Women and Men in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (Based on the Results of 2015 Census of Population)

April 2, 2018Special Release Ref No.: 2018-007

The results of the 2015 Census of Population (POPCEN 2015) showed that the total population of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) reached 3,781,387 persons, which were only projected at around 3,706,900 persons. From this population, more than half (50.2 percent) are women. By 2020, the region’s total population is projected to reach 4,330,700 persons, still with more women than the men.

Table 1. Distribution of Total Population and Projected Population by Age-Group and by Sex, ARMM: 2015 and 2020 
Age Group
 
2015 Total Population
 
2020 Total Population
Sex Sex
Women Men Women Men
ARMM 1,896,407 1,884,980 3,781,387 2,166,000 2,164,700 4,330,700
0-4 265,255 271,378 531,133 256,000 271,800 527,800
5-9 275,046 279,282 554,328 247,100 262,300 509,400
10-14 248,070 251,493 499,563 235,100 249,200 484,300
15-19 212,345 209,095 421,440 217,700 229,800 447,500
20-24 169,090 156,993 326,083 186,800 181,200 368,000
25-29 151,555 137,222 288,777 181,600 175,400 357,000
30-34 129,441 118,942 248,383 170,100 164,100 334,200
35-39 126,289 118,718 245,007 150,800 114,100 294,900
40-44 101,310 100,762 202,072 127,400 119,100 246,500
45-49 79,655 83,881 163,536 107,300 99,400 206,700
50-54 51,080 58,844 109,924 86,000 78,800 164,800
55-59 33,953 39,040 72,993 68,000 63,200 131,600
60-64 21,507 25,237 46,744 52,200 49,300 101,500
65-69 14,334 15,542 29,876 36,900 35,300 72,200
70-74 8,354 9,206 17,560 22,500 22,000 44,500
75-79 4,700 4,788 9,488 12,300 12,000 24,300
80+ 4,423 4,057 8,480 7,800 7,700 15,500
 
Basilan 173,922 172,657 346,579 193,000 192,300 385,300
Lanao del Sur 532,908 512,521 1,045,429 622,100 603,600 1,255,700
Maguindanao 579,041 594,892 1,173,933 684,400 706,700 1,391,100
Sulu 416,861 407,870 824,731 423,100 416,400 839,500
Tawi-Tawi 193,675 197,040 390,715 243,400 245,700 489,100
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015, 2020

The household population of the ARMM reached 3,771,249 persons in the 2015. Of this household population, women comprised 50.2 percent of the region’s total household population while men are slightly lower at 49.8 percent. These figures resulted in a sex ratio of 99 men per 100 women. Among provinces, Basilan, Lanao del Sur and Sulu recorded more women than men. On the other hand, in the provinces of Maguindanao and Tawi-Tawi registered more men than the women counterpart (See Fig. 1 and Table 2).

Figure 1. Percent Distribution of Population by Province and Sex: ARMM, 2015 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015
 
Table 2. Distribution of Household Population by Province and by Sex, ARMM: 2015 
Province Sex Total
Women Men
ARMM 1,892,395 1,878,854 3,771,249
Basilan 173,836 172,452 346,288
Lanao del Sur 529,871 509,012 1,038,883
Maguindanao 578,716 593,665 1,172,381
Sulu 416,744 407,239 823,983
Tawi-Tawi 193,228 196,486 389,714
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

As to the marital status, there are more single/never married men in ARMM than women, which accounted to 50.7 percent of the 1,297,367 household population who are 10 years old and over (Refer to Fig. 2 and Table 3). Slightly more women are reported married than their men counterpart. The results further reported that there are more women who are widowed, common-law/live-in arrangement and divorced/ separated with 71.0 percent, 50.3 percent and 63.4 percent, respectively. However, there are less women than men reported as under unknown marital status. In summary, there were more women than men in all categories of marital status in ARMM, except for single or never married and unknown marital status.

Figure 2. Percent Distribution of Population by Marital Status and Sex: ARMM, 2015 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015
 
Table 3. Distribution of Household Population 10 Years Old and Over by Marital Status and by Sex, ARMM: 2015 
Marital Status Sex Total
Women Men
ARMM 1,356,106 1,333,820 2,689,926
Single/Never Married 639,116 658,251 1,297,367
Married 637,049 636,556 1,273,605
Widowed 56,081 22,941 79,022
Live-in/Common-Law 4,998 4,937 9,935
Divorced/Separated 18,244 10,514 28,758
Unknown 618 621 1,239
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

In ARMM, by age-group, women outnumbered men. This is true among the ages 15 to 44 years old and 80 years old and over. However, the number of women is lower than men among under 15 years old and among ages 45 to 79 years old.

