Age and Sex Structure of ARMM Population (based on POPCEN 2015)
August 16, 2017 • Special Release • Ref No.: SR 2017-20
Household population increased by 522,462 persons
The household population of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) reached 3,771,249 persons in the 2015 Census of Population (POPCEN) or 522,462 higher than the 3,248,787household population reported in the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH).
Based on the 2015 POPCEN, across all the 5 provinces of ARMM the Maguindanao (excluding Cotabato City) has the most number of households with 1,172,381 persons or 228,895 higher than the 943,486 2010 CPH followed by Lanao del Sur with 1,038,883 persons or 110,499 higher than the 928,384 2010 CPH. On the other hand Basilan (excluding Isabela City) has the lowest household population with 346,288 persons or 24,278 higher than the 365,346 2010 CPH.
Sex ratio stands at 99 males for every 100 females
The ARMM’s population has 49.8 percent males while 50.2 percent are females with a sex ratio of 99 males per 100 females. The 2010 POPCEN showed the same sex ratio. Also, the result of the 2015 POPCEN showed that ARMM and NCR are the only two regions which reported more females. Children under 15 years old has sex ration of 102 males for every 100 females while for those aged 15 to 64 years old the ratio is 97 males for every 100 females. The sex ratio for the age group 65 years old and over is 106 males for every 100 females.
In ARMM provinces, Sulu posted the highest sex ratio of 106 males per 100 females, followed by Maguindanao and Tawi-Tawi both posted the sex ratio of 102 males for every 100 females. This shows that there are more males than females in these three provinces. On the other hand, Basilan has 99 males per 100 females and Lanao del Sur has 96 males per 100females. These are the provinces where the females outnumbered the males.
Median age slightly decreased to 18.0 years
The result of the 2015 POPCEN also showed that the median age of ARMM’s household population is 18.0 years old. This means that half of ARMM’s household population is below 18.0 years old and another half of the household population is above 18.0 years old. Among the different regions in the country, ARMM has registered the lowest median age. In 2010, ARMM also had the lowest median age of 18.1 years old.
Among all the provinces in ARMM, Tawi-Tawi posted the highest median age of 19.0 years old. This means that half of Tawi-Tawi’s household population is below 19.0 years and the other half of the household population is above 19.0 years old. On the other hand, Basilan has registered the lowest median age of 16.0 years.
Children aged 5-9 years old comprised the largest age groups
In the household population of 2015 POPCEN 42.3 percent are under 15 years of age or 1.6 million. Children below 5 years old comprised 14.2 percent of the household population in ARMM and children aged 5 to 9 years old accounted for 14.7 percent of the household population and those aged 10 to 14 years with 13.2 percent. In comparison with 2010 results, children under 15 years old accounted for 56.1 percent of the household population in the region and children below 5 years of age comprised 13.3 percent of the total population.
In terms of distribution by age and sex, there are slightly more females than males in age groups 0-54 years old in the 2015 POPCEN with the females comprising 50.3 percent of these age groups. In contrast, there were more males than females in the order age group of 55 years old and over making up 52.8 percent.
Dependency ratio decrease to 78 dependents per 100 persons in the working-age group
In the 2015 POPCEN the young dependents (0-14 years old) comprised 42.2 percent or 1,589,936 persons of the household population, while the old dependents (65 years old and over) comprised 1.7 percent or 65,390 persons of the household population. The working-age population (15 to 64 years old) accounted for the remaining 28.3 percent.
The overall dependency ratio of ARMM is 78 which indicates that for every 100 working-age population there are about 78 dependents (75 young dependents and 3 old dependents). This is higher than the national figure (64) and lower than the dependency ratio in 2010 records at 80 dependents per 100 working-age population (77 young dependents and 3 old dependents).
It shows that the dependency ration of each provinces of ARMM is higher than the national dependency ratio. For every 100 of the population in the working-age, Basilan has the highest dependency ratio of 80 followed by Lanao del Sur with 79 dependency ratio while Tawi-Tawi.
More than half of the household population can vote
In ARMM the voting age population or persons is 18 years old and over accounted to 50.6 percent of the household population that is 1,909,185 persons based on the 2015 POPCEN while the remaining 49.4 percent that is 1,862,064 persons of the household population are 17 years old and below who has no capacity to vote. This means that there are more household population or persons that are 18 years old and over that comprises 50.7 percent are females and 49.3 are males. Across all regions ARMM posted the lowest proportion of voting-age population in the country.
