ARMM Employment Rate in April 2017 is estimated at 97.4 percent (Based on the results of April 2017 Labor Force Survey)
The Labor Force Survey (LFS) is a nationwide quarterly survey of households conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) during the months of January, April, July and October. Specifically, it aims to provide statistics on levels and trends of employment, unemployment and underemployment for the country, as a whole, and for each of the regions. For this release, the data being presented are based on the results of the April 2017 round of the LFS.
Based on the results of April 2017 LFS is shown in Figure 1, ARMM’s labor force participation rate (LFPR) or the proportion of total labor force to the total household population 15 years old and over who are currently employed or in actively search for a job is placed at 48.2 percent in April 2017, lower by 2.4 percentage points than the figure a year ago of 50.6 percent.
Among the 17 regions in the country, ARMM recorded the lowest LFPR at 48.2 percent in April 2017, followed by Region I (Ilocos Region) at at 56.6 percent and Region III (Central Luzon) at 57.4 percent (Refer to Table 1).
ARMM’s employment rate or the proportion of employed persons to the total labor force was estimated at 97.4 percent in April 2017 which was slightly higher by 1.9 percentage point than the estimated at 95.5 percent in April 2016. Among regions in the country, ARMM followed by Region XII (SOCCSKSARGEN) registered the second highest employment rate in April 2017 at 95.7 percent and Region I showed the lowest employment rate at 89.6 percent.
|Region||Labor Force Participation Rate||Employment Rate||Unemployment Rate||Underemployment Rate|
The unemployment rate or the proportion of unemployed persons to the total labor force in ARMM was estimated at 2.6 percent in April 2017 which is relatively lower by 1.9 percentage points than in April 2016 at 4.5 percent. Among regions, ARMM is the second, while Region IX (Zamboanga Peninsula) recorded the lowest unemployment rate and Region II (Cagayan Valley), the third lowest at 3.2 percent in April 2017.
ARMM’s underemployment rate or the proportion of underemployed persons to total employed persons was estimated at 9.4 percent in April 2017, which is two times lower than the April 2016 at 17.3 percent. Among regions, ARMM and NCR registered the lowest underemployment rate at 9.4 percent followed by Region III (Central Luzon) at 9.7 percent in April 2017.
Generally, LFPR among women was lower than men, in like manner, employment rate was lower among women than men (See Figure 2). The LFPR among men was recorded at 70.6 percent in April 2017, higher by 54.5 percentage points from the 16.1 percent figure for women in April 2017. Also, employment rate among men was estimated at 98.5 percent in April 2017, higher by 4.2 percentage point from the rate of 94.3 percent among women.
The largest proportion (or 53.7 percent) of the population who are employed in April 2017 are those workers in agriculture sector (See Figure 3). This was followed by workers in the services sector as the second largest group, making up 42.5 percent of the total employed, while workers in the industry sector made up the smallest group, consisted of 3.8 percent only of the total employed.
In April 2017 in ARMM, more than four-fifths (or 82.3%) of the employed in the three major occupation groups such as workers who are (1) skilled in agricultural, forestry and fishing (36.8%), (2) managers (24.6%) and in the (3) elementary occupations (20.9%). The 17.7 percent of the employed persons were distributed in the remaining seven major occupation groups.
In ARMM, the largest class of workers was the self-employed making up 60.5 percent of the total employed in April 2017. The wage and salary workers and workers who worked without pay in own family-operated farm or business accounted for 18.5 percent and 17.8 percent, respectively. Only 3.2 percent employed in own family-operated farm or business was accounted.