Annual Fisheries Situationer in ARMM (2016 and 2017)

June 1, 2018Special Release Ref No.: 2018-020

Fisheries production in ARMM increased by 3.9% in 2017

By the end of the year 2017, ARMM was considered as the largest producer of fisheries commodities in Mindanao with a share of 43.2 percent. The volume of fisheries production increased by 3.9 percent in 2017 to a total of 856,152.92 metric tons (MT) from 824,314.51 MT in the previous year.

Production of aquaculture fisheries recorded the greatest contribution of 76.3 percent among those of other fisheries sectors in the region. It increased by 4.6 percent in 2017 to a total of 653,299.70 MT compared with the 624,669.75 MT production during the year before.

On the other hand, production of municipal fisheries increased by 7.4 percent to a total of 22,195.04 MT in 2017 from 20,670.16 MT production in 2016. This growth rate is recorded as the highest among those of the other fisheries sectors in the region.

Production of marine municipal and commercial fisheries increased by 2.0 percent and decreased by 0.05 percent, respectively, between 2017 and 2016.

Figure 1. Volume of Fisheries Production in ARMM by Sector: Annual, 2016 and 2017
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Tawi-Tawi has the largest share of fisheries production among all provinces in ARMM in 2017 with a total production of 368,243.59 MT. On the other hand, Lanao del Sur the least contribution with 13,597.66 MT total production.

Figure 2. Volume of Fisheries Production by Province: Annual, 2016 and 2017
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Aquaculture Production in ARMM

By the end of the year 2017, ARMM, with a share of 43.3 percent, was considered as the largest producer of aquaculture fisheries among all regions in Mindanao. Among all provinces in ARMM, Tawi-Tawi has the largest share in this sector estimated at 51.5 percent of the regional estimate, while Lanao del Sur contributed the least share of nearly zero percent.

Figure 3. Volume of Aquaculture Production by Province: Annual, 2016-2017 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Municipal Fisheries Production in ARMM

ARMM, considered as the largest producer, contributed 28.5 percent to the total municipal fisheries production of Mindanao in 2017. Production in the region increased by 3.0 percent, from 108,942.08 MT production in 2016 to a total of 112,197.07 MT production in 2017.

This sector is divided into two types: inland and marine municipal fisheries.

Inland Municipal Fisheries

There was a 7.4 percent increase in inland municipal fisheries production in ARMM, from 20,670.16 MT in 2016 to 22,195.04 MT in 2017. Maguindanao has the largest share of production among all regions in ARMM, while Sulu and Tawi-Tawi have no production in this sector.

Figure 4. Volume of Inland Municipal Fisheries Production by Province: Annual, 2016-2017
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Marine Municipal Fisheries

From the year 2016 to 2017, ARMM marine municipal fisheries production recorded a 2.0 percent increase to a total of 90,002.03 MT. Tawi-Tawi, which is the biggest contributor in this sector in the region, recorded a production of 45,314.4 MT i.e. 50.3 percent of the total ARMM marine municipal fisheries production in 2017. On the other hand, Basilan has the least production with a share of 6.4 percent.

Figure 5. Volume of Marine Municipal Fisheries Production by Province: Annual, 2016-2017
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Commercial Fisheries Production in ARMM

In 2017, ARMM was the third largest producer of commercial fisheries among all regions in Mindanao with a shre of 14.7 percent. Likewise, Sulu was the top producer in ARMM sharing 82.6 percent to the total regional estimate. On the other hand, Maguindanao was the smallest producer with a share of 0.8 percent.

Figure 6. Volume of Commercial Fisheries Production by Province: Annual, 2016-2017
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Technical Notes:

The Fisheries Production Survey of the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) is divided into four (4) major fisheries surveys. These are the Quarterly Commercial Fisheries Survey (QCFS), Quarterly Municipal Fisheries Survey (QMFS), Quarterly Inland Fisheries Survey (QIFS) and Quarterly Aquaculture Survey (QAqS). The commercial and municipal fisheries surveys aim to provide quarterly data on volume and value of fish production by species, by region and by province. The aquaculture surveys are intended to generate quarterly data on volume and value of cultured species by environment, by type of aquafarm, by region and by province.
 
