Sabdula attends Training on Ethical Leadership

December 5, 2018News Article Ref No.: NL-ARMM-18-041 Page 1
Mr. Sabdula and other PSA employees during the Training on Ethical Leadership.

Mr. Suharto M. Sabdula, Statistical Specialist II of PSA-Maguindanao, attended the Training on Ethical Leadership for the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) last October 17 to 19, 2018 at Subic Bay Freeport Zone, Ologapo City.

This was spearheaded by the subject matter expert, Dir. Judith A. Dongalo-Chicano of the Civil Service Commission (CSC) and facilitated by Ms. Agustina F. Peñalosa of CSC and Ms. Marigin C. Celestial of PSA.

There were five modules covered in this training – 1) Introduction, 2) Ethics and Moral Principles, 3) Leadership Ethics, 4) Ethical Decision Making, and 5) World Café-Creating an Ethics Driven Culture. These modules aimed to explain the basic principles governing ethical standards in the public sector; discuss the norms of conduct for public officials and employees; define ethical and moral principles and values; analyze ethical issues and dilemmas in the workplace and apply appropriate approaches; build courage to follow one’s moral compass, tapping into the ethical leader within; and identify specific action steps to communicate and manage a culture that promises ethical behavior.

The objectives of this training were achieved through engaging the participants in creative conversations, storytelling, film-showing, games, group discussions and personal reflection.

Three modules were discussed during the first day. Participants discussed and levelled their expectations for this training and were grouped into three for the future activities. On the first module, participants were introduced to the definitions of ethics, ethical and moral principles and values, the distinctions of ethical issues versus dilemmas, and the ethics in Public Service. They also tackled the three perspectives of lying. First, the Immanuel Kant: Lying is always morally wrong. This principle suggests that lying corrupts the most important quality of being human, that is man’s ability to make free and rational choices. Second, the Virtue Ethics: Lying is immoral when it is a step away, not towards, the process of becoming the best person we can be. Third, the Utilitarian Ethics: Lying is not always immoral. In this perspective, the only test necessary for judging the morality of a lie is the balancing of the benefits and harms of its consequences.

Moreover, Module 2 discussed the stages of moral thought and the sources of ethical standards, as well as the difference between ethics and morality.

The second day of training was focused on Module 3. The module defined and differentiated ethical issues and dilemmas, applied the srouces of ethical standards in resolving ethical issues and dilemmas in deicision-making, and provided models and frameworks for ethical decision-making. Participants learned that there are specific steps to be followed in coming up with an ethical decision such as 1) Recognize an ethical issue, 2) Get the facts, 3) Evaluate alternative actions, 4) Make a decision and test it, and 5) Act and reflect on the outcome.

Module 4 discussed the leadership principles relevant to ethical leadership, surface and affirmation of one’s ethical values and principles towards the practice of ethical leadership, and the norms of conduct for the public officials and employees. In this session, participants noted that leadership is a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal. The common misconceptions that leaders are above followers and leaders are better than followers were eliminated. The module pointed out that leaders should have an interactive relationship with the followers.

In the last module, participants were diviided into four groups and were tasked to create a world café that cantered on the theme “Communicating and Managing an Ethical Culture in the Workplace”. Each team shared to the group their strategies on promoting ethical culture, the description of the most ethical organization’s people and practices, and the driving forces towards being an ethical organization. They also presented specific activities, initiatives and actions that they will implement upon return to work to promote an ethical organization.