All provinces of ARMM has voting-age population comprising more than 50 percent of their respective household population with Tawi-Tawi having the highest proportion who are of voting-age at 53.0 percent followed by Basilan with 50.6 percent, Maguindanao with 50.5 percent, Lanao del Sur with 50.3 percent and Sulu with 50.2 percent.
Senior citizens constitutes 3.0 percent of the household population
People who are regarded as senior citizen are those aged 60 years and over. ARMM has the lowest proportion of senior citizens making up 3.0 percent of the 3.8 million household population in 2015 POPCEN which is slightly higher than the 2.9 percent recorded in 2010. Among the senior citizens the males has 52.5 percent that outnumbered the 47.5 percent of females.
In terms of provinces Basilan has the highest proportion of senior citizens with 3.8 percent followed by Maguindanao with 3.0 percent, Sulu with 2.7 percent, Tawi-tawi with 2.7 percent and Lanao del Sur with 2.5 percent.
Seven elderly for every 100 children below 15 years old
In ARMM the ageing index or the proportion of persons aged 60 years and over per 100 persons under the age 15
years was computed at 7.0 percent in the 2015 POPCEN which is slightly higher than the ageing index computed at 6.7 percent in 2010. This means that there are seven person aged 60 years and over for every 100 children under 25 years old. Among all the provinces, Tawi-Tawi has the highest ageing index of 9.3 percent followed by Basilan with 9.3 percent, Maguindanao with 7.2 percent, Sulu with 6.4 percent and last is Lanao del Sur with 5.9 percent.
School attendance rate was higher among females than males
Household population aged 5 to 24 years old are considered in determining the school attendance rate. Based on the 2015 POPCEN there are 1,794,445 persons who are 5 to 24 years old in ARMM and 67.6 percent that is 1,213,931 of them are attending school in school year 2015-2016 that is higher than the school attendance rate in 2010 POPCEN which is 64.5 percent.
Out of the 2015 school attendance rate, females are higher than males with 50.5 percent and 49.5 percent respectively.
Among the provinces of ARMM, Maguindanao posted the highest school attendance rate of 29.8 percent or 361,665 persons while Basilan has the lowest rate of 8.4 percent or 102,000 persons.
Simple Literacy Rate was recorded at 88.7 percent
The literacy rate of ARMM based on the 2015 census of population is 88.7 percent among the 2,680,017 household population aged 10 years and over and it shows that it is higher than the previous literacy rate which is 80.3 percent in 2010 census of population. A person can be considered as literate if he is able to read and write a simple message in any language or dialect. Out of the 88.7 percent literacy rate, females are higher than males with 50.5 percent and 49.5 percent respectively.
In the case of provinces, Maguindanao post the highest rate with 31.4 percent and mostly female followed by Lanao del Sur with 28.8 percent and mostly male while Basilan posted the lowest with 8.9 percent.
Many are still single in ARMM
In general ARMM has the highest marital status of single with 48.1 percent or 1,289,717 households followed by married marital status with 47.4 percent or 1,271,466 household. Among the provinces the highest marital status for single, married, widowed and live-in is from Maguindanao whereas Lanao del Sur post the highest in marital status of separated. On the other hand Basilan post the lowest figure in single and married marital status while Tawi-Tawi post the lowest figure in widowed, separated and live-in marital status.
- Household population comprises of persons who belong to a household, the basic criterion of which is the usual place of residence or the place where the person usually resides.
- Household a social unit consisting of a person living alone or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have a common arrangement in the preparation and consumption of food.
- Sex ratio the ratio of males to females in a given population, expressed as the number of males per 100 females.
- Age the interval of time between a person’s date of birth and the census reference date (1 August 2015) expressed in completed years (as of last birthday) it is recorded in whole number.
- Median age the age at which exactly half of the population is younger than this age and the other half is older than it.
- Overall dependency ratio the ratio of persons in the dependent ages (under 15 years old and over 64 years old) to persons in the economically active or working ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population.
- Ageing index is calculated as the number of persons 60 years old and over per one hundred persons under the age of 15 years.
- School attendance rate the proportion of persons 5 to 24 years old who were attending school during the School Year June 2015 to March 2016 to school-age population (5 to 24 years old)
- Simple literacy rate the proportion of persons aged 10 years and over who are able to read and write a simple message in any language or dialect.
- Marital Status the personal status of each individual with reference to the marriage laws or customs of the country
(Sgd) ABUBAKAR S. ASAAD, Ph.D. (Statistics)
Regional Director, PSA-ARMM