ARMM Employment Rate in April 2017 is estimated at 97.4 percent (Based on the results of April 2017 Labor Force Survey)

April 18, 2018Special Release Ref No.: 2018-013

The Labor Force Survey (LFS) is a nationwide quarterly survey of households conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) during the months of January, April, July and October. Specifically, it aims to provide statistics on levels and trends of employment, unemployment and underemployment for the country, as a whole, and for each of the regions. For this release, the data being presented are based on the results of the April 2017 round of the LFS.

Based on the results of April 2017 LFS is shown in Figure 1, ARMM’s labor force participation rate (LFPR) or the proportion of total labor force to the total household population 15 years old and over who are currently employed or in actively search for a job is placed at 48.2 percent in April 2017, lower by 2.4 percentage points than the figure a year ago of 50.6 percent.

Figure 1. Results from the April 2017 LFS in ARMM 
Source:  Philippine Statistics Authority, Labor Force Survey

Among the 17 regions in the country, ARMM recorded the lowest LFPR at 48.2 percent in April 2017, followed by Region I (Ilocos Region) at at 56.6 percent and Region III (Central Luzon) at 57.4 percent (Refer to Table 1).

ARMM’s employment rate or the proportion of employed persons to the total labor force was estimated at 97.4 percent in April 2017 which was slightly higher by 1.9 percentage point than the estimated at 95.5 percent in April 2016. Among regions in the country, ARMM followed by Region XII (SOCCSKSARGEN) registered the second highest employment rate in April 2017 at 95.7 percent and Region I showed the lowest employment rate at 89.6 percent.

Table 1. Labor Participation Rates, Employment, Unemployment and Underemployment by Region: April 2017 
Region Labor Force Participation Rate Employment Rate Unemployment Rate Underemployment Rate
NCR 60.5 92.8 7.2 9.4
CAR 62.0 95.9 4.1 15.7
Region I 56.6 89.6 10.4 18.7
Region II 62.6 96.8 3.2 16.0
Region III 57.4 93.3 6.7 9.7
Region IVA 63.7 92.9 7.1 11.5
Region IVB 63.5 95.3 4.7 22.1
Region V 59.1 95.9 4.1 23.2
Region VI 60.6 94.2 5.8 19.1
Region VII 67.2 94.6 5.4 19.6
NIR 63.9 94.6 5.4 19.0
Region VIII 64.2 96.2 3.8 24.0
Region IX 60.9 97.5 2.5 23.6
Region X 64.7 94.6 5.4 19.2
Region XI 60.0 95.1 4.9 17.3
Region XII 60.0 95.7 4.3 16.9
CARAGA 65.2 95.3 4.7 23.3
ARMM 48.2 97.4 2.6 9.4
Note: Estimates for April 2017 are preliminary and may change
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, April 2017 Labor Force Survey

The unemployment rate or the proportion of unemployed persons to the total labor force in ARMM was estimated at 2.6 percent in April 2017 which is relatively lower by 1.9 percentage points than in April 2016 at 4.5 percent. Among regions, ARMM is the second, while Region IX (Zamboanga Peninsula) recorded the lowest unemployment rate and Region II (Cagayan Valley), the third lowest at 3.2 percent in April 2017.

ARMM’s underemployment rate or the proportion of underemployed persons to total employed persons was estimated at 9.4 percent in April 2017, which is two times lower than the April 2016 at 17.3 percent. Among regions, ARMM and NCR registered the lowest underemployment rate at 9.4 percent followed by Region III (Central Luzon) at 9.7 percent in April 2017.

Generally, LFPR among women was lower than men, in like manner, employment rate was lower among women than men (See Figure 2). The LFPR among men was recorded at 70.6 percent in April 2017, higher by 54.5 percentage points from the 16.1 percent figure for women in April 2017. Also, employment rate among men was estimated at 98.5 percent in April 2017, higher by 4.2 percentage point from the rate of 94.3 percent among women.

Figure 2. LFPR and Employment Rate and by Sex, ARMM 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Labor Force Survey

The largest proportion (or 53.7 percent) of the population who are employed in April 2017 are those workers in agriculture sector (See Figure 3). This was followed by workers in the services sector as the second largest group, making up 42.5 percent of the total employed, while workers in the industry sector made up the smallest group, consisted of 3.8 percent only of the total employed.

Figure 3. Percent Distribution of Employed by Major Industry 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Labor Force Survey

In April 2017 in ARMM, more than four-fifths (or 82.3%) of the employed in the three major occupation groups such as workers who are (1) skilled in agricultural, forestry and fishing (36.8%), (2) managers (24.6%) and in the (3) elementary occupations (20.9%). The 17.7 percent of the employed persons were distributed in the remaining seven major occupation groups.

Figure 4. Percent Distribution by Occupation Group 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Labor Force Survey

In ARMM, the largest class of workers was the self-employed making up 60.5 percent of the total employed in April 2017. The wage and salary workers and workers who worked without pay in own family-operated farm or business accounted for 18.5 percent and 17.8 percent, respectively. Only 3.2 percent employed in own family-operated farm or business was accounted.

Figure 5. Percent Distribution by Class of Workers, ARMM 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Labor Force Survey
Technical notes:
• Starting April 2005, the new unemployment definition was adopted per NSCB Resolution Number 15 dated October 20, 2004. As indicated in the said resolution, the unemployed include all persons who are 15 years and over as of their last birthday and are reported as: (1) without work and currently available for work and seeking work; or (2) without work and currently available for work but not seeking work for the following reasons:
1. Tired/believed no work available
2. Awaiting results of previous job application
3. Temporary illness/disability
4. Bad weather
5. Waiting for rehire/job recall
• Starting January 2012 LFS, the codes for industry adopted the 2009 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC). Prior to this, codes for industry used the 1994 PSIC.
• Question on vocational course was introduced in the January 2012 LFS questionnaire.
• Starting April 2016 round, the Labor Force Survey (LFS) adopted the 2013 Master Sample Design, with a sample size of approximately 44,000 households.
• The 2012 Philippine Standard Occupational Classification (PSOC) was adopted starting April 2016. The 1992 PSOC had been used prior to April 2016.
• Starting with the April 2016 LFS round, the population projections based on the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (2010 CPH) was adopted to generate the labor force statistics.
• Starting January 2017 round, Computer Aided Personal Interviewing (CAPI) using Tablet was utilized in the LFS enumeration.
• Overseas Filipino Workers are not considered part of the labor force in the Philippines. Hence, in the LFS, data on economic characteristics of household members who are overseas workers are not collected. For the LFS reports, they are excluded in the estimation of the size of working population, that is, population aged 15 years and older, and in the estimation of the labor force.


(Chief Statistical Specialist)