Table 4. Distribution of Household Population by Age Group and by Sex, ARMM: 2015 
Age Group Sex Total
Women Men
All Ages 1,892,395 1,878,854 3,771,249
Under 1 42,455 44,041 86,496
1-4 222,771 277,816 587,083
5-9 247,979 279,170 554,149
10-14 247,809 250,895 498,704
15-19 210,546 207,550 418,096
20-24 167,724 155,772 323,496
25-29 151,311 136,390 287,701
30-34 129,334 118,347 247,681
35-39 126,233 118,222 244,455
40-44 101,284 100,427 201,711
45-49 79,633 83,698 163,331
50-54 51,068 58,731 109,799
55-59 33,942 38,991 72,933
60-64 21,498 25,222 46,720
65-69 14,331 15,538 29,869
70-74 8,354 9,203 17,557
75-79 4,700 4,785 9,485
80 and over 4,423 4,056 8,479
 
0-4 265,226 271,857 537,083
0-14 788,014 801,922 1,589,936
15-64 1,072,573 1,043,350 2,115,923
18 years and over 967,673 941,512 1,909,185
60 years and over 53,306 58,804 112,110
65 years and over 31,808 33,582 65,390
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

The youth population (15–24 years old) reached a total of 747,523 comprising 19.8 percent of the region’s total population. Of this number, 51.0 percent are women and 49.0 percent are men. This also means that there are 96 men in every 100 women in this age-group. Among the working age population (15–64 years old), and voting age population (18 years old and over) results registered more women than men. However, there are more men population than women among the senior citizens.

The top 10 religious affiliation in ARMM is presented Table 5 and Fig. 3. Of the total population in the region, 91.3 percent are Muslims, of which, women are slightly higher (50.3 percent) than men (49.7 percent). This is followed by Roman Catholics (including Catholic Charismatic) at 5.2 percent of the region’s total population, wherein women are less than that the number of men.

Table 5. Distribution of Total Population by Religious Affiliation and by Sex, ARMM: 2015 
Religion Affiliation Sex Total
Women Men
Islam 1,735,377 1,716,267 3,451,644
Roman Catholic 96,589 100,975 197,564
Nat'l Council of Churches in the Phil. 19,553 21,243 40,796
Phil. Council of Evangelical Churches 7,767 7,981 15,748
Iglesia ni Cristo 3,162 3,256 6,418
Miracle Revival Church of the Phil. 1,943 1,956 3,899
Bible Baptist Church 1,400 1,500 2,900
Union Espiritista Cristina de Filipinas 1,228 1,305 2,533
Philippine Grace Gospel 1,082 1,209 2,291
Seventh Day Adventist 1,098 1,180 2,278
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015
 
Figure 3. Percent Distribution by of Religious Affiliation and Sex: ARMM, 2015 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

Household population aged 5 to 24 years old are considered in determining the school attendance rate. Based on the POPCEN 2015, there are 1,794,445 persons who are 5 to 24 years old in ARMM and 67.6 percent, that is, 1,213,931 of them were attending school in school year 2015-2016. There are more women who are currently attending school with 68.1 percent of the household population 5 to 24 years old. These are also true in all age-group, except for ages 5–9 years old.

Table 6. Distribution of Household Population 5 to 24 Years Old who were currently attending school by Age-Group and by Sex, ARMM: 2015 
Age Group Household Population 5 to 24 Years Old Household Population 5 to 24 Years Old who were currently attending schools
Sex Sex
Women Men Women Men
ARMM 901,058 893,387 613,199 600,732
5-9 274,979 279,170 212,935 215,166
10-14 247,809 250,895 220,450 219,593
15-19 210,546 207,550 139,167 128,861
20-24 167,724 155,772 40,647 37,112
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

A person can be considered as literate if he is able to read and write a simple message in any language or dialect. The literacy rate of ARMM based on the POPCEN 2015 is 88.7 percent among the 2,680,017 household population aged 10 years and over. Out of the 88.7 percent literacy rate, women has a slightly higher literacy rate at 88.7 percent while the men has 88.6 percent.

Table 7. Literacy of the Household Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age-Group and by Sex, ARMM: 2015 
Age Group Household Population 10 Years Old and Over Literate
Sex Sex
Women Men Women Men
ARMM 1,352,190 1,327,827 1,199,845 1,176,083
10-14 247,809 250,895 235,562 236,861
15-19 210,546 207,550 201,514 196,538
20-24 167,724 155,772 158,495 145,380
25-29 151,311 136,390 139,320 124,223
30-34 129,334 118,347 115,749 104,353
35-39 126,233 118,222 109,686 102,681
40-44 101,284 100,427 83,645 83,326
45-49 79,633 83,698 63,494 68,345
50-54 51,068 58,731 37,804 45,258
55-59 33,942 38,991 24,227 29,904
60-64 21,498 25,222 13,626 18,101
65 years old and over 31,808 33,582 16,723 21,113
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

In ARMM, among gainful workers 15 years old and over, women dominated men. More women among the managers and professionals group workers were noted with 52.5 percent and 70.3 percent, respectively. In the rest of the major occupation group, women were less than men.

