the municipalities of Luuk, Parang, Pata Panglima Estino (New Panamao), Old Panamao, Patikul, Jolo, Siasi, Omar, Maimbung, Pandami, Tapul, Pangutaran and Lugus, while more men were registered in the municipalities of Hadji Panglima Tahil (Marunggas), Indanan, Kalingalan Caluang, Tongkil and Talipao (Figure 1 and Table 2).

Table 2. Distribution of Household Population by Municipality and by Sex, Sulu: 2015
Municipality Sex
Women Men Total
Sulu 416,744 407,239 823,983
Hadji Panglima Tahil (Marunggas) 3,174 3,201 6,375
Indanan 39,992 40,399 80,391
Jolo 63,881 61,538 125,419
Kalingalan Caluang 15,649 15,918 31,567
Lugus 10,960 10,937 21,897
Luuk 16,691 15,471 32,162
Maimbung 19,189 18,725 37,914
Old Panamao 20,956 20,042 40,998
Omar 12,735 12,381 25,116
Pandami 13,034 12,779 25,813
Panglima Estino (New Panamao) 14,742 14,075 28,817
Pangutaran 15,318 15,295 30,613
Parang 32,128 30,044 62,172
Pata 11,441 10,722 22,163
Patikul 31,760 30,527 62,287
Siasi 34,360 33,306 67,666
Talipao 39,635 40,620 80,255
Tapul 9,173 9,024 18,197
Tongkil 11,926 12,235 24,161
Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015
 
Figure 2. Percent Distribution of Household Population by Marital Status and by Sex, Sulu: 2015
Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015
 
Table 3. Household Population 10 Years Old and Over by Marital Status and by Sex, Sulu: 2015
Marital Status Sex Total
Women Men
Sulu 298,549 290,267 558,816
Single/Never Married 149,041 147,249 296,290
Married 136,471 136,058 272,529
Widowed 10,079 4,904 14,983
Divorced/Separated 2,398 1,505 3,903
Common-Law/Live-in 557 549 1,106
Unknown 3 2 5
Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

As shown above (Figure 2 and Table 3), the number of single or never married women in the province of Sulu is more than that of single or never married men comprising 50.3 percent and 49.7 of the provincial household population, respectively.

Women comprised 50.1 percent, while men are 49.9 percent of the married population. In summary, there are more women than men in all marital status.

Table 4. Distribution of Household Population by Age-Group and by Sex, Sulu: 2015
Age-Group Sex Total
Women Men
All Ages 416,744 407,239 823,983
Under 1 7,793 7,577 15,370
1 - 4 49,650 49,605 99,255
5 - 9 60,752 59,790 120,542
10 - 14 56,987 56,742 113,729
15 - 19 47,901 46,412 94,313
20 - 24 35,137 31,540 66,677
25 - 29 31,441 27,123 58,564
30 - 34 28,529 25,057 53,586
35 - 39 29,330 27,165 56,495
40 - 44 23,807 23,453 47,260
45 - 49 17,818 19,215 37,033
50 - 54 10,667 13,143 23,810
55 - 59 6,589 8,295 14,884
60 - 64 4,255 5,299 9,554
65 - 69 2,868 3,234 6,102
70 - 74 1,628 1,900 3,528
75 - 79 905 1,006 1,911
80 years and over 687 683 1,370
 
0 - 4 57,443 57,182 114,625
0 - 14 175,182 173,714 348,896
15 - 64 235,474 226,702 462,176
18 years and over 210,203 203,192 413,395
60 years and over 10,343 12,122 22,465
65 years and over 6,088 6,823 12,911
Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

Table 4 shows that Sulu province has more women than men, specifically in the age-group from under one to 44 years old and 80 years old and over. On the other hand, there are more men in the age-group of 45-79 years old.

The youth population from age-group 15-24 years old reached a total of 160,990 persons comprising 19.5 percent of the total household population of Sulu, of which, 10.0 percent are women and 9.5 percent is men. Among the working age-group 15-64 years old and voting age-group 18 years old and over, the results show that there are more women than men. However, in the age-group 45-79 years old, there are more men than women, while in the age-group 80 years old and over, percentage of women are slightly higher than that of men.

