Proportion of Poor Filipinos in ARMM registered at 63.0 percent in the First Semester of 2018

April 10, 2019Press Release Ref No.: PR-ARMM-19-001

Food and Poverty Threshold  

In the first semester of 2018, a family of five in ARMM needed no less than PhP7,971, on average, to meet the family’s basic foods needs for a month. This amount is the food threshold. On the other hand, no less than PhP11,315, on average, was needed to meet both basic food and non-food needs of a family of five in a month. This amount is the poverty threshold. These food and poverty thresholds are 20.4 percent and 21.4 percent higher than the thresholds in the first semester of 2015, respectively. 

Food threshold is the minimum income required to meet the basic food needs, satisfying the nutritional requirements set by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute (FNRI) to ensure that one remains economically and socially productive. On the other hand, poverty threshold is the minimum income required to meet the basic food and non-food needs such as clothing, fuel, light and water, housing, rental of occupied dwelling units, transportation and communication, health and education expenses, non-durable furnishing, household operations and personal care and effects. 

Poverty among Filipino families and individuals 

Poverty incidence among Filipino families in ARMM in the first semester of 2018 was estimated at 55.4 percent. This is defined as the proportion of families whose income is below the poverty line to the total number of families. This was estimated at 56.2 percent in the same period in 2015. 

Table 1. Poverty Incidence among Families in ARMM (%): First Semester 2015 and 2018
First Semester Poverty Incidence (%) Coefficient Variation
2018 55.4 2.4
2015 56.2 5.8
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Family Income and Expenditure Survey Visit 1

The poverty incidence among Filipino individuals in ARMM in the first semester of 2018 was estimated at 63.0 percent. This is referred to as the proportion of the population living below the poverty line to the total population. During the same period in 2015, poverty incidence among Filipinos was recorded at 61.6 percent.

Table 2. Poverty Incidence among Population in ARMM (%): First Semester 2015 and 2018 
First Semester Poverty Incidence (%) Coefficient Variation
2018 63.0 2.1
2015 61.6 5.2
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Family Income and Expenditure Survey Visit 1

The subsistence incidence among Filipino families in ARMM was estimated at 29.1 percent in the first semester of 2018. This is alternatively called as the proportion of Filipino families whose incomes fall below the food threshold. In the same period in 2015, the proportion of families who are food poor was recorded at 28.8 percent.

Table 3. Subsistence Incidence among Families in ARMM (%): First Semester 2015 and 2018 
First Semester Poverty Incidence (%) Coefficient Variation
2018 29.1 3.7
2015 28.8 9.4
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Family Income and Expenditure Survey Visit 1

The subsistence incidence among Filipino individuals was estimated at 36.0 percent in the first semester of 2018, and 34.0 percent in the first semester of 2015. It refers to the proportion of Filipinos whose incomes fall below the food threshold.

Table 4. Subsistence Incidence among Population in ARMM (%): First Semester 2015 and 2018 
First Semester Poverty Incidence (%) Coefficient Variation
2018 36.0 3.4
2015 34.0 8.4
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Family Income and Expenditure Survey Visit 1

In addition to the thresholds and incidences, the PSA also releases other povertyrelated statistics in the report such as the income gap, poverty gap and severity of poverty. The income gap measures the average income required by the poor in order to get out of poverty, expressed relative to the poverty threshold. The poverty gap refers to the income shortfall (expressed in proportion to the poverty threshold) of families with income below the poverty threshold, divided by the total number of families.  The severity of poverty is the total of the squared income shortfall (expressed in proportion to the poverty threshold) of families with income below the poverty threshold, divided by the total number of families.  This is a poverty measure that is sensitive to income distribution among the poor. 

In the first semester of 2018, on average, incomes of poor families were short by 32.9 percent of the poverty threshold. 

Table 5.  Income Gap, Poverty Gap and Severity of Poverty in ARMM: First Semester 2015 and 2018 
Statistics First Semester
2015 2018
Income Gap 32.1 32.9
Poverty Gap 18.0 18.2
Severity of Poverty 7.7 8.3
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Family Income and Expenditure Survey Visit 1

 

(Sgd) HJI. RAZULDEN A. MANGELEN, MPA, MDM
(Chief Statistical Specialist)
Officer-in-Charge
RSSO-ARMM