Annual Fisheries Situationer in ARMM (2016 and 2017)
Fisheries production in ARMM increased by 3.9% in 2017
By the end of the year 2017, ARMM was considered as the largest producer of fisheries commodities in Mindanao with a share of 43.2 percent. The volume of fisheries production increased by 3.9 percent in 2017 to a total of 856,152.92 metric tons (MT) from 824,314.51 MT in the previous year.
Production of aquaculture fisheries recorded the greatest contribution of 76.3 percent among those of other fisheries sectors in the region. It increased by 4.6 percent in 2017 to a total of 653,299.70 MT compared with the 624,669.75 MT production during the year before.
On the other hand, production of municipal fisheries increased by 7.4 percent to a total of 22,195.04 MT in 2017 from 20,670.16 MT production in 2016. This growth rate is recorded as the highest among those of the other fisheries sectors in the region.
Production of marine municipal and commercial fisheries increased by 2.0 percent and decreased by 0.05 percent, respectively, between 2017 and 2016.
Tawi-Tawi has the largest share of fisheries production among all provinces in ARMM in 2017 with a total production of 368,243.59 MT. On the other hand, Lanao del Sur the least contribution with 13,597.66 MT total production.
Aquaculture Production in ARMM
By the end of the year 2017, ARMM, with a share of 43.3 percent, was considered as the largest producer of aquaculture fisheries among all regions in Mindanao. Among all provinces in ARMM, Tawi-Tawi has the largest share in this sector estimated at 51.5 percent of the regional estimate, while Lanao del Sur contributed the least share of nearly zero percent.
Municipal Fisheries Production in ARMM
ARMM, considered as the largest producer, contributed 28.5 percent to the total municipal fisheries production of Mindanao in 2017. Production in the region increased by 3.0 percent, from 108,942.08 MT production in 2016 to a total of 112,197.07 MT production in 2017.
This sector is divided into two types: inland and marine municipal fisheries.
Inland Municipal Fisheries
There was a 7.4 percent increase in inland municipal fisheries production in ARMM, from 20,670.16 MT in 2016 to 22,195.04 MT in 2017. Maguindanao has the largest share of production among all regions in ARMM, while Sulu and Tawi-Tawi have no production in this sector.
Marine Municipal Fisheries
From the year 2016 to 2017, ARMM marine municipal fisheries production recorded a 2.0 percent increase to a total of 90,002.03 MT. Tawi-Tawi, which is the biggest contributor in this sector in the region, recorded a production of 45,314.4 MT i.e. 50.3 percent of the total ARMM marine municipal fisheries production in 2017. On the other hand, Basilan has the least production with a share of 6.4 percent.
Commercial Fisheries Production in ARMM
In 2017, ARMM was the third largest producer of commercial fisheries among all regions in Mindanao with a shre of 14.7 percent. Likewise, Sulu was the top producer in ARMM sharing 82.6 percent to the total regional estimate. On the other hand, Maguindanao was the smallest producer with a share of 0.8 percent.
Concepts and Definition:
Aquafarm - the farming facilities used in the culture or propagation of aquatic species including fish, mollusk, crustaceans and aquatic plants for purposes of rearing to enhance production.
Brackishwater – is a mixture of seawater and freshwater with salinity that varies with the tide. Examples are estuaries, mangroves and mouths of rivers where seawater enters during high tide.
Commercial fishing – is the catching of fish with the use of fishing boats with a capacity of more than three gross tons for trade, business or profit beyond subsistence or sports fishing.
Fisheries - all activities relating to the act or business of fishing, culturing, preserving, processing, marketing, developing, conserving and managing aquatic resources and the fishery areas including the privilege to fish or take aquatic resources thereof (RA 8550).
Fisheries Sector - the sector engaged in the production, growing, harvesting, processing, marketing, developing, conserving and managing of aquatic resources and fishery areas.
Fish Cage - stationary or floating fish enclosure made of synthetic net wire/bamboo screen or other materials set in the form of inverted mosquito net ("happa" type) with or without cover with all sides either tied to poles stacked to the water bottom or with anchored floats for aquaculture purposes.
Fishing Gear - any instrument or device and its accessories utilized in taking fish and other fishery species.
Fishing Grounds - areas in any body of water where fish and other aquatic resources congregate and become target of capture.
Fish Pen - an artificial enclosure constructed within a body of water for culturing fish and fishery/ aquatic resources made up of bamboo poles closely arranged in an enclosure with wooden materials, screen or nylon netting to prevent escape of fish.
Fishpond - a body of water (artificial or natural) where fish and other aquatic products are cultured, raised or cultivated under controlled conditions. This is land-based type of aquafarm. Note that the setting-up of fish cages in ponds does not make the operation of fish cage and at the same time a fishpond.
Freshwater – is water without salt or marine origin, such as generally found in lakes, rivers, canals, dams, reservoirs, paddy fields and swamps.
Landing Center - place where the fish catch and other aquatic products are unloaded and traded.
Inland Municipal Fishing - the catching of fish, crustaceans, mollusks and all other aquatic animals and plants in inland water like lakes, rivers, dams, marshes, etc. using simple gears and fishing boats some of which are non-motorized with a capacity of three gross tons or less; or fishing not requiring the use of fishing boats.
Municipal Fishing - covers fishing operation carried out with or without the use of a boat weighing three gross tons or less.