2021 Full Year Official Poverty Statistics
Poverty incidence among the population is defined as the proportion of families or individuals whose per capita income cannot sufficiently meet the individual basic food and non-food needs.
Based on the 2021 Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES). BARMM recorded poverty incidence among families at 29.8 percent which translates to 0.23 million poor among BARMM families; 37.4 percent of people in BARMM were poor in 2021 which translates to 1.71 million considered poor families or below the poverty threshold. Basilan province recorded 53.5; Lanao del Sur at 10.9 percent; Maguindanao at 38.0 percent; Sulu at 62.5 percent; Tawi-Tawi recorded 36.5 percent while Cotabato City recorded 39.7 percent.
The poverty threshold also known as the poverty line is the minimum income required for a family or individual to meet the basic food and non-foods.
This means a poverty threshold of about PhP 11, 957 on average per month whose income is enough to meet their basic needs. A person needs at least PhP 2,391 on average per month to meet his/ her basic food and non-food needs in 2021.
The food threshold is the minimum income required for a family or individual to meet the basic food needs which satisfy the nutritional requirements for economically necessary and socially desirable physical activities.
On the food threshold, a person needed at least PhP 1,683 on average per month to meet his/her basic food needs in 2021. A family of five needed at least PhP 8,413. Among the population, 12.8 percent were not able to meet their basic needs in 2021, or 0.59 million food-poor Filipinos.
Subsistence incidence is the proportion of families or individuals with per capita income that is less than the per capita food threshold to the total number of families or individuals.
On the other hand, subsistence incidence among families was observed at 9.0 percent or 0.07 million food poor among families in BARMM.