Women and Men in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (Based on the Results of 2015 Census of Population)
The results of the 2015 Census of Population (POPCEN 2015) showed that the total population of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) reached 3,781,387 persons, which were only projected at around 3,706,900 persons. From this population, more than half (50.2 percent) are women. By 2020, the region’s total population is projected to reach 4,330,700 persons, still with more women than the men.
|Lanao del Sur||532,908||512,521||1,045,429||622,100||603,600||1,255,700|
The household population of the ARMM reached 3,771,249 persons in the 2015. Of this household population, women comprised 50.2 percent of the region’s total household population while men are slightly lower at 49.8 percent. These figures resulted in a sex ratio of 99 men per 100 women. Among provinces, Basilan, Lanao del Sur and Sulu recorded more women than men. On the other hand, in the provinces of Maguindanao and Tawi-Tawi registered more men than the women counterpart (See Fig. 1 and Table 2).
|Lanao del Sur||529,871||509,012||1,038,883|
As to the marital status, there are more single/never married men in ARMM than women, which accounted to 50.7 percent of the 1,297,367 household population who are 10 years old and over (Refer to Fig. 2 and Table 3). Slightly more women are reported married than their men counterpart. The results further reported that there are more women who are widowed, common-law/live-in arrangement and divorced/ separated with 71.0 percent, 50.3 percent and 63.4 percent, respectively. However, there are less women than men reported as under unknown marital status. In summary, there were more women than men in all categories of marital status in ARMM, except for single or never married and unknown marital status.
In ARMM, by age-group, women outnumbered men. This is true among the ages 15 to 44 years old and 80 years old and over. However, the number of women is lower than men among under 15 years old and among ages 45 to 79 years old.
|80 and over||4,423||4,056||8,479|
|18 years and over||967,673||941,512||1,909,185|
|60 years and over||53,306||58,804||112,110|
|65 years and over||31,808||33,582||65,390|
The youth population (15–24 years old) reached a total of 747,523 comprising 19.8 percent of the region’s total population. Of this number, 51.0 percent are women and 49.0 percent are men. This also means that there are 96 men in every 100 women in this age-group. Among the working age population (15–64 years old), and voting age population (18 years old and over) results registered more women than men. However, there are more men population than women among the senior citizens.
The top 10 religious affiliation in ARMM is presented Table 5 and Fig. 3. Of the total population in the region, 91.3 percent are Muslims, of which, women are slightly higher (50.3 percent) than men (49.7 percent). This is followed by Roman Catholics (including Catholic Charismatic) at 5.2 percent of the region’s total population, wherein women are less than that the number of men.
|Nat'l Council of Churches in the Phil.||19,553||21,243||40,796|
|Phil. Council of Evangelical Churches||7,767||7,981||15,748|
|Iglesia ni Cristo||3,162||3,256||6,418|
|Miracle Revival Church of the Phil.||1,943||1,956||3,899|
|Bible Baptist Church||1,400||1,500||2,900|
|Union Espiritista Cristina de Filipinas||1,228||1,305||2,533|
|Philippine Grace Gospel||1,082||1,209||2,291|
|Seventh Day Adventist||1,098||1,180||2,278|
Household population aged 5 to 24 years old are considered in determining the school attendance rate. Based on the POPCEN 2015, there are 1,794,445 persons who are 5 to 24 years old in ARMM and 67.6 percent, that is, 1,213,931 of them were attending school in school year 2015-2016. There are more women who are currently attending school with 68.1 percent of the household population 5 to 24 years old. These are also true in all age-group, except for ages 5–9 years old.
|Age Group||Household Population 5 to 24 Years Old||Household Population 5 to 24 Years Old who were currently attending schools|
A person can be considered as literate if he is able to read and write a simple message in any language or dialect. The literacy rate of ARMM based on the POPCEN 2015 is 88.7 percent among the 2,680,017 household population aged 10 years and over. Out of the 88.7 percent literacy rate, women has a slightly higher literacy rate at 88.7 percent while the men has 88.6 percent.
|Age Group||Household Population 10 Years Old and Over||Literate|
|65 years old and over||31,808||33,582||16,723||21,113|
In ARMM, among gainful workers 15 years old and over, women dominated men. More women among the managers and professionals group workers were noted with 52.5 percent and 70.3 percent, respectively. In the rest of the major occupation group, women were less than men.
|Major Occupation Group||Sex||Total|
|Technicians and Associate Professionals||6,705||8,516||15,221|
|Clerical Support Workers||9,238||10,535||19,773|
|Service and Sales Workers||53,506||54,033||107,539|
|Skilled Agricultural, Forestry and Fishery Workers||61,104||505,461||566,565|
|Craft and Related Trades Workers||10,692||26,433||37,125|
|Plant and Machine Operators and Assemblers||2,757||82,973||85,730|
|Armed Forces Occupations||123||3,140||3,263|
|Other Occupation not elsewhere classified||5||6||11|
It was recorded in the region that there were more women than men who were academic degree holders and who have pursued post-baccalaureate studies. Also, there were more women than men accounted with no year completed in their high school and post-secondary.
|Highest Grade/Year Completed||Sex||Total|
|No Grade Completed||230,543||229,063||459,606|
|1st - 4th Grade||402,384||436,944||839,328|
|5th - 6th Grade||171,282||179,104||350,386|
|Academic Degree Holder||76,718||59,074||135,792|
|Highest Grade/Year Completed||Sex||Total|
|No Grade Completed||1,132||1,010||2,142|
|1st - 4th Grade||3,292||2,189||5,481|
|5th - 6th Grade||4,312||1,732||6,044|
|Academic Degree Holder||4,394||3,604||7,998|
Among overseas workers, of the total population 15 years and over, 64.1 percent were women. As for the highest grade/year completed by these overseas workers, there were more women in all categories, except in Special Education, Post-Secondary (Undergraduate) and Post-Baccalaureate.
Of the 620,385 number of households in ARMM, only 7.7 percent were headed by women. This accounts to only 47,693 women household heads. In all age-group, women as head of the household were reported less than its counterpart.
|80 years and over||873||2,548||3,421|
Total population is the sum of the household population and institutional population. It also includes Filipinos in Philippine embassies, consulates, and missions abroad.
Household population comprises of persons who belong to a household, the basic criterion of which is the usual place of residence or the place where the person usually resides.
Marital status is the personal status of each individual with reference to the marriage laws or customs of the country.
Religious affiliation is a particular system of beliefs, attitudes, emotions, and behaviors constituting man’s relationship with the powers and principalities of the universe.
School attendance rate the proportion of persons 5 to 24 years old who were attending school during the School Year June 2015 to March 2016 to school-age population (5 to 24 years old)
Simple literacy rate the proportion of persons aged 10 years and over who are able to read and write a simple message in any language or dialect.
Grade/year completed the highest grade or year completed in school, college or university.