Women and Men in the Province of Tawi-Tawi (Based on the Results of 2015 Census of Population)

May 5, 2018Special Release Ref No.: 2018-015

The 2015 Census of Population (POPCEN 2015) results revealed that the total population in the province of Tawi-Tawi reached to 390,715 persons, which were projected at around 489,100 persons by 2020. There were more men than women in 2015, as well as in the projected population in 2020.

Table 1. Distribution of Total Population and Projected Population by Age-Group and by Sex, Tawi-Tawi: 2015 and 2020 
Age Group 2015 Total Population 2020 Total Population
Sex Sex
Women Men Women Men
ARMM 193,675 197,040 390,715 243,400 245,700 489,100
0-4 25,544 26,793 52,337 27,500 29,300 56,800
5-9 26,319 27,399 53,718 26,900 28,700 55,600
10-14 24,943 25,289 50,232 25,900 27,600 53,500
15-19 21,448 21,404 42,852 24,200 25,600 49,800
20-24 17,619 16,969 34,588 20,900 20,100 41,000
25-29 16,205 14,677 30,882 20,800 20,200 41,000
30-34 13,504 12,734 26,238 19,700 19,300 39,000
35-39 12,948 12,738 25,686 17,400 17,100 34,500
40-44 10,050 10,764 20,814 14,600 14,200 28,800
45-49 8,438 8,867 17,305 12,400 11,900 24,300
50-54 5,947 6,852 12,799 10,100 9,500 19,600
55-59 4,099 4,670 8,769 8,000 7,600 15,600
60-64 2,670 3,413 6,083 6,200 5,900 12,100
65-69 1,780 2,102 3,882 4,300 4,200 8,500
70-74 1,022 1,262 2,284 2,500 2,500 5,000
75-79 568 577 1,145 1,300 1,300 2,600
80+ 571 530 1,101 700 700 1,400
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015, 2020

In POPCEN 2015, the household population in the province of Tawi-Tawi reached 389,714 persons of which 50.4 percent were men and the remaining 49.6 percent were women. These figures can be interpreted to sex ratio of 102 men for every 100 women. Almost all municipalities in the province of Tawi-Tawi recorded similar trend, except for the municipality of Bongao (See Fig. 1 and Table 2).

Figure 1. Percent Distribution of Population by Province and Sex: Tawi-Tawi, 2015 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015
 
Table 2. Distribution of Household Population by Province and by Sex, Tawi-Tawi: 2015 
Province Sex Total
Women Men
Tawi-Tawi 193,228 196,486 389,714
Bongao (capital) 50,226 49,489 99,715
Languyan 16,172 17,133 33,305
Mapun 13,070 13,527 26,597
Panglima Sugala 21,721 22,463 44,184
Sapa-Sapa 15,391 15,526 30,917
Sibutu 15,093 15,294 30,387
Simunul 15,131 16,092 31,223
Sitangkai 16,617 16,717 33,334
South Uban 12,932 13,003 25,935
Tandubas 14,656 14,734 29,390
Turtle Islands 2,219 2,508 4,727
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

As seen from Table 3, there are more men than its women counterpart among the household population 10 years old and over in Tawi-Tawi. As to the marital status, there are more single/never married men in Tawi-Tawi than women, which accounted to 51.6 percent of the 136,547 household population who are 10 years old and over (Refer to Fig. 2 and Table 3). Slightly more men are reported married than their women counterpart. The results further reported that there are more women who are widowed, divorced/ separated and unknown marital status with 69.5 percent, 57.1 percent and 59.2 percent, respectively. However, there are less women than men reported under Live-in/Common-Law marital status. It was shown in Table 3 that the number of widowed women is higher than its men counterpart by more than two folds.

Figure 2. Percent Distribution of Population by Marital Status and Sex: Tawi-Tawi, 2015 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015
 
Table 3. Distribution of Household Population 10 Years Old and Over by Marital Status and by Sex, Tawi-Tawi: 2015 
Marital Status Sex Total
Women Men
Tawi-Tawi 141,812 142,848 284,660
Single/Never Married 66,119 70,428 136,547
Married 68,125 68,470 136,595
Widowed 5,856 2,575 8,431
Live-in/Common-Law 335 341 676
Divorced/Separated 1,348 1,014 2,362
Unknown 29 20 49
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

The top five religious affiliations in the province of Tawi-Tawi are shown in Table 4 and Fig. 3. Of the total population, 96.6 percent were Muslims of which 49.6 percent were women and 50.4 percent were men. This was followed by Roman Catholics (including Catholic Charismatic) with less women than men; followers of Miracle Revival Churches of the Philippines with more women than the men counterpart; followers of Philippine Council of Evangelical Churches, still with more women than men; and followers of Iglesia ni Cristo with more men than women.