Table 5. Distribution of Total Population by Religious Affiliation and by Sex, Sulu: 2015
Religious Affiliation Sex Total
Women Men
Islam 412,808 403,465 816,273
Roman Catholic, including Catholic Charismatic 2,065 2,444 4,509
Miracle Revival Church of the Philippines 746 729 1,475
Other Religious Affiliations 572 525 1,097
Tribal Religions 214 216 430
International One Way Outreach 114 114 228
Evangelicals (Philippine Council of Evangelical Churches) 90 93 183
Iglesia ni Cristo 83 90 173
Other Protestants 51 45 96
Jehovah’s Witness 39 49 88
Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

Table 5 and Figure 3 show the top 10 religious affiliation of the total population of Sulu. The top one religious affiliation in the province is Islam which is 98.8 percent of the total population, of which 50.6 percent are women and 49.4 percent are men. This is followed by followers of Roman Catholic with 0.6 percent of the total population, of which men is more than women, as well as in Tribal Religions, Evangelicals (Philippine Council of Evangelical Churches), Iglesia ni Cristo and Jehovah’s Witness. On the other hand, there are more women than men in Miracle Revival Church of the Philippines, Other Religious Affiliations, Other Protestants, while in International One Way Outreach, percentage of men and women are equally distributed.

Figure 3. Percent Distribution of Total Population by Religious Affiliation and by Sex, Sulu: 2015
Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015
 
Table 6. Distribution of Household Population 5 to 24 Years old Who Were Currently Attending School by Age-Group and by Sex, Sulu: 2015
Age-Group Household Population 5 to 24 Years Old Household Population 5 to 24 Years Old Who Were Currently Attending School
Sex Total Sex Total
Women Men Women Men
Sulu 200,777 194,484 395,261 145,874 141,642 287,516
5 - 9 60,752 59,790 120,542 46,938 46,257 93,195
10 - 14 56,987 56,742 113,729 51,502 51,060 102,562
15 - 19 47,901 46,412 94,313 36,105 34,206 70,311
20 - 24 35,137 31,540 66,677 11,329 10,119 21,448
Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

In determining the school attendance rate, the age group to be considered is the household population 10 – 24 years old. There are 395,261 persons from this age group and 72.7 percent of which were currently attending school in 2015-2016. There are more women than men who were currently attending school.

Table 7. Literacy of the Household population 10 Years Old and Over  by Age-Group and by Sex, Sulu: 2015
Age-Group Household Population 10 years old and over Literate
Sex Total Sex Total
Women Men Women Men
Sulu 298,549 290,267 588,816 249,134 239,548 488,682
10 - 14 56,987 56,742 113,729 53,212 52,869 106,081
15 - 19 47,901 46,412 94,313 44,786 43,173 87,959
20 - 24 35,137 31,540 66,677 31,826 28,235 60,061
25 - 29 31,441 27,123 58,564 27,006 23,125 50,131
30 - 34 28,529 25,057 53,586 23,538 20,076 43,614
35 - 39 29,330 27,165 56,495 23,386 21,404 44,790
40 - 44 23,807 23,453 47,260 17,556 16,961 34,517
45 - 49 17,818 19,215 37,033 12,615 13,691 26,306
50 - 54 10,667 13,143 23,810 6,709 8,443 15,152
55 - 59 6,589 8,295 14,884 3,939 5,295 9,234
60 - 64 4,255 5,299 9,554 2,157 3,043 5,200
65 years old and over 6,088 6,823 12,911 2,404 3,233 5,637
Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

A person can be considered literate if he/she is able to read and write a simple message in any language or dialect. The age group to be considered in determining the literacy rate is the household population 10 years old and over. There are 588,816 persons who belong to this age group and 83.0 percent of which are considered literate. Out of this literate household population, 51.0 percent were women and the remaining 49.0 percent are men, as shown in Table 7.

Table 8. Total Population 5 years Old and Over by Highest Grade/Year Completed and by Sex, Sulu: 2015
Highest Grade/Year Completed Sex Total
Women Men
Sulu 359,417 350,688 710,105
No Grade Completed 65,845 66,149 131,994
Pre-School 12,598 12,349 24,947
Special Education 118 123 241
Elementary 146,440 148,679 295,119
    1st - 4th Grade 87,321 90,011 177,332
    5th - 6th Grade 33,259 33,399 66,658
    Graduate 25,860 25,269 51,129
High School 78,947 73,248 152,195
    Undergraduate 53,750 50,623 104,373
    Graduate 25,197 22,625 47,822
Post-Secondary 1,841 1,481 3,322
    Undergraduate 208 222 430
    Graduate 1,633 1,259 2,892
College Undergraduate 35,399 32,376 67,775
Academic Degree Holder 18,107 16,162 34,269
Post Baccalaureate 122 120 242
Not Stated - 1 1
Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

Table 8 shows that there are more women than men who pursued High School, Post-Secondary, College Undergraduate, Academic Degree Holder and Post Baccalaureate, while there are more men than women who has No Grade Completed and pursued Elementary among the household population age 5 years old and over.

