PSA-BARMM reports 1st Semester 2018 ARMM Poverty Statistics
OIC-Regional Director Razulden A. Mangelen of PSA-BARMM was invited by the Ministry of Local Government of BARMM (MLG) to present the latest official poverty statistics of ARMM during the Training cum Orienttion for the Newly-Elected Local Chief Exectives, with the theme “Creating Synergy in the Bangsmaoro Towards Moral Governance”, conducted by MLG last 15 to 17 June 2019 at Alnor Convention Center, Cotabato City.
This training aims to ensure proper transfer of powers and general orientations on the tasks and responsibilities of the newly-elected officials because said orientation is the most critical interventions to ensure that newly-elected officials are properly equipped when they assume office on 30 June 2019.
Before presenting the poverty statistics of BARMM, OIC-RD Mangelen introduced the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA), its brief history and mandates. He also enumerated the products and services offered by the agency which includes official statistics and civil registration.
OIC-RD Mangelen reported the highlights of the official poverty statistics of ARMM for the 1st semester of 2018. These include data on poverty threshold, poverty incidence, food threshold and subsistence incidence, all of which are reported by population and individual. Lanao del Sur, Sulu and Basilan are the top provinces in terms of poverty incidence among familiees; while Sulu, Lanao del Sur and Basilan were recorded as the poorest population in the country. Moreover, he also presented poverty statistics in the past years, specifically for 2006, 2009, 2012 and 2015.
The significance of generating poverty statistics and its legal bases were also highlighted in this presentation. OIC-RD Mangelen gave more emphasis on the methodology of producing this data. He defined and explained the basic concepts of food threshold and poverty threshold and illustrated the computation of each indicator, as well as the generation of poverty and subsistence incidences among population and families.
According to OIC-RD Mangelen, the Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES) is the main source of data on family income and expenditure, which serve as the bases for the computation of poverty statistics. Moreover, this survey uses the 2013 Master Sample Design.
Poverty statistics serves the basis of the government, as well as the policy-makers and planners, in formulating appropriate anti-poverty programs. Since PSA’s poverty statistics is mainly indicated by income, then it is recommended that interventions shall aim on immediately and significantly increasing household incomes.
Despite of this, PSA also recognizes the wider domain of the characteristics and definition of poverty. In fact, the agency is currently developing and generating statistics on the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI). Instead of defining poverty based on income, MPI focuses on four major dimensions of poverty such as 1) Education; 2) Health and Nutrition; 3) Housing, Water and Sanitation; and 4) Employment. Poverty in MPI will be indicated by the deprivation on each of these dimensions.
OIC-RD Mangelen also reported that PSA will release the 2018 Full-Year Poverty Statistics and regional estimates of MPI. PSA is also developing its official poverty estimation methodology, focusing on the other basic sectors.