Livestock Situation Report in ARMM, January – March 2018

July 6, 2018Special Release Ref No.: 2018-028

PRODUCTION

ARMM ranked last among the 16 regions in the country in terms of livestock production in the first quarter of 2018 contributing 1.1 percent of the total production (Figure 1). This is also true in hog production with a share of 0.6 percent, while the region ranked 15th in carabao production and 13th in cattle production with a share of 2.7 percent and 3.2 percent, respectively. Nevertheless, ARMM belonged to the top seven goat producers in the country during this period contributing 7.2 percent.

Figure 1. Volume of Livestock Production by Region, Philippines: Q1 2018 (in MT)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Hog comprises 42.5 percent of the total livestock production

Livestock production of ARMM increased by 3.2 percent or to a total of 7,305 metric tons (MT) in the first quarter of 2018 compared with that of the previous year of the same quarter with 7,801 MT (Figure 2). Production for all animal types also increased except for that of Carabao which decreased by 2.7 percent. Hog production recorded the highest positive annual growth rate of 5.7 percent and contributed the largest share of 42.5 percent to the total livestock production in the region during the first quarter of 2018.

 

Figure 2. Volume of Livestock Production in ARMM by Animal Type: Q1 2017-2018 (in MT)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

INVENTORY

Livestock inventory increased by 3.4 percent

ARMM reported a total of 403,679 unit heads of livestock inventory in the first quarter of 2018, which is higher by 3.4 percent than that of the previous year. Lanao del Sur had the highest share of 30.1 percent, followed by Basilan, Maguindanao, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi with corresponding shares of 29.9 percent, 23.5 percent, 10.6 percent and 5.9 percent, respectively.

About 42.0 percent of the livestock inventory in ARMM is composed of goats, of which more than half or 51.3 percent are found in Lanao del Sur (Figure 3). Carabao is the second animal type with the highest inventory comprising 29.1 percent of the total regional livestock inventory and 65.4 percent of which are found in Maguindanao. Inventory of cattle and hog comprised the remaining 17.9 percent and 11.0 percent of the livestock inventory in the region, respectively. About 33.6 percent of the cattle inventory are in Sulu, while 90.1 percent of hog inventory are in Basilan.

Figure 3. Livestock Inventory in ARMM by Animal Type and by Province: Q1 2018 (in Heads)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

SLAUGHTERED ANIMALS

Almost half of the slaughtered animals are in Maguindanao

During the first quarter of 2018, the number of slaughtered animals in slaughterhouses in ARMM increased by 20.1 percent without posting any significant change from that of the previous year. ARMM has recorded a total of 5,770 heads of carabao, cattle, hog and goat, 47.6 percent of which were in Maguindanao (Figure 4). There was also no significant change in Basilan and Tawi-Tawi which reported a share of 23.5 percent and 1.2 percent in the total number of slaughtered animals, respectively. Moreover, Sulu recorded a 153.2 percent increase in the number of slaughtered animals contributing 27.6 percent of the total estimate. On the other hand, there was no available data in Lanao del Sur.

Figure 4. Number of Slaughtered Animals in Slaughterhouses in ARMM, by Province: Q1 2017-2018 (in Heads)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Figure 5 shows that about 42.2 percent or 2,433 heads of slaughtered animals in ARMM were swine, 63.8 percent of which were slaughtered in Maguindanao while the remaining 36.2 percent were from Basilan. Sulu and Maguindanao recorded 83.5 percent and 16.5 percent of the slaughtered carabao in the region. More than half or 53.7 percent of the slaughtered cattle were recorded in Basilan. Moreover, 100 percent of the total number of slaughtered goat in the region were recorded in Maguindanao.

Figure 5. Number of Slaughtered Animals in Slaughterhouses in ARMM, by Animal Type: Q1 2017-2018 (in Heads)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

PRICES

Farmgate Prices

The average farmgate price of backyard livestock commodities in ARMM for the first quarter of 2018 is recorded at P124.76 per kilogram. This is 32.6 percent higher than that of the first quarter of the previous year. Among the four major livestock commodities in the region, goat, particularly for slaughter, posted the highest farmgate price of P167.37 per kilogram, as shown in Figure 1. This is followed by cattle (for slaughter), carabao (for work) and hogs (upgraded for breeding and slaughter) with corresponding average farmgate prices of P125.26, P104.88 and P101.50 per kilogram.

Figure 6. Farmgate Price of Livestock Commodities in ARMM: Q1 2018 (in Php)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Table 1 shows the average farmgate price of livestock commodities in each province of ARMM in the first quarter of 2018. Tawi-Tawi posted the highest average farmgate price of P252.21 per kilogram during this period which is derived only from the farmgate price per kilogram of goat (for slaughter). This is followed by Maguindanao and Sulu with average farmgate price of P138.66 and P112.45 per kilogram, respectively, prices derived from cattle, goat and hogs only for both provinces. Basilan recorded an average farmgate price of P104.35 per kilogram from the farmgate prices of all livestock commodities. On the other hand, there is no data available from Lanao del Sur.