Table 8. Gainful Workers 15 Years Old and Over by Major Occupation Group and by Sex, ARMM: 2015 
Major Occupation Group Sex Total
Women Men
ARMM 288,427 823,664 1,112,091
Managers 51,148 46,269 97,417
Professionals 28,688 12,098 40,786
Technicians and Associate Professionals 6,705 8,516 15,221
Clerical Support Workers 9,238 10,535 19,773
Service and Sales Workers 53,506 54,033 107,539
Skilled Agricultural, Forestry and Fishery Workers 61,104 505,461 566,565
Craft and Related Trades Workers 10,692 26,433 37,125
Plant and Machine Operators and Assemblers 2,757 82,973 85,730
Elementary Occupations 53,634 64,129 117,763
Armed Forces Occupations 123 3,140 3,263
Other Occupation not elsewhere classified 5 6 11
Not Reported 10,827 10,071 20,898
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

It was recorded in the region that there were more women than men who were academic degree holders and who have pursued post-baccalaureate studies. Also, there were more women than men accounted with no year completed in their high school and post-secondary.

Table 9. Total Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highschool Grade/Year and by Sex, ARMM: 2015 
Highest Grade/Year Completed Sex Total
Women Men
ARMM 1,631,152 1,613,102 3,244,254
No Grade Completed 230,543 229,063 459,606
Preschool 61,595 62,796 124,391
Special Education 502 556 1,058
Elementary 691,516 734,914 1,426,430
         1st - 4th Grade 402,384 436,944 839,328
         5th - 6th Grade 171,282 179,104 350,386
         Graduate 117,850 118,866 236,716
High School 410,639 382,093 792,732
         Undergraduate 243,420 226,769 470,189
         Graduate 167,219 155,324 332,543
Post-Secondary 9,316 7,384 16,700
         Undergraduate 630 642 1,272
         Graduate 8,686 6,742 15,428
College Undergraduate 139,623 127,115 266,738
Academic Degree Holder 76,718 59,074 135,792
Post baccalaureate 797 747 1,544
Not Stated 9,903 9,360 19,263
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015
 
Table 10. Overseas Workers 15 Years Old and Over by Highschool Grade/Year and by Sex, ARMM: 2015 
Highest Grade/Year Completed Sex Total
Women Men
Overseas 36,888 20,668 57,556
No Grade Completed 1,132 1,010 2,142
Preschool 21 10 31
Special Education 8 13 21
Elementary 10,813 5,564 16,377
         1st - 4th Grade 3,292 2,189 5,481
         5th - 6th Grade 4,312 1,732 6,044
         Graduate 3,209 1,643 4,852
High School 15,465 7,137 22,602
         Undergraduate 6,060 2,620 8,680
         Graduate 9,405 4,517 13,922
Post-Secondary 613 312 925
         Undergraduate 20 40 60
         Graduate 593 272 865
College Undergraduate 4,098 2,876 6,974
Academic Degree Holder 4,394 3,604 7,998
Post baccalaureate 17 23 40
Not Stated 327 119 448
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

Among overseas workers, of the total population 15 years and over, 64.1 percent were women. As for the highest grade/year completed by these overseas workers, there were more women in all categories, except in Special Education, Post-Secondary (Undergraduate) and Post-Baccalaureate.

Of the 620,385 number of households in ARMM, only 7.7 percent were headed by women. This accounts to only 47,693 women household heads. In all age-group, women as head of the household were reported less than its counterpart.

Table 11. Number of Households by Age-Group and by Sex: ARMM, 2015 
Age Group Sex Total
Women Men
ARMM 47,693 572,692 620,385
Below 20 176 2,742 2,918
20-29 3,246 94,248 97,494
30-39 8,773 183,110 191,883
40-49 13,123 161,821 174,944
50-59 11,330 84,137 95,467
60-69 7,264 34,023 41,287
70-79 2,908 10,063 12,971
80 years and over 873 2,548 3,421
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015
 
Figure 4. Percent Distribution of Household by Age Group and Sex: ARMM, 2015 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, POPCEN 2015

Technical notes:

Total population is the sum of the household population and institutional population. It also includes Filipinos in Philippine embassies, consulates, and missions abroad.

Household population comprises of persons who belong to a household, the basic criterion of which is the usual place of residence or the place where the person usually resides.

Marital status is the personal status of each individual with reference to the marriage laws or customs of the country.

Religious affiliation is a particular system of beliefs, attitudes, emotions, and behaviors constituting man’s relationship with the powers and principalities of the universe.

School attendance rate the proportion of persons 5 to 24 years old who were attending school during the School Year June 2015 to March 2016 to school-age population (5 to 24 years old)

Simple literacy rate the proportion of persons aged 10 years and over who are able to read and write a simple message in any language or dialect.

Grade/year completed the highest grade or year completed in school, college or university.

 

(Sgd) HJI. RAZULDEN A. MANGELEN, MPA, MDM
(Chief Statistical Specialist)
Officer-in-Charge
RSSO-ARMM