Sulu Total Population reached 824,731

January 30, 2018Special Release Ref No.: 2018-001

Total population is higher by 106,441 persons

The total population of the Province of Sulu as of August 1, 2015 was 824,731 persons based on the 2015 Census of Population (POPCEN). It comprised 21.8% of the ARMM total population. The 2015 population of the province is higher by 106,441 compared with 718,290 total populations in the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH).

Figure 1. Total Population: Sulu, 1990-2015 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Sulu posted a 14.8% total population growth rate

The Sulu’s total population has a 14.8 percent total population growth rate (PGR) during the 2010-2015 periods. It was 1.1 percent lower than the PGR that was posted by the province during the 2000-2010 periods. Through the decades, the province growth rate shows positive trends. Based on the 2015 POPCEN, across ARMM, Sulu is the third most numbered province.

The top most populous municipality of the province was Jolo (capital of Sulu) comprising 15.2 percent of the total population of the province. It was followed by Indanan and Talipao comprising 9.8 percent and 9.7 percent of the total population of the province respectively.

Table 1. Top Three Most Populous Municipality: Sulu, 2015 
Municipalities Total Population
Jolo 125,564
Indangan 80,883
Talipao 80,255
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

The province’s sex ratio stands at 98 males for every 100 females

Sulu’s total population in 2015 has 49.5 percent males while 50.5 percent are females with a sex ratio of 97 males per 100 females. The 2010 CPH posted 96 males per 100 females. This means that through the years, females outnumbered the males. This trend can also be seen in majority of the age group of the population.

Table 2. Sex Ratio by Age-Group: Sulu, 2015 
Age Group

Sex Ratio (Male:Female)

All Ages 98:100
0-14 99:100
15-64 96:100
65 years and over 102:100
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Median age slightly decreased to 18.0 years

The result of the 2015 POPCEN also showed that the median age of Sulu’s total population is 18.0 years old. This means that half of the total population is younger than or equal to 18.0 years old and another half of the total population is older than or equal to 18.0 years old. The median age of the province is the same as that of the region and it is the lowest median age recorded in the country as of 2015 POPCEN. The median age of the province in 2010 CPH is 18.7 years old.

Figure 2. Median Age of the Total Population: Sulu, 2015 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Children 5 to 9 years comprised the largest age groups of the population

Of the total population in the 2015, 42.3 percent are under 15 years of age or 348,904. Children aged 5 to 9 years comprised the largest part of the total population in the province which was 14.6 percent. Meanwhile, children of age under 5 years were accounted for 13.9 percent of the total population, and those 10 to 14 years with 13.8 percent. In 2010, children under 15 years old was accounted for 39.7 percent of the total population of the region, children of age 5 to 9 years with 14.3 percent and those children aged less than 5 years were accounted for 11 percent.

Table 3. Total Population by Age Group: Sulu, 2015 
Age Group Total Population
0-4 114,626
0-14 348,904
15-64 462,915
18 years and over 414,118
60 years and over 22,470
65 years and over 12,912
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

In terms of distribution by sex and age in the 2015 POPCEN, there are more females than males in the age groups 0 to 44 years old and 80 years and over, with females comprising 45.1 percent of the total population. In the contrary, there are more males than females in the age groups 45 to 79 with males comprising 6.3 percent of the total population. On the other hand, the proportions of males and females in the age groups 10 to 14 years old, 70 to 74 years old, 75 to 79 years old and 80 years and over are almost the same. It also means that they almost had equal population.

Figure 3. Age-Sex Pyramid of Total Population: Sulu, 2015 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Dependency ratio decreases to 78 dependents per 100 persons in the working-age group

In the 2015 POPCEN, the young dependents (0 to 14 years old) comprised 75.4 percent (or 348,904 persons) of the total population, while the old dependents (65 years old and over) comprised 2.8 percent (or 12,912 persons) of the total population. The working-age population (15 to 64 years old) accounted for the remaining 56.1 percent (or 462,915 persons).

The overall dependency ratio of Sulu is 78.2, which indicates that for every 100 working-age population, there are about 78 or more dependents (75 young dependents and more or less 3 old dependents). This is higher than the national figure (58) and higher than the dependency ratio in 2010 recorded at 70 dependents per 100 working-age population (67.4 young dependents and 2.6 old dependents).

More than half of the total population can vote

In Sulu, the voting-age population or persons 18 years old and over accounted for 50.2 percent of the total population (414,118 persons) based on the 2015 POPCEN. Persons that cannot vote or persons 17 years old and below accounted for 49.8 percent (410,613 persons). Of the voting-age population, 49.2 percent are males and 50.8 percent are female. The province’s voting age population comprises 21.7 percent of the region’s voting age population.

Figure 4. Voting Age Population: Sulu, 2015 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

All municipalities of Sulu has voting-age population comprising more than 40 percent of their respective total population, with the Municipality of Patikul having the highest proportion of voting-age over total population at 54.6 percent, followed by the Hadji Panglima Tahil at 53.4 percent, Indanan at 53.2 percent, and the lowest is in the Municipality of Old Panamao estimated only at 45.5 percent.

Table 4. Municipalities with most percentage of Voting Age Population: Sulu, 2015 
Municipalities Percentage of Voting Age Population
Patikul 54.6%
Hadji Paglima Tahil (Marunggas) 53.4%
Indanan 53.2%
Jolo 52.0%
Kalingalan Caluang 51.8%
Pandami 51.6%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Senior citizens constitute 2.7 percent of the total population.