Table 4. Distribution of Total Population by Religious Affiliation and by Sex, Tawi-Tawi: 2015 
Religion Affiliation Sex Total
Women Men
Islam 187,439 190,146 377,585
Roman Catholic 4,413 5,097 9,510
Miracle Revival Church of the Phil. 563 487 1,070
Phil. Council of Evangelical Churches 731 372 350
Iglesia ni Cristo 116 126 242
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015
 
Figure 3. Percent Distribution by of Religious Affiliation and Sex: Tawi-Tawi, 2015 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

By age-group, men outnumbered women. This is true among the ages under 1 to 19 years old and 40 to 79 years old. However, there are more women than men among 20 to 39 years old and ages 80 years old and over. The youth population (15–24 years old) reached a total of 747,523 comprising 19.8 percent of the province’s total population. Of this number, 51.0 percent are women and 49.0 percent are men. This also means that there are 96 men in every 100 women in this age-group. Among the working age population (15–64 years old), voting age population (18 years old and over) and senior citizens (60 years old and over), the results registered more women than men.

Table 5. Distribution of Household Population by Age Group and by Sex, Tawi-Tawi: 2015 
Age Group Sex Total
Women Men
All Ages 193,228 196,486 389,714
Under 1 4,372 4,560 8,932
1-4 21,159 22,223 43,382
5-9 26,313 27,394 53,707
10-14 24,934 25,281 50,215
15-19 21,247 21,329 42,576
20-24 17,456 16,819 34,275
25-29 16,179 14,574 30,753
30-34 13,487 12,664 26,151
35-39 12,943 12,673 25,616
40-44 10,047 10,727 20,744
45-49 8,438 8,843 17,281
50-54 5,945 6,849 12,794
55-59 4,099 4,668 8,767
60-64 2,668 3,412 6,080
65-69 1,780 2,102 3,882
70-74 1,022 1,262 2,284
75-79 568 577 1,145
80 and over 571 529 1,100
       
15-64 112,509 112,558 225,067
18 years and over 103,056 103,482 206,538
60 years and over 6,609 7,882 14,491
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

Based on the POPCEN 2015, there are 180,773 persons who are 5 to 24 years old in Tawi-Tawi and 65.8 percent, that is 118,968 of them were attending school in school year 2015-2016. On the average, the school attendance rate of men is higher than that of women among household population 5 to 24 years old which recorded at 66.0 percent and 65.7 percent, respectively. The highest school attendance rates were recorded among household population 10 to 14 years old with 87.6 percent among women and 86.3 among men. On the other hand, household population among 20 to 24 years old posted the lowest school attendance rates for both men and women at 24.1 percent and 22.2 percent, respectively.

Table 6. Distribution of Household Population 5 to 24 Years Old who were currently attending school by Age-Group and by Sex, Tawi-Tawi: 2015 
Age Group Household Population 5 to 24 Years Old Household Population 5 to 24 Years Old who were currently attending schools
Sex Sex
Women Men Women Men
Tawi-Tawi 89,950 90,823 59,054 59,914
5-9 26,313 27,394 20,132 21,041
10-14 24,934 25,281 21,835 21,814
15-19 21,247 21,329 13,210 13,005
20-24 17,456 16,819 3,877 4,054
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

In 2015, the literacy rate in the province of Tawi-Tawi was 87.2 percent among the 283,693 household population aged 10 years and over. This means that roughly 87 in every 100 persons aged 10 years and over were literate. Meanwhile, the literacy rate for women is at 87.1 and for men is at 87.3.

Table 7. Literacy of the Household Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age-Group and by Sex, Tawi-Tawi: 2015 
Age Group Household Population 10 Years Old and Over Literate
Sex Sex
Women Men Women Men
Tawi-Tawi 141,384 142,309 123,138 124,242
10-14 24,934 25,281 23,293 23,410
15-19 21,247 21,329 19,963 19,829
20-24 17,456 16,819 16,100 15,449
25-29 16,179 14,574 14,449 13,019
30-34 13,487 12,664 11,692 10,911
35-39 12,943 12,673 11,049 10,952
40-44 10,047 10,727 8,266 8,896
45-49 8,438 8,843 6,677 7,271
50-54 5,945 6,849 4,484 5,265
55-59 4,099 4,668 3,051 3,625
60-64 2,668 3,412 1,819 2,553
65 years old and over 3,941 4,470 2,295 3,062
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

Among gainful workers 15 years old and over in Tawi-Tawi, 77.7 percent are men. Men gainful workers dominated all the major occupation groups except for the Professionals and Service and Sales Workers of which 62.1 percent and 53.2 percent, respectively are composed of women.

Table 8. Gainful Workers 15 Years Old and Over by Major Occupation Group and by Sex, Tawi-Tawi: 2015 
Major Occupation Group Sex Total
Women Men
Tawi-Tawi 25,930 90,588 116,518
Managers 2,267 2,874 5,141
Professionals 3,547 2,163 5,710
Technicians and Associate Professionals 968 1,514 2,482
Clerical Support Workers 1,021 1,250 2,271
Service and Sales Workers 5,997 5,275 11,272
Skilled Agricultural, Forestry and Fishery Workers 8,194 62,940 71,134
Craft and Related Trades Workers 895 4,231 5,126
Plant and Machine Operators and Assemblers 109 3,826 3,935
Elementary Occupations 2,657 5,975 8,632
Armed Forces Occupations 23 228 251
Other Occupation not elsewhere classified 2 - 2
Not Reported 250 312 562
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

In 2015, it was recorded in the province of Tawi-Tawi that there were more women than men who were academic degree holders, but there were also more women than men accounted with no grade completed. Men dominated women during preschool and elementary years only.

