Housing Characteristics in ARMM

April 13, 2018Special Release Ref No.: 2018-010

Occupied Housing Units of ARMM increased by 12.3 percent in 2015.

Based on the 2015 Census of Population (POPCEN 2015), the number of occupied housing units in ARMM as of August 1, 2015 was 561,826 households. The occupied housing units of the region increased by 12.3 percent compared to the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (2010 CPH) result which was 500,248 housing units.

Table 1. Occupied Housing Units: ARMM, 2015 
Region/Province Censal Year
2000 2010 2015
ARMM 429,579 500,248 561,826
Basilan 47,324 50,874 57,704
Lanao del Sur 92,814 118,859 121,372
Maguindanao 140,815 154,557 190,029
Sulu 95,662 119,369 135,083
Tawi-Tawi 52,964 56,589 57,638
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

Among all the provinces in ARMM, Maguindanao has the most occupied housing units which has 190,029. It is 33.8 percent of the ARMM’s total number of occupied housing units. Tawi-Tawi has the least occupied housing units with 57,638 (10.2 percent of the region’s total number of occupied housing units).

There are 110 households for every 100 occupied housing units in ARMM.

There are 620,385 households and 561,826 housing units recorded in ARMM. It follows that there are 110 households for every 100 occupied housing units. 

Table 2. Number of Occupied Housing Units, Households and Ratio of Households to Occupied Housing Units: ARMM, 2015 
Region/Province Occupied Housing Units Number of Households Ratio of Households to Occupied Housing Units
ARMM 561,826 620,385 110:100
Basilan 57,704 59,860 104:100
Lanao del Sur 121,372 160,132 132:100
Maguindanao 190,029 194,507 102:100
Sulu 135,083 138,357 102:100
Tawi-Tawi 57,638 67,529 120:100
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

Among all provinces in ARMM, Maguindanao has the highest number of occupied housing units and households with 190,029 and 194,507, respectively which follows that there are 102 households for every 100 occupied housing units.

Almost half of the occupied housing units in ARMM used wood as a construction material for the outer walls.

Among all possible construction materials used for the outer walls of the house, wood was the most common and was used in almost half of the total number of occupied housing units. There were also 196 housing units in the region which have no walls, while there were 3,090 housing units in which the construction materials of the outer walls were not yet reported. 

Table 3. Number of Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of the Outher Walls: ARMM, 2015 
Construction Materials of the Outer Walls Total Occupied Housing Units
Total 561,826
Concrete/brick/stone 69,021
Wood 278,954
Half concreter/brick/stone and half wood 61,785
Galvanized iron/aluminum 7,173
Bamboo/sawali/cogon/nipa 136,591
Asbestos 1,750
Glass 131
Makeshift/salvaged/improvised materials 2,182
Trapal 674
Others 279
No walls 196
Not Reported 3,090
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

60 percent of the occupied housing units in ARMM used galvanized iron/aluminum as a construction material for the roofs.

Among all possible construction materials used for the roof of the house, galvanized iron/aluminum was the most commonly used which was used by about 60 percent of the total number of occupied housing units in the region. There were also 319 housing units in the region in which the construction materials of the roof were not yet reported.

Table 4. Number of Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of the Roof: ARMM, 2015 
Construction Materials of the Roof Total Occupied Housing Units
Total 561,826
Galvanized iron/aluminum 337,196
Title/concrete/clay title 12,996
Half galvanized iron and half concrete 40,437
Bamboo/cogon/nipa/anahaw 166,385
Asbestos 1,700
Makeshift salvaged/improvised materials 1,854
Trapal 692
Others 247
Not Reported 319
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

92.1 percent of the total number of households in ARMM lived in single houses.

92.1 percent of the total number of households in ARMM lived in single houses. There were also 101 households in the region that lived in institutionalized/living quarter, while there were 3,471 households that lived in a non-categorized type of building.

Table 5. Number of Households by Type of Building: ARMM, 2015 
Type of Building Number of Households
Total 620,385
Single House 571,338
Duplex 29,955
Multi-unit residential 14,703
Commercial/industrial/agricultural 738
Institutional/living quarter 101
Others 79
Not Reported 3,471
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

63.1 percent of the households owned a housing unit.

There were 391,464 households in ARMM or 63.1 percent of the total households in ARMM owned a housing unit. On the other hand, there were 252 households in which their tenure status were not yet reported

Table 6. Number of Households by Tenure Status of the Housing Unit and Lot: ARMM, 2015 
Tenure Status of the Hosuing Unit and Lot Number of Households
Total 620,385
Own or owner like possession of house and lot  391,464
Rent house/room including lot 8,072
Own house rent lot 16,014
Own-house rent free lot with consent of owner 164,054
Own-house rent free lot without consent of owner 13,024
Rent-free house and lot with consent of water 25,461
Rent-free house and lot without consent of water 2,032
Not Applicable 12
Not Reported 252
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

52.7 percent of the households used electricity as their source of energy.

Electricity was the most common source of energy in ARMM. It was used by 52.7 percent of the total number of households in the region. There were also 1,415 households in the region which has no electricity and 377 households have not yet reported their fuel for lighting.

Table 7. Number of Households by Kind of Fuel for Lightning: ARMM, 2015 
Tenure Status of the Hosuing Unit and Lot Number of Households
Total 620,385
Electricity 326,827
Kerosene (gas) 114,201
Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) 4,066
Oil (vegetable animal and others) 1,197
Solar panel 70,224
Solar lamp 100,832
Others 1,246
None 1,415
Not Reported 377
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

Dug well was the most common source of drinking and cooking water supply in ARMM.

Among all households in ARMM, dug well was the most common source of drinking and cooking water supply, used by 20 percent and 21.5 percent of the total number of households, respectively. There were also 2,373 and 1,715 households in the region in which the source of water supply for drinking and cooking were not yet reported, respectively.

Table 8. Number of Households by Source of Water Supply for Drinking: ARMM, 2015 
Source of Water Supply for Drinking Number of Households
Total 620,385
Own use faucet community water system 69,781
Shared faucet community water system 83,200
Own use tubed/piped deep well 42,814
Shared tubed/piped deep well 108,642
Tubed/piped shallow well 17,498
Dug well 123,953
Protected spring 38,761
Unprotected spring 18,881
Lake, river, rain and other 75,218
Peddler 26,986
Bottled water 12,278
Not Reported 2,373
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015
 
Table 9. Number of Households by Source of Water Supply for Cooking: ARMM, 2015 
Source of Water Supply for Drinking Number of Households
Total 620,385
Own use faucet community water system 71,945
Shared faucet community water system 84,328
Own use tubed/piped deep well 43,166
Shared tubed/piped deep well 107,318
Tubed/piped shallow well 18,766
Dug well 133,370
Protected spring 37,058
Unprotected spring 18,743
Lake, river, rain and other 76,562
Peddler 21,345
Bottled water 6,069
Not Reported 1,715
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

Technical Notes:

Household is defined as "one person or a group of people who have the accommodation as their only or main residence and for a group, either share at least one meal a day or share the living accommodation, that is, a living room or sitting room".

Housing unit is a structure or the part of a structure or the space that is used as a home, residence, or sleeping place by one person or more people who maintain a common household.

Occupied housing unit is a housing unit that are occupied by a household.

 

(Sgd) HJI. RAZULDEN A. MANGELEN, MPA, MDM
(Chief Statistical Specialist)
Officer-in-Charge
RSSO-ARMM