ARMM Employment Rate in January 2018 is estimated at 97.4 percent

March 27, 2018Special Release Ref No.: 2018-006
Table 1. Results from the January 2018 Labor Force Survey (LFS)
ARMM January 2018* January 2017
Total Population 15 Years Old and Over (in thousand) 2,369 2,296
Labor Force Participation Rate (in percent) 46.1 44.3
Employment Rate (in percent) 97.6 95.7
Unemployment Rate (in percent) 2.6 4.3
Underemployment Rate (in percent) 8.1 7.3
* Estimates for January 2018 are preliminary and may change
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Labor Force Survey
Based on the preliminary results of January 2018 Labor Force Survey (LFS), ARMM’s labor force participation rate (LFPR) is estimated at 46.1 percent in January 2018, which showed a 4.1 change in January 2017 at 44.3 percent (see Table 1). In other words, of the 2.4 million population 15 years old and over in January 2018, about 1.1 million participated in the labor force. LFPR refers to the total number of people or individuals age 15 years and over who are currently employed or in actively search of a job.
Among 17 regions in the country, ARMM has the lowest estimate of labor force participation rate in January 2018 followed by Zamboanga Peninsula at 59.3 percent and National Capital Region (NCR) at 60.6 percent (see Table 2).
Furthermore, ARMM employment rate is estimated at 97.4 percent in January 2018. By comparison, employment rate in ARMM was estimated at 95.7 percent in January 2017. Among regions, ARMM recorded the highest employment rate in January 2018 followed by Northern Mindanao at 97 percent and Zamboanga Peninsula at 96.6 percent.
The unemployment rate in ARMM, on the other hand, is estimated at 2.3 percent in January 2018 while 4.3 percent in January 2017. ARMM recorded the lowest unemployment rate in January 2018 among 17 regions in the country. It was followed by Northern Mindanao at 3 percent and Zamboanga Peninsula at 3.4 percent.
By definition, employed persons who express the desire to have additional hours of work in their present job, or to have additional job, or to have a new job with longer working hours are considered underemployed.  In January 2018, the underemployment rate in ARMM, which is the percentage of the underemployed to the total employed, was estimated at 8.1 percent.  This relatively higher than the January 2017 estimate at 7.3 percent.
Among regions, NCR recorded the lowest underemployment rate in January 2018 at 7.2 percent followed by ARMM.
Table 2. Rates of Labor Force Participation, Employment, Unemployment and Underemployment, by Region: January 2018
Region Labor Force
ment Rate
National Capital Region 60.6 92.2 7.8 7.2
Cordillera Administrative Region 62.2 96.4 3.6 14.8
I - Ilocos Region 63.3 93.3 6.7 27.9
II - Cagayan Valley 65.3 95.8 4.2 24.8
III - Central Luzon 60.7 94.6 5.4 11.5
IVA - CALABARZON 62.9 93.3 6.7 13.1
IVB - MIMAROPA 65.9 96.0 4.0 22.4
V - Bicol Region 62.0 96.0 4.0 33.8
VI - Western Visayas 62.0 95.1 4.9 22.9
VII - Central Visayas 63.1 94.2 5.8 24.4
VIII - Eastern Visayas 61.6 96.3 3.7 19.4
IX - Zamboanga Peninsula 59.3 96.6 3.4 16.1
X - Northern Mindanao 72.0 97.0 3.0 21.0
XI - Davao Region 62.2 95.3 4.7 17.8
XII - SOCCSKSARGEN 62.4 96.2 3.8 17.9
Caraga 67.1 96.0 4.0 24.7
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao 46.1 97.4 2.6 8.1
Notes: Estimates for January 2018 are preliminary and may change.
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, January 2018 Labor Force Survey
Technical Notes
Starting April 2005, the new unemployment definition was adopted per NSCB Resolution Number 15 dated October 20, 2004.  As indicated in the said resolution, the unemployed include all persons who are 15 years and over as of their last birthday and are reported as: (1) without work and currently available for work and seeking work; or (2) without work and currently available for work but not seeking work for the following reasons:
  • Tired/believed no work available
  • Awaiting results of previous job application
  • Temporary illness/disability
  • Bad weather
  • Waiting for rehire/job recall
Starting January 2012 LFS, the codes for industry adopted the 2009 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC).  Prior to this, codes for industry used the 1994 PSIC.
Question on vocational course was introduced in the January 2012 LFS questionnaire.
Starting April 2016 round, the Labor Force Survey (LFS) adopted the 2013 Master Sample Design, with a sample size of approximately 44,000 households.
The 2012 Philippine Standard Occupational Classification (PSOC) was adopted starting April 2016.  The 1992 PSOC had been used prior to April 2016.
Starting with the April 2016 LFS round, the population projections based on the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (2010 CPH) has been adopted to generate the labor force statistics.
In January 2017 round, Computer Aided Personal Interviewing (CAPI) using Tablet was utilized in the LFS enumeration.
Overseas Filipino Workers are not considered part of the labor force in the Philippines.  Hence, in the LFS, data on economic characteristics of household members who are overseas workers are not collected.  For the LFS reports, they are excluded in the estimation of the size of working population, that is, population aged 15 years and older, and in the estimation of the labor force.
(SGD) ABUBAKAR S. ASAAD, Ph.D. (Statistics)
Regional Director, PSA-ARMM