The survey on commercial fisheries production covered 57 provinces and cities. For municipal fisheries and aquaculture surveys 81 provinces and cities were covered.
 
The sampling frames for the surveys of commercial and municipal fisheries were established in 2000 through a nationwide listing of landing centers (LCs). Updating of the lists was conducted over the years. The designed used was a two-stage stratified random sampling with the landing centers as the first-stage sampling units and fishing boats as the second stage sampling units. The landing centers were stratified based on volume of fish unloaded. The province was the domain of the survey. Inland municipal fisheries included fishing in inland waters such as lakes, rivers, dams, marshes, swamps, etc. Household engaged in inland fishing was the unit of enumeration. For aquaculture survey, the lists of brackishwater fishponds, freshwater fishponds, freshwater fish pens/fish cages, marine fish pens/ fish cages, oyster/mussel and seaweed farms by province served as the sampling frames.

Concepts and Definition:

Aquaculture - fishery operation involving all forms of raising and culturing of fish and other fishery species in marine, brackish and fresh water environment. Examples are fishponds, fish pens, fish cages, mussel, oyster, seaweed farms and hatcheries.

Aquafarm - the farming facilities used in the culture or propagation of aquatic species including fish, mollusk, crustaceans and aquatic plants for purposes of rearing to enhance production.

Brackishwater – is a mixture of seawater and freshwater with salinity that varies with the tide. Examples are estuaries, mangroves and mouths of rivers where seawater enters during high tide.

Commercial fishing – is the catching of fish with the use of fishing boats with a capacity of more than three gross tons for trade, business or profit beyond subsistence or sports fishing.

Fisheries - all activities relating to the act or business of fishing, culturing, preserving, processing, marketing, developing, conserving and managing aquatic resources and the fishery areas including the privilege to fish or take aquatic resources thereof (RA 8550).

Fisheries Sector - the sector engaged in the production, growing, harvesting, processing, marketing, developing, conserving and managing of aquatic resources and fishery areas.

Fish Cage - stationary or floating fish enclosure made of synthetic net wire/bamboo screen or other materials set in the form of inverted mosquito net ("happa" type) with or without cover with all sides either tied to poles stacked to the water bottom or with anchored floats for aquaculture purposes.

Fishing Gear - any instrument or device and its accessories utilized in taking fish and other fishery species.

Fishing Grounds - areas in any body of water where fish and other aquatic resources congregate and become target of capture.

Fish Pen - an artificial enclosure constructed within a body of water for culturing fish and fishery/ aquatic resources made up of bamboo poles closely arranged in an enclosure with wooden materials, screen or nylon netting to prevent escape of fish.

Fishpond - a body of water (artificial or natural) where fish and other aquatic products are cultured, raised or cultivated under controlled conditions. This is land-based type of aquafarm. Note that the setting-up of fish cages in ponds does not make the operation of fish cage and at the same time a fishpond.

Freshwater – is water without salt or marine origin, such as generally found in lakes, rivers, canals, dams, reservoirs, paddy fields and swamps.

Landing Center - place where the fish catch and other aquatic products are unloaded and traded.

Inland Municipal Fishing - the catching of fish, crustaceans, mollusks and all other aquatic animals and plants in inland water like lakes, rivers, dams, marshes, etc. using simple gears and fishing boats some of which are non-motorized with a capacity of three gross tons or less; or fishing not requiring the use of fishing boats.

Municipal Fishing - covers fishing operation carried out with or without the use of a boat weighing three gross tons or less.

 

(Sgd) HJI. RAZULDEN A. MANGELEN, MPA, MDM
(Chief Statistical Specialist)
Officer-in-Charge
RSSO-ARMM