Table 9. Overseas Workers 15 Years Old and Over by Highest Grade/Year Completed and by Sex, Sulu: 2015
Highest Grade/Year Completed Sex Total
Women Men
Overseas 5,805 3,686 9,491
No Grade Completed 296 294 590
Pre-School 1             -    1
Special Education 5 7 12
Elementary 1,105 787 1,892
    1st - 4th Grade 439 357 796
    5th - 6th Grade 334 240 574
    Graduate 332 190 522
High School 1,744 870 2,614
    Undergraduate 654 363 1,017
    Graduate 1,090 507 1,597
Post-Secondary 150 58 208
    Undergraduate 2 8 10
    Graduate 148 50 198
College Undergraduate 875 561 1,436
Academic Degree Holder 1,627 1,106 2,733
Post Baccalaureate 2 3 5
Not Stated             -                -                -   
Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

Among the overseas workers age 15 years old and over, there are more men than women in all major occupation groups except among managers and professionals.

Table 10. Gainful Workers 15 Years Old and Over by Major Occupation Group and by Sex, Sulu: 2015
Major Occupation Group Sex Total
Women Men
Sulu 63,228 176,436 239,664
Managers 7,978 5,621 13,599
Professionals 6,472 3,374 9,846
Technicians and Associate Professionals 1,318 1,836 3,154
Clerical Support Workers 2,337 2,422 4,759
Service and Sales Workers 14,540 17,803 32,343
Skilled Agricultural Forestry and Fishery Workers 17,043 108,321 125,364
Craft and Related Trades Workers 1,861 5,572 7,433
Plant and Machine Operators and Assemblers 527 16,975 17,502
Elementary Occupations 10,479 13,327 23,806
Armed Forces Occupations 17 504 521
Other Occupation Not Elsewhere Classified 2 - 2
Not Reported 654 681 1,335
Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

The population of gainful workers age 15 years old and over are dominated by men (73.6 percent, while women at 26.4 percent). As shown Table 10, more than half or 52.3 percent of the gainful workers are skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers, of which 86.4 percent are men and 13.6 percent are women.

Table 11. Number of Households by Age-Group and by Sex, Sulu: 2015
Age-Group Sex Total
Women Men
Sulu 8,601 129,756 138,357
Below 20 21 384 405
20 - 29 614 17,552 18,166
30 - 39 1,734 43,025 44,759
40 - 49 2,659 39,950 42,609
50 - 59 1,985 19,717 21,702
60 - 69 1,130 6,973 8,103
70 - 79 370 1,776 2,146
80 years and over 88 379 467
Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

About 93.8 percent of the households in Sulu are headed by men, while 6.2 percent are headed by women. There are also more men household head than women in all age groups.

Figure 4. Percent Distribution of Household by Age-Group and by Sex, Sulu: 2015
Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

Technical notes:

Total population is the sum of the household population and institutional population. It also includes Filipinos in Philippine embassies, consulates, and missions abroad.

Household population comprises of persons who belong to a household, the basic criterion of which is the usual place of residence or the place where the person usually resides.

Marital status is the personal status of each individual with reference to the marriage laws or customs of the country.

Religious affiliation is a particular system of beliefs, attitudes, emotions, and behaviors constituting man’s relationship with the powers and principalities of the universe.

School attendance rate the proportion of persons 5 to 24 years old who were attending school during the School Year June 2015 to March 2016 to school-age population (5 to 24 years old)

Simple literacy rate the proportion of persons aged 10 years and over who are able to read and write a simple message in any language or dialect.

Grade/year completed the highest grade or year completed in school, college or university.

 

(Sgd) HJI. RAZULDEN A. MANGELEN, MPA, MDM
(Chief Statistical Specialist)
Officer-in-Charge
RSSO-ARMM