Senior citizens are those people who are aged 60 years and over. In Sulu, there were 22,470 senior citizens making up 2.7 percent of the 824,731 total populations in the 2015 POPCEN, which is slightly lower than the 2.8 percent recorded in 2010. Among the senior citizens, the males estimated at 54 percent outnumbered the females at 46 percent. By municipalities, the Municipality of Indanan has the highest proportion of senior citizens estimated at 3.6 percent, followed by the Municipality of Patikul at 3.5 percent and the Municipality of Jolo at 3.1 percent. The Municipality of Talipao has the lowest proportion of senior citizens estimated only at 1.9 percent of its total population.

Almost half of the total populations were in the married persons group

Across provinces in ARMM, Sulu ranked third for the highest proportion of married persons which was estimated at 46.3 percent of its total population. Among the married persons group, the number of males (136,516) is larger by 10 compared to the number of females (136,506). Meanwhile, the proportion of single persons is 50.3 percent, in common-law or live-in marital arrangement is 0.2 percent, widowed persons is 2.5 percent and in divorced or separated persons  is 0.7 percent.

Figure 5. Proportion of Marital Status: Sulu, 2015 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

School Attendance Rate in the province had increase over the years

Persons aged 5 to 24 years old are considered in determining the school attendance rate. Based on the 2015 POPCEN results there are 395,261 persons who are 5 to 24 years old in Sulu and 72.7 percent that is 287,516 of them are attending school in school year 2015-2016 that is higher than the school attendance rate in 2010 CPH which is estimated at 61.7 percent. Out of the 2015 school attendance rate, females are higher than the males with 50.7 percent and 49.3 percent, respectively.

Figure 6. School Attendance Rate: Sulu, 2015 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Sulu’s simple literacy rate was recorded at 89.3 percent in 2015

The simple literacy rate of the Province of Sulu based on 2015 POPCEN is 83 percent among the 588,816 household population aged 10 years and over. It is higher than its simple literacy rate in 2010 CPH which is estimated only at 75.4 percent. A person can be considered as literate if he is able to read and write a simple message in any language or dialect. Out of the 83 percent literacy rate, 49 percent are males and 51 percent are females.

Figure 7. Household Population Rate: Sulu, 2015 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Females outnumbered males in academic degree and school attendance rate

Of the total population 5 years old and over across Sulu, 41.6 percent of the total population had reached elementary grade. 82.7 percent here are undergraduates while 17.3 percent are graduates. 21.4 percent of the total population already reached high school and 102,044 reached college. Among those with baccalaureate degree, there were more females (52.8 percent) than males (47.2 percent).  

Figure 8. Educational Attainment Percentage: Sulu, 2015 
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Sulu had increase its number of households in 2015

The number of households in the province had increase by 13.4 percent from 122,001 in 2010 to 138,357 in 2015. The household population of Sulu reached 823,983 persons in 2015. This is 105,706 higher than the 718,277 household population reported in 2010. The province registered an average household size of 6.0 persons, which is 0.1 higher than the average household size registered in 2010 which is 5.9.

The following municipalities have an average household size higher than its provincial level namely: Jolo, Old Panamao, Parang, Pata, Talipao and Panglima Estino (New Panamao). On the other hand there are 13 municipalities which recorded a lower average household size than its provincial level like Indanan, Kalingalan Caluang, Luuk, Maimbung, Hadji Panglima Tahil (Manunggas), Pangutaran, Patikul, Siasi, Tapul, Tongkil, Lugus, Pandami and Omar. Average household size tells us how much average number of persons is residing within a household in a particular area.

Table 5. Number of Households, Household Population, Household Size,
and Province/Municipality: Sulu, 2015 
Province/Municipality Total Number of Households Total Households
Population
Average
Household Size
Sulu 138,357 823,983 6.0
Indanan 13,954 80,391 5.8
Jolo (Capital) 19,443 125,419 6.5
Kalingalan Caluang 5,548 31,567 5.7
Luuk 5,773 32.162 5.6
Maimbung 6,480 37,914 5.9
Hadji Panglima Tahil (Marunggas) 1,091 6,375 5.8
Old Panamano 6,535 40,988 6.3
Pangutaran 5,589 30,613 5.5
Parang 9,858 62,172 6.3
Pata 3,583 22,163 6.2
Patikul 10,948 62,287 5.7
Siasi 12,287 67,666 5.5
Talipao 12,411 80,255 6.5
Tapul 3,157 18,197 5.8
Tongkil 4,265 24,161 5.7
Panglima Estino (New Panamao) 4,184 28,817 6.9
Lugus 3,935 21,897 5.6
Pandami 4,875 25,813 5.3
Omar 4,441 25,116 5.7
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

Technical Notes

Total population is the sum of the household population and institutional population. It also includes Filipinos in Philippine embassies, consulates, and missions abroad.

Population growth rate is the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given period due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population.

Dependency ratio is the ratio of persons in the dependent ages (under 15 years old and over 64 years old) to persons in the economically active or working ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population.

Voting age population (VAP) refers to the set of individuals that have reached the minimum voting age for a particular geographical or political unit.

Marital status is the personal status of each individual with reference to the marriage laws or customs of the country.

School attendance rate is the proportion of persons 5 to 24 years old who were attending school during the School Year June 2015 to March 2016 to school-age population (5 to 24 years old).

Simple literacy rate is the proportion of persons aged 10 years and over who are able to read and write a simple message in any language or dialect.

Highest grade / year completed are the highest grade or year completed in school, college or university.

 

(Sgd) ENGR. MEDZHOR A. TAN, DPA
Provincial Statistics Officer, PSA-Sulu