Table 1. Farmgate Price of Livestock Commodities in ARMM, by Province: Q1 2018 (in Php)
Region/Province Commodities/Price per Kilogram Average
Carabao Cattle Goat Hogs
ARMM 104.88 125.28 167.37 101.5 124.76
Basilan 104.88 104.46 105.54 102.51 104.35
Lanao del Sur .. .. .. .. ..
Maguindanao .. 153.86 167.12 95 138.66
Sulu .. 132.11 116.36 88.89 112.45
Tawi-Tawi .. .. 252.31 .. 252.31
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Retail Prices

The average retail price of meat in ARMM increased by 8.3 percent, or to a total of P194.48 per kilogram, between the first quarters of 2017 and 2018. Retail price of all meat types marketed in the region, namely beef lean meat, beef meat with bones, pork lean meat, pork meat with bones and pork pata (front), also increased during this period by 5.2 percent, 3.2 percent, 16.7 percent, 5.1 percent and 13.5 percent, respectively. Figure 2 shows that among these meats, beef lean meat is the most expensive amounting at P263.59 per kilogram during this period. It is followed by pork lean meat (P196.00), beef meat with bones (P172.67), pork meat (P172.15) with bones and pork pata (P168.00).

Figure 7. Retail Price of Meat in ARMM, by Type: Q1 2018 (in Php)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

The Province of Tawi-Tawi also recorded the highest average retail price of livestock meat in the first quarter of 2018, amounting at P223.11 per kilogram. This is derived from the retail prices of beef lean meat and beef meat with bones. With the same meat commodities as Tawi-Tawi, Sulu recorded the second highest average retail price of P216.51 per kilogram. Basilan markets beef lean meat, beef meat with bones and pork meat with bones during this period with an average retail price of P210.00. Lastly, Maguindanao has the five meat types and recorded the lowest average retail price of P192.08 per kilogram. On the other hand, Lanao del Sur still has no available data for this sector.

Table 2. Retail Price of Meat in ARMM, by Type and by Province:Q1 2018 (in Php)
Region/Province Type of Meat/Price per Kilogram Average
Beef Lean Meat Beef Meat with bones Pork Lean Meat Pork Meat with bones Pork Pata (front)
ARMM 263.59 172.67 196 172.15 168 194.48
Basilan 270 180 .. 180 .. 210.00
Lanao del Sur .. .. .. .. ..  
Maguindanao 252.39 176 196 168 168 192.08
Sulu 270.22 162.79 .. .. .. 216.51
Tawi-Tawi 272.26 173.97 .. .. .. 223.11
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

TECHNICAL NOTES

The Situation Report on Livestock Industry in ARMM presents the performance of the livestock industry of the region in terms of volume of production, inventory, number of slaughtered animals in slaughterhouses and prices in the first quarter of 2018 (January to March 2018).

This describes the situation of livestock industry in ARMM by providing comparative analyses of data on production between first quarters of 2017 and 2018, among regions across the Philippines, among provinces across ARMM, and among varieties and commodities.

Concepts and Definitions

Backyard Farm - any farm or household whether farming or non-farming raising at least one head of animal and does not qualify as a commercial farm.

Commercial Farm - any livestock farm which satisfies at least one of the following conditions:

  • At least tending 21 heads of adult and zero head of young
  • At least tending 41 heads of young animals
  • At least tending 10 heads of adult and 22 heads of young

Inventory - the actual number of domesticated animals present in the farm as of a specific reference date.

  • Beginning Inventory is the number of live animals at the beginning of the reference period i.e. for January to March, the beginning inventory is as of January 1.
  • Ending Inventory is the number of live animals at the end of the reference period i.e. for January to March, the remaining inventory is as of April 1.

Slaughterhouses (SHs) - premises that are approved and registered by the NMIS and LGUs in which food animals are slaughtered for human consumption.

Slaughtered in Slaughterhouses - number of animals slaughtered in accredited slaughterhouses (AAA, AA, A).

Volume of Production - the volume of locally-raised animals disposed for slaughter which include animals shipped-out for slaughter. This is expressed in thousand metric tons, liveweight.

Farmgate Prices - are prices received by farmers for the sale of their produce at first point of sale during their last transaction within the reference period.

Coverage:

Carabao for work
Cattle for slaughter
Goat for breeding and slaughter
Hogs upgraded for breeding and slaughter

Retail Prices are the prices at which retailers sell commodities to consumers.

 

(Sgd) HJI. RAZULDEN A. MANGELEN, MPA, MDM
(Chief Statistical Specialist)
Officer-in-Charge
RSSO-ARMM