Table 9. Total Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highschool Grade/Year and by Sex, Tawi-Tawi: 2015 
Highest Grade/Year Completed Sex Total
Women Men
Tawi-Tawi 168,131 170,247 338,378
No Grade Completed 24,642 24,509 49,151
Preschool 6,270 6,733 13,033
Special Education 90 95 185
Elementary 68,380 70,998 139,378
   1st - 4th Grade 40,107 42,136 82,243
   5th - 6th Grade 14,709 15,176 29,885
   Graduate 13,564 13,686 27,250
High School 41,652 40,853 82,505
   Undergraduate 22,006 21,989 43,995
   Graduate 19,646 18,864 38,510
Post-Secondary 885 499 1,384
   Undergraduate 17 23 40
   Graduate 868 476 1,344
College Undergraduate 15,547 16,066 31,553
Academic Degree Holder 10,567 10,414 20,981
Post baccalaureate 88 130 218
Not Stated 10 10 20
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

Among overseas workers of the total population 15 years and over, 39.6 percent were women. As for the highest grade/year completed by these overseas workers, there were fewer women in all categories, except in Post-Secondary (Graduate) and Preschool.

Table 10. Overseas Workers 15 Years Old and Over by Highschool Grade/Year and by Sex, Tawi-Tawi: 2015 
Highest Grade/Year Completed Sex Total
Women Men
Overseas 2,528 3,857 6,385
No Grade Completed 78 188 266
Preschool 5 1 6
Special Education 2 - 2
Elementary 618 1,134 1,752
   1st - 4th Grade 184 339 523
   5th - 6th Grade 161 240 401
   Graduate 273 555 828
High School 913 1,390 2,303
   Undergraduate 269 358 627
   Graduate 644 1,032 1,676
Post-Secondary 52 28 80
   Undergraduate 52 28 80
College Undergraduate 316 464 780
Academic Degree Holder 554 647 1,191
Post baccalaureate - 5 5
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

There are more men than women in Tawi-Tawi. Men comprised 50.4 percent, while women comprised only 49.6 percent of the total household population in the province. This result is shown by the sex ratio of 102:100, which means that there are 102 men for every 100 women. This observation is further supported by the domination of men in terms of population among age groups under 1 to 19 years old and 40 to 79 years old. The same observation is also recorded in Maguindanao.

Table 11. Number of Households by Age-Group and by Sex: Tawi-Tawi, 2015
Age Group 2015 2020 Ratio
Sex Sex
Number

Percentage

Women Men
All Ages 193,228 49.6 196,486 50.4 102:100
Under 1 4,372 2.3 4,560 2.3 104:100
1-4 21,159 11 22,223 11.3 105:100
5-9 26,313 13.6 27,394 13.9 104:100
10-14 24,934 12.9 25,281 12.9 101:100
15-19 21,247 11 21,329 10.9 100:100
20-24 17,456 9 16,819 8.6 96:100
25-29 16,179 8.4 14,574 7.4 90:100
30-34 13,487 7 12,664 6.4 94:100
35-39 12,943 6.7 12,673 6.4 98:100
40-44 10,047 5.2 10,727 5.5 107:100
45-49 8,438 4.4 8,843 4.5 105:100
50-54 5,945 3.1 6,849 3.5 115:100
55-59 4,099 2.1 4,668 2.4 114;100
60-64 2,668 1.4 3,412 1.7 128:100
65-69 1,780 0.9 2,102 1.1 118:100
70-74 1,022 0.5 1,262 0.6 123:100
75-79 568 0.3 577 0.3 102:100
80 years and over 571 0.3 529 0.3 93:100
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015, 2020
 

Technical notes:

  • Total population is the sum of the household population and institutional population. It also includes Filipinos in Philippine embassies, consulates, and missions abroad.
  • Household population comprises of persons who belong to a household, the basic criterion of which is the usual place of residence or the place where the person usually resides.
  • Marital status is the personal status of each individual with reference to the marriage laws or customs of the country.
  • Religious affiliation is a particular system of beliefs, attitudes, emotions, and behaviors constituting man’s relationship with the powers and principalities of the universe.
  • School attendance rate is the proportion of persons 5 to 24 years old who were attending school during the School Year June 2015 to March 2016 to school-age population (5 to 24 years old)
  • Simple literacy rate is the proportion of persons aged 10 years and over who are able to read and write a simple message in any language or dialect.
  • Grade/year completed is the highest grade or year completed in school, college or university.
 
(Sgd) HJI. RAZULDEN A. MANGELEN, MPA, MDM
(Chief Statistical Specialist)
Officer-in-Charge
RSSO-ARMM